peri·​car·​di·​um | \ ˌper-ə-ˈkär-dē-əm How to pronounce pericardium (audio) \
plural pericardia\ ˌper-​ə-​ˈkär-​dē-​ə How to pronounce pericardium (audio) \

Definition of pericardium

1 : the conical sac of serous membrane that encloses the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels of vertebrates
2 : a cavity or space that contains the heart of an invertebrate and in arthropods is a part of the hemocoel

Examples of pericardium in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Pericarditis is inflammation of the sac or pericardium around the heart. Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, 2 July 2021 They are attached at the lower chest and abdomen and share their chest wall, diaphragm, pericardium and liver. Cnn Editorial Research, CNN, 26 May 2021 The goods news is that their hearts were separate as well, sharing only the lining around the heart – the pericardium. Carol Robinson |, al, 22 Apr. 2021 Bleakley talked about an older dog that was referred to him by an oncologist for an abnormality with excess fluid in the pericardium around the dog’s heart. Georgann Yara, The Arizona Republic, 30 Oct. 2020 Gore-Tex fabric was used to place a patch over the holes in the pericardium around each of their hearts. Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, 18 Sep. 2020 There’s a spot between the tendons—about two or three finger widths above the center of your inner wrist—called the pericardium 6 (PC6). Taylyn Washington-harmon,, 1 July 2020 As a pediatric emergency medicine physician, Smith said he's seen pellets pierce the skull and enter the brain and lodge near the pericardium, the sac that protects the heart. Scottie Andrew, CNN, 25 Nov. 2019 Bale is still out of contention with a calf muscle injury that prevented him from helping Wales to qualify for next year's World Cup, while strong right-back Dani Carvajal is struggling with a viral pericardium infection., 21 Oct. 2017 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pericardium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of pericardium

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for pericardium

Middle English, from Medieval Latin, from Greek perikardion, neuter of perikardios around the heart, from peri- + kardia heart — more at heart

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The first known use of pericardium was in the 15th century

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Cite this Entry

“Pericardium.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 23 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for pericardium


peri·​car·​di·​um | \ ˌper-ə-ˈkärd-ē-əm How to pronounce pericardium (audio) \
plural pericardia\ -​ē-​ə How to pronounce pericardium (audio) \

Medical Definition of pericardium

: the conical sac of serous membrane that encloses the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels of vertebrates and consists of an outer fibrous coat that loosely invests the heart and is prolonged on the outer surface of the great vessels except the inferior vena cava and a double inner serous coat of which one layer is closely adherent to the heart while the other lines the inner surface of the outer coat with the intervening space being filled with pericardial fluid

More from Merriam-Webster on pericardium

Britannica English: Translation of pericardium for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about pericardium


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