And the impediment currently is the White House policy on the Southern border.—Nbc Universal, NBC News, 26 Nov. 2023 This is a major setback for U.S. defense, economic, and health-care policy, as well as for unbiased analysis.—Kenin M. Spivak, National Review, 25 Nov. 2023 Beijing mounted an intense campaign of military and economic coercion to express its displeasure over the policies of Tsai Ing-wen, who was elected Taiwan’s president in 2016 but cannot stand again because of term limits.—Vic Chiang, Washington Post, 24 Nov. 2023 Chief Deputy Ricardo Rios said the policy of the Zavala County Sheriff’s Office was to rely on a deputy’s discretion, taking into account the location — whether in town or on the highway — as well as traffic on the road.—J. David Goodman Verónica G. Cárdenas, New York Times, 24 Nov. 2023 Numerous employees from the State Department and other government agencies have signed petitions and letters of complaint opposing the policy.—Nabih Bulos, Los Angeles Times, 24 Nov. 2023 Sweden’s central bank on Thursday held its key policy rate at 4.0% but said rates could be raised at the start of next year if inflation prospects deteriorate.—Dominic Chopping, WSJ, 23 Nov. 2023 However, Spotify continues to install a flexible working policy for employees.—Ryan Hogg, Fortune Europe, 23 Nov. 2023 An 8-year-old Native American boy was allegedly forced to cut his hair or be sent home in order to comply with his elementary school’s hair policy, according to the Kansas American Civil Liberties Union.—Brian Brant, Peoplemag, 23 Nov. 2023 See More
These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'policy.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.
Middle English policie, pollecye "art or practice of government, system of government, commonwealth, organization or conduct of affairs, practical skill, prudence," borrowed from Anglo-French policie, pollecie "governance, system of government" (Middle French also, "a political organization, the state, conduct, behavior"), borrowed from Late Latin polītīa "citizenship, political organization, government" — more at police entry 1
The term is a doublet of police entry 1; see note at that entry.
earlier police, pollecy (in the phrase police/pollecy of assurance, after French pollice d'assurance), borrowed from Middle French police, pollice "certificate, written proof," probably borrowed from Italian polizza, pollizza "receipt, promissory note," alteration of apodissa, appodissa (by absorption of initial a- by the definite article and shift of -d- to a lateral), borrowed from Medieval Latin apodixa, apodissa "receipt," borrowed from Middle Greek apódeixis, going back to Greek, "making known, proof," from apodeik-, stem of apodeíknymi, apodeiknýnai "to point out, make known, prove" + -sis-sis — more at apodictic
The English variant with -cy is presumably assimilation to policy entry 1, ending in a familiar suffix; it appears to have displaced police at an early date. — Middle French police has also been taken as a loan from Old Occitan polissia, itself borrowed from Italian, or directly from Medieval Latin or Greek; the editors of Trésor de la langue française reject this on grounds of the location of the earliest citations. The shift of a dental to a lateral in (apodissa > polizza) is perhaps best explained as direct borrowing into Italian from vernacular Greek, where the dental would have been a voiced interdental fricative; as Italian lacked this sound, it was transferred as an -l- (compare the etymology of pilot entry 1). This alters somewhat the path of transmission in the etymology above, perhaps removing Medieval Latin as an intermediary.