min·​er·​al·​o·​gy ˌmi-nə-ˈrä-lə-jē How to pronounce mineralogy (audio) -ˈra- How to pronounce mineralogy (audio)
: a science dealing with minerals, their crystallography, properties, classification, and the ways of distinguishing them
: the mineralogical characteristics of an area, a rock, or a rock formation
mineralogical adjective
or less commonly mineralogic
mineralogically adverb

Examples of mineralogy in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Curator at Music and Museums; Museum of Evolution; Palaeontology and mineralogy. Paul Smaglik, Discover Magazine, 19 June 2024 With panoramic cameras, a microscopic imager, a rock abrasion tool, and three different spectrometers, the rovers made many discoveries about the geology and mineralogy of Mars. IEEE Spectrum, 30 Dec. 2010 Five science instruments mapped Bennu's chemistry and mineralogy, to determine the effect of sunlight on the asteroid's orbit. George Petras, USA TODAY, 19 Jan. 2024 Experts can tell where Moon and Mars rocks come from by their geology and mineralogy. Chris Impey, Discover Magazine, 27 Oct. 2023 Oppenheimer was born in New York, in 1904 to German immigrant and wealthy textile importer, Julius Oppenheimer and painter Ella Friedman Oppenheimer, according to the National Parks Service, which described him as a quiet child, studying mineralogy and writing poetry. Isabelle Butera, USA TODAY, 13 July 2023 Originally developed for mineralogy, polarized light microscopy is used to inspect liquid crystals and polymers. Discover Magazine, 23 Feb. 2018 In 1883, an agate specimen measuring 15 centimeters from central India was registered in a mineralogy collection at the Natural History Museum in London. Jordan Mendoza, USA TODAY, 3 Apr. 2023 In traditional mineralogy, experts define minerals as solid substances with a distinctive chemical composition and a crystalline atomic arrangement. Sam Walters, Discover Magazine, 1 July 2022

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'mineralogy.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


probably from New Latin *mineralogia, irregular from Medieval Latin minerale + Latin -logia -logy

First Known Use

1661, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of mineralogy was in 1661

Dictionary Entries Near mineralogy

Cite this Entry

“Mineralogy.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mineralogy. Accessed 16 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition


min·​er·​al·​o·​gy ˌmin-ə-ˈräl-ə-jē How to pronounce mineralogy (audio) -ˈral- How to pronounce mineralogy (audio)
: a science dealing with the characteristics and classification of minerals
mineralogical adjective
mineralogically adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on mineralogy

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