phal·era | \ ˈfalərə \
plural phalerae\-əˌrē, -ˌrī \

Definition of phalera 

: a metal boss or disk (as of bronze or silver) worn in ancient times on the heads or breasts of horses or sometimes by men as signs of military rank also : a cameo worn as an ornament

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History and Etymology for phalera

Latin, from Greek phalara, plural; akin to Greek phalos horn of a helmet and probably to Sanskrit hvarate he bends, hruṇāti he gets lost

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an open space surrounded by woods

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