sarcasm

noun
sar·​casm | \ ˈsär-ˌka-zəm How to pronounce sarcasm (audio) \

Definition of sarcasm

1 : a sharp and often satirical or ironic utterance designed to cut or give pain
2a : a mode of satirical wit depending for its effect on bitter, caustic, and often ironic language that is usually directed against an individual
b : the use or language of sarcasm

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Choose the Right Synonym for sarcasm

wit, humor, irony, sarcasm, satire, repartee mean a mode of expression intended to arouse amusement. wit suggests the power to evoke laughter by remarks showing verbal felicity or ingenuity and swift perception especially of the incongruous. a playful wit humor implies an ability to perceive the ludicrous, the comical, and the absurd in human life and to express these usually without bitterness. a sense of humor irony applies to a manner of expression in which the intended meaning is the opposite of what is seemingly expressed. the irony of the title sarcasm applies to expression frequently in the form of irony that is intended to cut or wound. given to heartless sarcasm satire applies to writing that exposes or ridicules conduct, doctrines, or institutions either by direct criticism or more often through irony, parody, or caricature. a satire on the Congress repartee implies the power of answering quickly, pointedly, or wittily. a dinner guest noted for repartee

Frequently Asked Questions About sarcasm

Is sarcasm the same as irony?

Sarcasm refers to the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say, especially in order to insult someone, or to show irritation, or just to be funny. For example, saying "they're really on top of things" to describe a group of people who are very disorganized is using sarcasm. Most often, sarcasm is biting, and intended to cause pain. Irony can also refer to the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say; the "they're really on top of things" statement about the very disorganized group of people can also be described as an ironic statement. But irony can also refer to a situation that is strange or funny because things happen in a way that seems to be the opposite of what you expected; for example, it is ironic if someone who was raised by professional musicians but who wanted a very different kind of life then fell in love with and married a professional musician.

What is the plural of sarcasm?

Sarcasm is what we refer to as a noncount noun ("a noun that denotes a homogeneous substance or a concept without subdivisions and that in English is preceded in indefinite singular constructions by some rather than a or an"), and has no plural form.

What are some synonyms for sarcasm?

Sarcasm shares some semantic territory with a number of other English words, including wit, repartee, and humor. While most of these are in some way concerned with inducing laughter, sarcasm stands alone in denoting caustic language that is designed to cut or give pain.

Examples of sarcasm in a Sentence

"That was my favorite show yet this tour," Banks says. "I love audiences that are ambivalent." For a second, I think he's laying on the sarcasm, until he continues. "I really like the chance to win people over." — David Peisner, Spin, August 2007 "The best part of being single," Bryce Donovan jokes, "is being able to choose any woman I want to shoot me down." Such self-deprecating sarcasm is the trademark of this newsman's four-year-old weekly column "It Beats Working" in the Charleston Post and Courier. People, 26 June 2006 "But see," I say … "in my line of work I'm supposed to dress in a way that makes clients feel sorry for me, or better yet superior to me. I think I accomplish that pretty well." Paul looks over at me again with a distasteful look that might be ready to slide into sarcasm, only he doesn't know if I'm making fun of him. He says nothing. — Richard Ford, Independence Day, (1995) 1996 a voice full of sarcasm I know you're not happy, but there's no need to resort to petty sarcasms to make your point.
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Recent Examples on the Web The issue is much more widely covered in conservative media — and often presented with a heavy dose of sarcasm. New York Times, "Why Transgender Girls Are Suddenly the G.O.P.’s Culture-War Focus," 29 Mar. 2021 The raucous discussions are full of sarcasm, self deprecation and emojis of rocket ships signifying belief that GameStock’s stock will fly to the moon. Michelle Chapman, USA TODAY, "GameStop was just a place to buy video games. Now smaller investors have turned its stock into a battle royale," 28 Jan. 2021 Later Thursday evening, McEnany responded to the Twitter scuffle with an air of sarcasm, again crediting the former president for the rate of the US vaccination rollout. BostonGlobe.com, "Former White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany credits Trump for US vaccination rate with tweet that gets called out for typo," 25 Mar. 2021 Acaster already has an almost stereotypically English brand of comedy: cerebral and word drunk, wrapped inside layers of irony and biting sarcasm. Jason Zinoman, New York Times, "Can You Love a Stand-Up Special About Loathing?," 22 Mar. 2021 After all, as some critics point out with varying degrees of sarcasm, aren’t all violent crimes motivated by anything but love? Clarence Page, chicagotribune.com, "Column: What is a ‘hate crime’? The Atlanta-area spa killings ignite new fears, divisions," 19 Mar. 2021 His opinion was pure John Roberts: pithy, smart, with deep historical analysis leavened by a touch of sarcasm. Linda Greenhouse, Star Tribune, "The $1 ruling and our lonely chief justice," 12 Mar. 2021 Today’s most impressive AI is still sometimes faulty at determining language nuance, sarcasm, and irony, all literary devices frequently used on social media—and especially amongst young, male-skewing investors. Matt Klein, Forbes, "Dave Portnoy’s Buzzy Social Media ETF: What You Really Need To Know," 4 Mar. 2021 Stuhlbarg, as the real-life professor and critic Stanley Edgar Hyman, brings lashing sarcasm and high-handed command to his familiar repertory of noodgy intellect. Richard Brody, The New Yorker, "The 2021 Oscar Nominations, and What Should Have Made the List," 15 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sarcasm.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sarcasm

1619, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for sarcasm

earlier sarcasmus, borrowed from Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French sarcasme, borrowed from Late Latin sarcasmos "mockery," borrowed from Late Greek sarkasmós, from Greek sarkázein "to jeer at while biting the lips" (in galen; perhaps, if the original sense was "to bite or strip off flesh," derivative of sark-, sárx "flesh") + -smos, suffix of verbal action — more at sarco-

Note: The original sense of the Greek verb sarkázein is conjectural, as all instances referring to jeering or mockery come from late or post-classical sources, generally lexica. The sole significant early uses are in Aristophanes' play Peace, where the Megarians, while pulling boulders from the entrance to a cave, are described as performing the action of the verb sarkázein "like mean (?) curs," while perishing from hunger ("hoi Megarês… hélkousin d' hómōs glischrótata sarkázontes hṓsper kynídia"); and in the Hippocratic treatise "On Joints" (Perì Arthrôn), where the verb is used to describe hoofed animals eating grass. In both cases the interpretation of sarkázein is far from transparent.

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Time Traveler for sarcasm

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The first known use of sarcasm was in 1619

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Last Updated

14 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Sarcasm.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sarcasm. Accessed 18 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for sarcasm

sarcasm

noun

English Language Learners Definition of sarcasm

: the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say especially in order to insult someone, to show irritation, or to be funny

sarcasm

noun
sar·​casm | \ ˈsär-ˌka-zəm How to pronounce sarcasm (audio) \

Kids Definition of sarcasm

: the use of words that normally mean one thing to mean just the opposite usually to hurt someone's feelings or show scorn

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