oil

noun, often attributive
\ ˈȯi(-ə)l How to pronounce oil (audio) \

Definition of oil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : any of numerous unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or can be liquefied easily on warming, are soluble in ether but not in water, and leave a greasy stain on paper or cloth
b(1) : petroleum
(2) : the petroleum industry
2 : a substance (such as a cosmetic preparation) of oily consistency bath oil
3a : an oil color used by an artist
b : a painting done in oil colors
4 : unctuous or flattering speech

oil

verb

Definition of oil (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to smear, rub over, furnish, or lubricate with oil

intransitive verb

: to take on fuel oil
oil the hand or oil the palm
: bribe, tip

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Synonyms for oil

Synonyms: Noun

canvas (also canvass), oil painting, painting

Synonyms: Verb

grease, lubricate, slick, wax

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Examples of oil in a Sentence

Noun

The price of crude oil is expected to rise. We heat our house with oil. A little bit of oil will help lubricate the chain. Add a little oil to the pan and stir-fry the onions. The dressing is made with oil, vinegar, and a pinch of herbs.

Verb

He oiled the bearings of the machine. if you oil the machinery on a regular basis, it will operate more efficiently
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Walmart locations equipped with an Auto Center can help with mounting and balancing of the tires as well as other automotive maintenance services such as oil changes, battery service, and wiper-blade replacement. Drew Dorian, Car and Driver, "Walmart Offering Tires at Huge Discounts for Memorial Day," 20 May 2019 The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies are set to debate at least two scenarios that would increase oil production beyond current levels, according to people familiar with the discussions. Summer Said, WSJ, "OPEC Considers Two Scenarios to Adjust Oil Production," 18 May 2019 When the shirt was brand new, messier oil based stains such as chocolate sauce and ketchup left some residue before laundering, but after washing there was barely any sign of them. Emma Seymour, Good Housekeeping, "This White Shirt Claims to Repel Stains — But Does It Work?," 16 May 2019 In February, the 26-year-old, now based in L.A., debuted Orcé Cosmetics, a line of foundations designed to address the tone variety and issues common to Asian skin, such as sensitivity and higher oil production. Rawiya Kameir, Vogue, "After the Fenty Phenomenon, What’s Next for Inclusivity in Beauty?," 18 Mar. 2019 Demirovic adds that most of us get razor bumps where hair grows the thickest, like the face, neck, bikini area and underarms because thick hairs cause more irritation and oil production than finer hair. Audrey Noble, Harper's BAZAAR, "How To Get Rid Of Annoying Razor Bumps," 21 Feb. 2019 Sater had been involved in coal extraction and oil drilling ventures with Khrapunov’s family and attended Khrapunov’s 2007 wedding to Ablyazov’s daughter, the lawsuit said. Michael R. Sisak, The Seattle Times, "Lawsuit: Sater looked to launder cash through Trump projects," 25 Mar. 2019 Toss cucumbers with remaining Tbsp oil, remaining Tbsp lemon juice, and ¼ tsp each salt and pepper; toss with greens. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Pea Fritters with Shrimp Salad," 7 Mar. 2019 Best-suited for larger dogs, this oil is completely non-toxic, and its mouthwatering tinctures release a smoking scent that dogs love. Popular Mechanics, "4 Great Ways To Chill With CBD Oil," 14 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Lightly oil a large (10-by-15-inch) glass or metal baking dish. Arrange chicken, skin-side down, in dish. Adina Steiman, WSJ, "Eat Like a Model (And Still Be Satisfied)," 13 Sep. 2018 Dressed in a suit with pink tie, pocket handkerchief and sporting long hair, Gilfry seemed a kind of oily Elmer Gantry, further oiled by Aucoin's busily ingratiating chamber orchestra accompaniment. Mark Swed, latimes.com, "Walt Whitman's operatic America in 'Crossing' gets its West Coast premiere," 27 May 2018 And just like the stock market has eventually stopped doing what the president wants, so will oil prices. Emily Stewart, Vox, "Now that the stock market is down, Trump wants to take credit for oil prices," 27 Nov. 2018 And Kelly didn't have the calmest reaction to seeing her husband all oiled up — for everyone else to see. Cierra Williams, Good Housekeeping, "Kelly Ripa Flips Over Mark Consuelos's Latest 'Riverdale' Photo," 16 Nov. 2018 Consider these 10 serums, moisturizers, and oils your crash course in all-things bakuchiol. Karina Hoshikawa, Allure, "10 Skin-Care Products With Bakuchiol, aka the New Plant-Based Retinol Alternative," 26 Oct. 2018 In the latest iteration, Grenzke says the design team found solutions to problems wearers might never have considered, from the way that oils from sunscreen, sweat, and hair products break down the jacket’s laminate to hem creep. Heather Hansman, Outside Online, "How Arc'teryx Builds the World's Priciest Jackets," 25 Apr. 2018 Pita Taufatofua, the shirtless, oiled-up flag-bearing taekwondo competitor from Tonga who turned heads at the Summer Games in Rio two years ago is now trying his hand at being a cross-country skier. USA TODAY, "Bjoergen looks to extend dominance in cross country skiing," 11 Jan. 2018 Always Clean and Oil the Grill Grate Just Before Cooking To oil the grate, hold a wad of paper towels in tongs, then dip it in vegetable oil and run it over the hot, cleaned grate. Adam Ried, BostonGlobe.com, "Everything you need to know about using a charcoal grill," 29 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'oil.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of oil

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for oil

Noun

Middle English oile, from Anglo-French, from Latin oleum olive oil, from Greek elaion, from elaia olive

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Statistics for oil

Last Updated

23 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for oil

The first known use of oil was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for oil

oil

noun

English Language Learners Definition of oil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a thick, black liquid that comes from the ground and that is used in making various products (such as gasoline)
: a type of oil that is used as a fuel to produce heat or light
: a type of oil that makes the different parts in an engine, machine, etc., run smoothly

oil

verb

English Language Learners Definition of oil (Entry 2 of 2)

: to put oil in or on (something)

oil

noun
\ ˈȯil How to pronounce oil (audio) \

Kids Definition of oil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : any of numerous greasy usually liquid substances from plant, animal, or mineral sources that do not dissolve in water and are used especially as lubricants, fuels, and food
2 : petroleum
3 : paint made of pigments and oil
4 : a painting done in oils

oil

verb
oiled; oiling

Kids Definition of oil (Entry 2 of 2)

: to rub on or lubricate with a greasy substance

oil

noun
\ ˈȯi(ə)l How to pronounce oil (audio) \

Medical Definition of oil

1 : any of numerous unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or can be liquefied easily on warming, are soluble in ether but not in water, and leave a greasy stain on paper or cloth — see essential oil, fatty oil, volatile oil
2 : a substance (as a cosmetic preparation) of oily consistency bath oil

Other Words from oil

oil adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on oil

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with oil

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for oil

Spanish Central: Translation of oil

Nglish: Translation of oil for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of oil for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about oil

Comments on oil

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