phi·​los·​o·​pher | \ fə-ˈlä-s(ə-)fər How to pronounce philosopher (audio) \

Definition of philosopher

1a : a person who seeks wisdom or enlightenment : scholar, thinker
b : a student of philosophy
2a : a person whose philosophical perspective makes meeting trouble with equanimity easier
b : an expounder of a theory in a particular area of experience
c : one who philosophizes

Examples of philosopher in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web As the philosopher Frantz Fanon argued, colonizers see themselves as actors with purpose, and the colonized as instruments to realize the imperial vision. Timothy Snyder, The New Yorker, 28 Apr. 2022 The monument to the Ukrainian Baroque philosopher Hryhorii Skovoroda in the Podil district of Kyiv has been given quite a makeover. Olena Stiazhkina, CNN, 26 Apr. 2022 But critics argue the endeavor amounted to nothing more than racial and political gerrymandering, something cited by Klapper in his 200-plus-page opinion that quoted everything from the French philosopher Montesquieu to folk music. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 26 Apr. 2022 The French philosopher Montesquieu once wrote that history was governed not by chance, but by underlying causes. Tom Mctague, The Atlantic, 22 Apr. 2022 The proliferation of private car transit, the Austrian philosopher André Gorz noted in 1973, was one of the oil industry’s most ingenious innovations: If people could be induced to travel in cars, they could be sold the fuel necessary to move them. Kate Aronoff, The New Republic, 24 Mar. 2022 The highly regarded philosopher Plato believed that Wisdom was one of four core virtues of the soul. Brianna Carter, SPIN, 23 Mar. 2022 Nearly 2,400 years ago, the Greek philosopher Aristotle urged public speakers to prepare by knowing their audience. Carmine Gallo, Forbes, 17 Mar. 2022 The philosopher Aristotle used it as a metaphor in Poetics to describe a shedding of emotion, the impact that witnessing tragedy has on the body. Kole Fulmine,, 16 Mar. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'philosopher.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of philosopher

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for philosopher

Middle English philosophe, philosophre, from Anglo-French, from Latin philosophus, from Greek philosophos, from phil- + sophia wisdom, from sophos wise

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Time Traveler for philosopher

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The first known use of philosopher was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near philosopher



philosopher's game

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Last Updated

7 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Philosopher.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 18 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for philosopher


phi·​los·​o·​pher | \ fə-ˈlä-sə-fər How to pronounce philosopher (audio) \

Kids Definition of philosopher

1 : a person who studies ideas about knowledge, right and wrong, reasoning, and the value of things
2 : a person who takes misfortunes with calmness and courage


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