neutrophil

1 of 2

adjective

neu·​tro·​phil ˈnü-trə-ˌfil How to pronounce neutrophil (audio)
ˈnyü-
variants or neutrophilic
: staining to the same degree with acid or basic dyes
neutrophil granulocytes

neutrophil

2 of 2

noun

: a granulocyte that is the chief phagocytic white blood cell of the blood

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
This suggests that coronaviruses induce an abnormal immune response that causes hyper inflammation and distorted neutrophil cells. William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 9 Apr. 2022 Alpha defensins are further classified into human neutrophil peptides (HNPs) or human defensins (HDs). William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 26 Mar. 2022 There are four forms of human neutrophil peptides (HNP 1-4) and 2 forms of human defensins (HD 5-6). William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 26 Mar. 2022 One of the first responders to microbial invaders is a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, 9 Nov. 2021 One of the first responders to microbial invaders is a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, 9 Nov. 2021 The morphological changes that dichty’s undergo also occurs in many of the cells of the human body, including a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil. Jen Christiansen, Scientific American, 21 May 2013 The innate immune system, composed of white blood cells such as macrophages, natural killer cells and neutrophils, was supposed to have no such memory. Jop De Vrieze, Science | AAAS, 23 Mar. 2020 The group of immune cells that surge during and after short bouts of exercise, which include neutrophils and natural-killer cells, serve as our frontline defense against invading viruses. Katarina Zimmer, Outside Online, 27 Mar. 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'neutrophil.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Adjective

International Scientific Vocabulary neutro- (from Latin neutr-, neuter neither) + -phil

First Known Use

Adjective

circa 1890, in the meaning defined above

Noun

1897, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of neutrophil was circa 1890

Dictionary Entries Near neutrophil

Cite this Entry

“Neutrophil.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/neutrophil. Accessed 6 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

neutrophil

noun

neu·​tro·​phil
ˈn(y)ü-trə-ˌfil
: a cell with fine grains in it that is the white blood cell doing most of the work in collecting and taking in stray and foreign matter

Medical Definition

neutrophil 1 of 2

adjective

neu·​tro·​phil ˈn(y)ü-trə-ˌfil How to pronounce neutrophil (audio)
variants or neutrophilic also neutrophile
: staining to the same degree with acid or basic dyes
neutrophil granulocytes

neutrophil

2 of 2

noun

variants also neutrophile
: a granulocyte that is the chief phagocytic white blood cell

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