nitrate

noun
ni·​trate | \ˈnī-ˌtrāt, -trət\

Definition of nitrate 

1 : a salt or ester of nitric acid

2 : sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate used as a fertilizer

Examples of nitrate in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

In a side room occupied by two goats, the Afghans found a homemade grenade fashioned out of ammonium-nitrate explosives in a blue Party Extreme energy-drink can. Michael M. Phillips, WSJ, "‘I Think I’ve Been Shot’: Nighttime Raid in Afghanistan Reveals New U.S. Strategy," 5 Dec. 2018 It's created from chemical reactions involving nitrates, nitrites, and other proteins, Rowena N. Schwartz, Pharm. Korin Miller, SELF, "Common Blood Pressure Medications Containing Valsartan Recalled Over 'Impurity' Concerns," 17 July 2018 Going from plutonium nitrate to a finished bomb core had proven to be a major challenge for the metallurgists at Los Alamos Laboratory. Julian G. West, The Atlantic, "The Atomic-Bomb Core That Escaped World War II," 2 Apr. 2018 There was more pollution in the summer; the scientists monitored atmospheric levels of chemicals, including nitrates and sulphates, in addition to microbes. Diana Gitig, Ars Technica, "Ahh, summer—ramlibacter season," 14 Nov. 2018 Come stay at Chemistry Cat Inn: Great day rates and even better nitrates. James Geary, WSJ, "So a Computer Walks Into a Bar…," 21 Sep. 2018 Eventually, the phosphorus and nitrates reach the lake and feed the pervasive and harmful algae blooms. James F. Mccarty, cleveland.com, "Lake Erie's Western Basin "impaired," ending years of resistence by Kasich administration," 22 Mar. 2018 Red Beets Beets are high in nitrates, which our bodies use to make nitric oxide, which in turn signals blood vessels to relax, helping widen the arteries and increase circulation, bringing more oxygen to hardworking muscles. Sara Angle, Outside Online, "Athletes, Stock Up on This Powerhouse Summer Produce," 22 June 2018 In many communities, people drink, shower, cook and wash dishes with water containing excessive amounts of pollutants, including arsenic, nitrate and uranium. Phillip Reese, sacbee, "Does your water district fail to comply with drinking water standards?," 1 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'nitrate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of nitrate

1788, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for nitrate

French, from nitrique

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Statistics for nitrate

Last Updated

14 Dec 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for nitrate

The first known use of nitrate was in 1788

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More Definitions for nitrate

nitrate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of nitrate

: a chemical compound that contains oxygen and nitrogen and that is used in fertilizer

nitrate

noun
ni·​trate | \ˈnī-ˌtrāt \

Kids Definition of nitrate

: a substance that is made from or similar in composition to nitric acid

nitrate

noun
ni·​trate | \ˈnī-ˌtrāt, -trət \

Medical Definition of nitrate 

: a salt or ester of nitric acid

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More from Merriam-Webster on nitrate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with nitrate

Spanish Central: Translation of nitrate

Nglish: Translation of nitrate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about nitrate

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