oxidize

verb ox·i·dize \ ˈäk-sə-ˌdīz \
|Updated on: 17 Jun 2018

Definition of oxidize

oxidized; oxidizing
1 : to combine with oxygen
  • Other chemicals then oxidize the sulfur dioxide to form sulfuric acid, which along with the nitric acid increases the acidity of the dewdrop.
  • —R. Monastersky
  • Should the cork be allowed to dry out, it will shrink and allow air to seep in and oxidize the wine.
  • —Peter D. Meltzer
2 : to dehydrogenate especially by the action of oxygen
  • oxidize an alcohol to an aldehyde
3 : to change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence
  • What mix of products is formed is a function of the electrode potential used to oxidize the chloride ion.
  • Chemical & Engineering News
: remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule)
  • oxidize metallic copper to ionic copper
: to become oxidized
  • Fats can either oxidize (combine with oxygen) or hydrolyze (combine with water) to become rancid.
  • —Shirley Corriher
  • Silver does not oxidize, or rust, on exposure to air. In fact, compared with most other elements, it is not particularly reactive.
  • —C. Claiborne Ray

oxidizable

play \ˌäk-sə-ˈdī-zə-bəl\ adjective

Examples of oxidize in a Sentence

  1. The paint oxidizes and discolors rapidly.

Recent Examples of oxidize from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'oxidize.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of oxidize

1802

in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

See Words from the same year
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Other Chemical Engineering Terms


OXIDIZE Defined for English Language Learners

oxidize

Definition of oxidize for English Language Learners

  • : to become combined with oxygen


OXIDIZE Defined for Kids

oxidize

verb ox·i·dize \ ˈäk-sə-ˌdīz \

Definition of oxidize for Students

oxidized; oxidizing
: to combine or become combined with oxygen The various metals will oxidize at different rates. Iron oxidizes to form rust.

Medical Dictionary

oxidize

verb ox·i·dize
variants: also British oxidise play \ˈäk-sə-ˌdīz\

medical Definition of oxidize

oxidized also British oxidised; oxidizing also British oxidising
1 : to combine with oxygen
2 : to dehydrogenate especially by the action of oxygen
3 : to change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence : remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule)

oxidizable

play \-ˌdī-zə-bəl\ adjective


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