Definition of preemption
1a : the right of purchasing before others; especially : one given by the government to the actual settler upon a tract of public landb : the purchase of something under this right
2 : a prior seizure or appropriation : a taking possession before others
3 : a doctrine in law according to which federal law supersedes state law when federal law is in conflict with a state law
4 : a policy of launching a preemptive attack in order to prevent a suspected imminent attack
Examples of preemption in a Sentence
longtime residents resented the preemption of their urban neighborhood by this influx of affluent yuppies
Recent Examples of preemption from the Web
But federal preemption jumped sharply in the 1970s and again over the past decade.
Knopp said an extension of the current preemption on local governments passing work scheduling laws also solidified his support for the bill.
CLEVELAND, Ohio -- A coalition created to battle preemption of home rule by state legislatures across the nation has joined Cleveland's fight against a state law that would void city regulations that help Clevelanders get work on public contracts.
But appeals-court Judge Gerald Tjoflat wrote a 226-page dissent on the preemption and due-process issues.
Preemption is a legal way to quash minimum-wage or anti-discrimination ordinances.
In March, Iowa became the latest state to pass a preemption bill to block minimum-wage increases.
Pat Garofalo, the Republican sponsor of Minnesota’s preemption bill, makes a similar argument.
A preemption would be unprecedented and, very likely, unsuccessful, Mikos said in an interview with The Cannabist.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'preemption'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Legal Definition of preemption
1a : the right of purchasing before others : preemptive right b : a right to purchase a tract of public land before others that was given by the government to the actual occupant of the land Editor's note: This sense of preemption is primarily of historical importance.
2 : a doctrine in conflicts of law: when a superior government (as of a state) has undertaken to regulate a subject its laws supersede those of an inferior government (as of a municipality) Editor's note: According to the doctrine of preemption, federal law supersedes state law when federal law is in conflict with a state law on a subject or when there is congressional intent to regulate a subject to the exclusion of the states. Federal preemption is based on the supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution and is closely related to the powers granted Congress in the commerce clause.
3 : an act or instance of preempting
Origin and Etymology of preemption
Medieval Latin praeemption- praeemptio previous purchase, from praeemere to buy before
Seen and Heard
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