\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Definition of midge

: a tiny dipteran fly (such as a chironomid)

Examples of midge in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In 2007, the bluetongue virus—a disease spread by midge bites—began to sweep through herds of sheep and cattle across Europe. Popular Science, "Vets, farmers, and zookeepers can help prevent the next pandemic," 20 May 2020 People can think that because of their small size, midges are baby mayflies. Emily Bamforth, cleveland, "Keep your eye out for midges! 5 facts about the plumed flies," 19 May 2020 The riverbottom is home to huge numbers of scuds and larvae from midges, caddis, stones, and mayflies. John B. Snow, Outdoor Life, "The Godfather of Montana’s Bighorn River," 28 Apr. 2020 Adults live only about a month, hunting flies, mosquitos, and midges. National Geographic, "Dragonflies," 28 Apr. 2020 In fact, since some species of midges are designed for frigid water, trout sometimes eat them right through the winter. Morgan Lyle, Field & Stream, "9 Simple Flies for Catching Early-Season Trout," 30 Mar. 2020 Yet perhaps the only animal wholly protected by the treaty is the continent’s single native insect, a flightless midge that can survive partial freezing—an antipodal analogue of the Arctic’s woolly bear moth. Lucy Jakub, Harper's magazine, "A View to a Krill," 2 Mar. 2020 Flies and Gnats An infestation of houseflies, gnats, fruit flies, midges and other flying insects is best remedied by a multi-level approach. Joseph Truini, Popular Mechanics, "How To Get Rid of Common House Pests," 17 Feb. 2020 These are perfect conditions for midges to hatch and cluster. John Fedorka, Field & Stream, "The 6 Best Fly Patterns for Winter Trout," 3 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'midge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of midge

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for midge

Middle English migge, from Old English mycg; akin to Old High German mucka midge, Greek myia fly, Latin musca

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Time Traveler for midge

Time Traveler

The first known use of midge was before the 12th century

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Cite this Entry

“Midge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/midge. Accessed 9 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for midge



English Language Learners Definition of midge

: a very small flying insect that bites people and animals


\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Kids Definition of midge

: a very small fly : gnat


\ ˈmij How to pronounce midge (audio) \

Medical Definition of midge

: any of numerous tiny dipteran flies (especially families Ceratopogonidae, Cecidomyiidae, and Chironomidae) many of which are capable of giving painful bites and some of which are vectors or intermediate hosts of parasites of humans and various other vertebrates — see biting midge

More from Merriam-Webster on midge

Nglish: Translation of midge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about midge

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