abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt How to pronounce abate (audio) \
abated; abating

Definition of abate

intransitive verb

1 : to decrease in force or intensity waiting for the storm to abate
2a : to become defeated or become null or void (as of a writ or appeal)
b : to decrease in amount or value The legacies abated proportionately.

transitive verb

1a : to put an end to abate a nuisance
b : nullify sense 1 abate a writ
2a : to reduce in degree or intensity : moderate may abate their rancor to win peace
b : to reduce in value or amount : to make less especially by way of relief abate a tax
3 : deduct, omit abate part of the price
4a : to beat down or cut away so as to leave a figure in relief
b obsolete : blunt

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Other Words from abate

abater noun

Choose the Right Synonym for abate

abate, subside, wane, ebb mean to die down in force or intensity. abate stresses the idea of progressive diminishing. the storm abated subside implies the ceasing of turbulence or agitation. the protests subsided after a few days wane suggests the fading or weakening of something good or impressive. waning enthusiasm ebb suggests the receding of something (such as the tide) that commonly comes and goes. the ebbing of daylight

synonyms see in addition decrease

Examples of abate in a Sentence

For a while, in the Cold War's aftermath, the public fascination for espionage may abate, though somehow I doubt it. — John le Carré, Boston Globe, 19 Nov. 1989 At about six, as the heat abated, people began to crowd the streets and marketplaces, and to fill the cafés. — Milton Viorst, New Yorker, 12 Oct. 1987 But his attitude of sullen grievance and simmering fury never abated fully. — Joseph Heller, God Knows, 1984 We waited for the wind to abate. interest in the author's home abated as her novels waned in popularity
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Recent Examples on the Web But in late fall, the crowds begin to abate, as do scorching temps and unpredictable weather, like monsoons and flash flooding. Kate Wertheimer, Sunset Magazine, "National Parks Will Be Free These Five Days in 2020–Here’s Where to Go When," 17 Jan. 2020 The impeachment vote could delay the imposition of sanctions against Russia as fresh restrictions are unlikely to be put forward until after the political storm abates in the United States. NBC News, "Russia's Putin fields media questions at annual marathon press conference," 19 Dec. 2019 The state had presented the judge with a plan to abate the crisis that would have cost between $12.6 billion for 20 years to $17.5 billion over 30 years. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Johnson & Johnson appeals Oklahoma’s $572M opioid ruling," 26 Sep. 2019 This week's clashes highlighted the hardening positions of pro-democracy protesters and the authorities, which show no sign of abating as long as the government continues to refuse calls for dialogue. Fox News, "Chinese diplomat warns Beijing ‘will not sit on its hands’; military runs drills near Hong Kong border," 15 Aug. 2019 In newborns, these symptoms can abate in a few days even without treatment or may require hospital stays for treatment. Korin Miller, SELF, "What to Know About Getting Pregnant If You Take Antipsychotics," 17 Jan. 2019 The global auto industry is in a deep recession, which shows little signs of abating. Hanna Ziady, CNN, "Global carmakers and luxury brands hit as virus shuts down China's 'motor city'," 23 Jan. 2020 California Governor Gavin Newsom wants to spend a billion more dollars on programs aimed at getting people off the streets, as the state's homeless crisis shows no sign of abating. CBS News, "California governor orders agencies to find land for homeless shelters," 9 Jan. 2020 The announcement highlights the toll of more than a decade of extraordinary violence in Mexico, which shows no sign of abating. Mary Beth Sheridan, BostonGlobe.com, "More than 60,000 Mexicans have been ‘disappeared’ amid drug war, officials say," 6 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abate

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for abate

Middle English abaten, borrowed from Anglo-French abatre "to strike down, fell, reduce, put an end to," from a-, prefix in transitive verbs (going back to Latin ad- ad-) + batre "to beat," going back to Latin battuere, of uncertain origin

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Time Traveler for abate

Time Traveler

The first known use of abate was in the 14th century

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Statistics for abate

Last Updated

15 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Abate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abate. Accessed 24 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for abate

abate

verb
How to pronounce abate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of abate

: to become weaker : to decrease in strength

abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt How to pronounce abate (audio) \
abated; abating

Kids Definition of abate

: to make or become less The flood abated slowly.

Other Words from abate

abatement \ -​mənt \ noun The noise continued without abatement.

abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt How to pronounce abate (audio) \
abated; abating

Legal Definition of abate

transitive verb

1a : to put an end to or do away with abate a nuisance
b : to make void : nullify abate an action
2 : to reduce in amount especially proportionately abate a tax

intransitive verb

1 : to become defeated or become null or void when a public officer who is a party to an appeal…in an official capacity dies…the action does not abateFederal Rules of Appellate Procedure Rule 43
2 : to decrease in amount or value the legacies abated proportionately

Note: A problem arises in estate law when the amount of the bequests and devises made in a will exceeds the assets available in the estate. In such a case, some or all of the bequests and devises may have to be abated to make up the deficit. Under the Uniform Probate Code, property in the estate that is not given under the will abates first, residuary devises abate second, general devises abate third, and specific devises abate last.

History and Etymology for abate

Old French abattre, literally, to knock down, from a-, prefix stressing result + battre to beat

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More from Merriam-Webster on abate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for abate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with abate

Spanish Central: Translation of abate

Nglish: Translation of abate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of abate for Arabic Speakers

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