oxidize

verb
ox·​i·​dize | \ ˈäk-sə-ˌdīz How to pronounce oxidize (audio) \
oxidized; oxidizing

Definition of oxidize

transitive verb

1 : to combine with oxygen Other chemicals then oxidize the sulfur dioxide to form sulfuric acid, which along with the nitric acid increases the acidity of the dewdrop.— R. Monastersky Should the cork be allowed to dry out, it will shrink and allow air to seep in and oxidize the wine.— Peter D. Meltzer
2 : to dehydrogenate especially by the action of oxygen oxidize an alcohol to an aldehyde
3 : to change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence What mix of products is formed is a function of the electrode potential used to oxidize the chloride ion.Chemical & Engineering News : remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule) oxidize metallic copper to ionic copper

intransitive verb

: to become oxidized Fats can either oxidize (combine with oxygen) or hydrolyze (combine with water) to become rancid.— Shirley Corriher Silver does not oxidize, or rust, on exposure to air. In fact, compared with most other elements, it is not particularly reactive.— C. Claiborne Ray

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Other Words from oxidize

oxidizable \ ˌäk-​sə-​ˈdī-​zə-​bəl How to pronounce oxidize (audio) \ adjective

Examples of oxidize in a Sentence

The paint oxidizes and discolors rapidly.
Recent Examples on the Web Unlike a normal stopper, the Coravin fills that negative space with inert argon gas so the remaining wine doesn’t oxidize. Bon Appétit, 22 June 2021 Unlike a normal stopper, the Coravin fills that negative space with inert argon gas so the remaining wine doesn’t oxidize. Bon Appétit, 22 June 2021 Unlike a normal stopper, the Coravin fills that negative space with inert argon gas so the remaining wine doesn’t oxidize. Bon Appétit, 22 June 2021 Black tea production differs from green and white tea in that the black tea leaves oxidize for a longer period of time; oxidizing means that the tea leaves are exposed to air, allowing the leaves to darken and develop rich flavor. Ola Faleti, chicagotribune.com, 18 Apr. 2021 Unlike a normal stopper, the Coravin fills that negative space with inert argon gas so the remaining wine doesn’t oxidize. Mackenzie Chung Fegan, Bon Appétit, 21 June 2021 Benzoyl peroxide can oxidize and degrade tretinoin, Chan notes. Devon Abelman, Allure, 1 June 2021 The alcohol in today’s fuels will oxidize inside the tank and attract moisture, which leads to all sorts of small engine issues. Timothy Dahl, Popular Mechanics, 18 May 2021 Additionally, the Harvard Medical School reports chiles can speed up metabolism and help oxidize fat. Paul Stephen, San Antonio Express-News, 3 May 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'oxidize.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of oxidize

1802, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

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Time Traveler for oxidize

Time Traveler

The first known use of oxidize was in 1802

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Dictionary Entries Near oxidize

oxidization

oxidize

oxidized oil

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Statistics for oxidize

Last Updated

29 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Oxidize.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/oxidize. Accessed 30 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for oxidize

oxidize

verb

English Language Learners Definition of oxidize

: to become combined with oxygen

oxidize

verb
ox·​i·​dize | \ ˈäk-sə-ˌdīz How to pronounce oxidize (audio) \
oxidized; oxidizing

Kids Definition of oxidize

: to combine or become combined with oxygen The various metals will oxidize at different rates. Iron oxidizes to form rust.

oxidize

verb
ox·​i·​dize
variants: also British oxidise \ ˈäk-​sə-​ˌdīz How to pronounce oxidize (audio) \
oxidized also British oxidised; oxidizing also British oxidising

Medical Definition of oxidize

transitive verb

1 : to combine with oxygen
2 : to dehydrogenate especially by the action of oxygen
3 : to change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence : remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule)

Other Words from oxidize

oxidizable \ -​ˌdī-​zə-​bəl How to pronounce oxidize (audio) \ adjective

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