pronation

noun
pro·​na·​tion | \ prō-ˈnā-shən How to pronounce pronation (audio) \

Definition of pronation

1 : rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards
2 : rotation of the medial bones in the midtarsal region of the foot inward and downward so that in walking the foot tends to come down on its inner margin

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Other Words from pronation

pronate \ ˈprō-​ˌnāt How to pronounce pronation (audio) \ verb

Examples of pronation in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web If there isn't any pronation, then the shoe doesn't overcorrect. Stephanie Mansour, NBC News, "Best women's walking shoes and sneakers, according to experts," 29 Apr. 2020 The contoured insole smooths the transition of each stride, while the flare heel base helps slow pronation (where the foot rolls too far inwards). Braelyn Wood, Health.com, "Allbirds Just Launched Its First Running Shoe, and It’s About to Become the Next Hollywood Staple," 28 Apr. 2020 At Gorsuch Ski in Aspen, a boot fitter used 3-D scanning technology to measure my feet — length, forefoot width, instep height — and discovered that significant pronation caused my ankles to collapse in standard rental boots. Washington Post, "How a 40-year-old skier tamed her terror and learned to take on black diamond runs," 1 Nov. 2019 To help with pronation, the shoe structure emphasizes stability with a vertical groove along the sole that enhances natural gait and adds additional support to the midfoot area. Braelyn Wood, Health.com, "Reese Witherspoon Owns So Many Pairs of These Sneakers That She's Constantly Wearing Them," 23 July 2019 Risks for Achilles tendinopathy include weak calf muscles, increased or decreased dorsiflexion — backward bending — of the foot, and excessive pronation, the inward or outward roll of the foot. Mari A. Schaefer, Philly.com, "For Achilles injuries, 'everyone is vulnerable'," 8 Sep. 2017 Asics has a good overview of what to look for to determine your pronation type. Don Melanson, Popular Mechanics, "How to Find the Best Running Shoe For You," 20 Apr. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pronation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of pronation

1657, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for pronation

pronate, from Late Latin pronatus, past participle of pronare to bend forward, from Latin pronus

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Time Traveler for pronation

Time Traveler

The first known use of pronation was in 1657

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Cite this Entry

“Pronation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pronation. Accessed 18 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for pronation

pronation

noun
pro·​na·​tion | \ prō-ˈnā-shən How to pronounce pronation (audio) \

Medical Definition of pronation

: rotation of an anatomical part towards the midline: as
a : rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards
b : rotation of the medial bones in the midtarsal region of the foot inward and downward so that in walking the foot tends to come down on its inner margin

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