neutrophil

adjective
neu·​tro·​phil | \ ˈnü-trə-ˌfil How to pronounce neutrophil (audio) , ˈnyü- \
variants: or neutrophilic \ ˌnü-​trə-​ˈfi-​lik How to pronounce neutrophilic (audio) , ˌnyü-​ \

Definition of neutrophil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: staining to the same degree with acid or basic dyes neutrophil granulocytes

neutrophil

noun

Definition of neutrophil (Entry 2 of 2)

: a granulocyte that is the chief phagocytic white blood cell of the blood

Examples of neutrophil in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective And vaping may interfere with neutrophil function, some studies suggest. Tanya Lewis, Scientific American, "Smoking or Vaping May Increase the Risk of a Severe Coronavirus Infection," 17 Mar. 2020 More than 10 years ago, such disease links prompted some companies to begin to develop compounds that inhibit neutrophil elastase. Mitch Leslie, Science | AAAS, "New drugs aim to disarm the immune system’s ‘atomic bomb’ cells," 5 Mar. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The innate immune system, composed of white blood cells such as macrophages, natural killer cells and neutrophils, was supposed to have no such memory. Jop De Vrieze, Science | AAAS, "Can a century-old TB vaccine steel the immune system against the new coronavirus?," 23 Mar. 2020 The group of immune cells that surge during and after short bouts of exercise, which include neutrophils and natural-killer cells, serve as our frontline defense against invading viruses. Katarina Zimmer, Outside Online, "Supporting Your Immune System Is Simple," 27 Mar. 2020 Ahrenhoerster is so low on neutrophils that her body can't defend itself against the virus. Jim Higgins, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "She's a public health manager. She's waiting for a transplant. So she knows how dangerous coronavirus is.," 20 Mar. 2020 The cells patrol the bloodstream and wage war on pathogens, and their defensive role is so vital that people who lose their neutrophils in the course of cancer treatment can die from infections. Rodrigo Pérez Ortega, Science | AAAS, "Top stories: Bungled coronavirus testing, disarming ‘atomic bomb’ cells, and jet stream blocking," 6 Mar. 2020 Afterwards, participants experienced increased neutrophils, a type of aggressive white blood cell, in both their lungs and circulation. Popular Science, "We know wildfire smoke affects our health, but the long-term consequences are hazy," 13 Jan. 2020 One of the first responders to microbial invaders is a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "Here’s What It Means If You Have Yellow Mucus," 15 Mar. 2019 When super-concentrated, these green neutrophils can make your mucus appear straight-up verdant. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "Here’s What It Means If You Have Yellow Mucus," 15 Mar. 2019 The initial immune response involves cells of the body’s innate immune system, such as macrophages and neutrophils. Laura Haynes, Washington Post, "How the flu hijacks your body to make you feel so wretched," 17 Feb. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'neutrophil.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of neutrophil

Adjective

circa 1890, in the meaning defined above

Noun

1897, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for neutrophil

Adjective

International Scientific Vocabulary neutro- (from Latin neutr-, neuter neither) + -phil

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Time Traveler for neutrophil

Time Traveler

The first known use of neutrophil was circa 1890

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Cite this Entry

“Neutrophil.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/neutrophil. Accessed 27 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for neutrophil

neutrophil

adjective
neu·​tro·​phil | \ ˈn(y)ü-trə-ˌfil How to pronounce neutrophil (audio) \
variants: or neutrophilic \ ˌn(y)ü-​trə-​ˈfil-​ik How to pronounce neutrophilic (audio) \ also neutrophile \ ˈn(y)ü-​trə-​ˌfīl How to pronounce neutrophile (audio) \

Medical Definition of neutrophil

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: staining to the same degree with acid or basic dyes neutrophil granulocytes

neutrophil

noun
variants: also neutrophile

Medical Definition of neutrophil (Entry 2 of 2)

: a granulocyte that is the chief phagocytic white blood cell

More from Merriam-Webster on neutrophil

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about neutrophil

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