min·​er·​al·​o·​gy | \ˌmi-nə-ˈrä-lə-jē, -ˈra- \

Definition of mineralogy 

1 : a science dealing with minerals, their crystallography, properties, classification, and the ways of distinguishing them

2 : the mineralogical characteristics of an area, a rock, or a rock formation

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Other Words from mineralogy

mineralogical \ˌmi-​nə-​rə-​ˈlä-​ji-​kəl, ˌmin-​rə-​ \ or less commonly mineralogic \-​ˈlä-​jik \ adjective
mineralogically \-​ˈlä-​ji-​k(ə-​)lē \ adverb
mineralogist \ˌmi-​nə-​ˈrä-​lə-​jist, -​ˈra-​ \ noun

Examples of mineralogy in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Scientists already had little doubt that there was, at one point, liquid water on Mars, thanks to tiny spherical deposits discovered by the Opportunity rover in 2004 and the comprehensive mineralogy studies conducted by the Curiosity rover. Jay Bennett, Popular Mechanics, "Underground Lake of Liquid Water Detected on Mars," 25 July 2018 One test found that the dust's mineralogy is consistent with the known composition of lunar soil. Kristine Phillips, ajc, "Neil Armstrong gave her a vial of moon dust, she says. She's suing so NASA won't take it.," 12 June 2018 After teaching mineralogy at Tufts for two years, she was offered a job researching meteorites at Harvard before joining the Smithsonian observatory in 1961. Richard Sandomir, New York Times, "Ursula Marvin, Geologist of the Extraterrestrial, Dies at 96," 9 Mar. 2018 The Mars 2020 team will continue to analyze surface composition data from orbiters such as the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) to ultimately select one of these sites based on mineralogy and the potential for habitability. Jay Bennett, Popular Mechanics, "U.S. and China Both Want to Launch a Mars Sample Return Mission Before 2030," 28 Dec. 2017 In addition to changes in the rock structure and mineralogy of the field, the field may also be subject to variations in water inflow (changes in rainfall). Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Plugging in to a volcano: Geothermal power and the science that enables it," 11 Oct. 2017 Trends in rhyolite geochemistry, mineralogy, and magma storage during the last 50 kyr at Okataina and Taupo volcanic centres, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Erik Klemetti, WIRED, "The 1886 Eruption of Mt. Tarawera, New Zealand," 10 Feb. 2011

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'mineralogy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of mineralogy

1661, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for mineralogy

probably from New Latin *mineralogia, irregular from Medieval Latin minerale + Latin -logia -logy

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Last Updated

17 Nov 2018

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Time Traveler for mineralogy

The first known use of mineralogy was in 1661

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English Language Learners Definition of mineralogy

: the scientific study of minerals

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More from Merriam-Webster on mineralogy

Spanish Central: Translation of mineralogy

Nglish: Translation of mineralogy for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about mineralogy

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