pupil

1 of 2

noun (1)

pu·​pil ˈpyü-pəl How to pronounce pupil (audio)
1
: a child or young person in school or in the charge of a tutor or instructor : student
2
: one who has been taught or influenced by a famous or distinguished person

pupil

2 of 2

noun (2)

: the contractile aperture in the iris of the eye
pupillary adjective

Word History

Etymology

Noun (1)

Middle English pupille minor ward, from Anglo-French, from Latin pupillus male ward (from diminutive of pupus boy) & pupilla female ward, from diminutive of pupa girl, doll

Noun (2)

Middle French pupille, from Latin pupilla, from diminutive of pupa doll; from the tiny image of oneself seen reflected in another's eye

First Known Use

Noun (1)

1536, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun (2)

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of pupil was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near pupil

Cite this Entry

“Pupil.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pupil. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

Kids Definition

pupil

1 of 2 noun
pu·​pil ˈpyü-pəl How to pronounce pupil (audio)
1
: a child or young person in school or in the care of a tutor or teacher
2
: one who has been taught or influenced by a person of fame : disciple

pupil

2 of 2 noun
: the usually round opening in the iris that contracts and expands to control the amount of light entering the eye

Medical Definition

pupil

noun
pu·​pil ˈpyü-pəl How to pronounce pupil (audio)
: the contractile usually round aperture in the iris of the eye

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