philosophy

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noun phi·los·o·phy \ fə-ˈlä-s(ə-)fē \

Definition of philosophy

plural -phies
1 a (1) :all learning exclusive of technical precepts and practical arts
(2) :the sciences and liberal arts exclusive of medicine, law, and theology
  • a doctor of philosophy
(3) :the 4-year college course of a major seminary
b (1) archaic :physical science
(2) :ethics
c :a discipline comprising as its core logic, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology
2 a :pursuit of wisdom
b :a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means
c :an analysis of the grounds of and concepts expressing fundamental beliefs
3 a :a system of philosophical concepts
b :a theory underlying or regarding a sphere of activity or thought
  • the philosophy of war
4 a :the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group
b :calmness of temper and judgment befitting a philosopher

Examples of philosophy in a Sentence

  1. There's plenty of blame to go around: poor regulation, eight years of a failed Republican economic philosophy, Wall Street-friendly Democrats who helped stymie reform, misguided bipartisan efforts to promote home ownership, Wall Street greed, corrupt CEOs, a botched rescue effort, painfully fallible central bankers. —Daniel GrossNewsweek9 Mar. 2009
  2. Broadly speaking, philosophy has three concerns: how the world hangs together, how our beliefs can be justified, and how to live. —Jim HoltNew York Times Book Review15 Feb. 2009
  3. Almost none of the kids were older than twenty-five, as if there were a sell-by date on radical social philosophy, a legal age limit after which one must surrender lofty ideals and shave off all dreadlocks. —Matthew PowerHarper'sMarch 2008
  4. In their mission statement, the editors bragged of their firm commitment to equality and social justice, but their philosophy didn't prevent them from summoning Lindsey to perform all their menial tasks. —Kim Wong KeltnerThe Dim Sum of All Things2004
  5. Her degree is in philosophy and religion.

  6. The group eventually split over conflicting political philosophies.

  7. Her main cooking philosophy is to use only fresh ingredients.

Recent Examples of philosophy from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'philosophy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of philosophy

Middle English philosophie, from Anglo-French, from Latin philosophia, from Greek, from philosophos philosopher

philosophy Synonyms


PHILOSOPHY Defined for English Language Learners

philosophy

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noun

Definition of philosophy for English Language Learners

  • : the study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life, etc.

  • : a particular set of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life, etc.

  • : a set of ideas about how to do something or how to live


PHILOSOPHY Defined for Kids

philosophy

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noun phi·los·o·phy \ fə-ˈlä-sə-fē \

Definition of philosophy for Students

plural philosophies
1 :the study of the basic ideas about knowledge, right and wrong, reasoning, and the value of things
2 :a specific set of ideas of a person or a group
  • Greek philosophy
3 :a set of ideas about how to do something or how to live
  • Live and let live—that's my philosophy.


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