jovial

adjective
jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) , -vyəl \

Definition of jovial

1 : characterized by good-humored cheerfulness and conviviality : jolly a jovial host a jovial welcome spent a jovial evening together
2 capitalized : of or relating to Jove

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Other Words from jovial

joviality \ ˌjō-​vē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce jovial (audio) \ noun
jovially \ ˈjō-​vē-​ə-​lē How to pronounce jovial (audio) , -​vyə-​ \ adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for jovial

merry, blithe, jocund, jovial, jolly mean showing high spirits or lightheartedness. merry suggests cheerful, joyous, uninhibited enjoyment of frolic or festivity. a merry group of revelers blithe suggests carefree, innocent, or even heedless gaiety. arrived late in his usual blithe way jocund stresses elation and exhilaration of spirits. singing, dancing, and jocund feasting jovial suggests the stimulation of conviviality and good fellowship. dinner put them in a jovial mood jolly suggests high spirits expressed in laughing, bantering, and jesting. our jolly host enlivened the party

Jovial and Birth Dates

Jupiter, also called Jove, was the chief Roman god and was considered a majestic, authoritative type—just the kind of god to name a massive planet like Jupiter for. Our word jovial comes by way of Middle French from the Late Latin adjective jovialis, meaning "of or relating to Jove." When English speakers first picked up jovial in the late 16th century, it was a term of astrology used to describe those born under the influence of Jupiter, which, as a natal planet, was believed to impart joy and happiness. They soon began applying jovial to folks who shared the good-natured character of Jupiter, regardless of their birth date.

Examples of jovial in a Sentence

In response, an infuriating wink: Alsana always likes to appear jovial at the very moment that her interlocutor becomes hot under the collar. — Zadie Smith, White Teeth, 2001 I felt I was slumming, in my own life. My task was to ward off the drivel … the jovial claptrap of classmates and teachers, the maddening bromides I heard at home. — Susan Sontag, New Yorker, 21 Dec. 1987 For, the people who were shovelling away on the housetops were jovial and full of glee; calling out to one another from the parapets, and now and then exchanging a facetious snowball … — Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol, 1843 The audience was in a jovial mood. He's a very jovial man.
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Recent Examples on the Web Remembered as a jovial and kind person, he was said to enjoy making chai for his coworkers on lunch breaks. Shwanika Narayan, San Francisco Chronicle, 5 June 2021 Once jovial and active, his father is now confined to a nursing home and has suffered weight loss, irritability and delusions. New York Times, 4 June 2021 The jovial Ohioan got a little riled early, but then bounced back and put on an impressive display of big drives, solid putting and resilience, grabbing his second PGA Tour title by finishing at 14 under for the four-round event. Tim Schmitt, The Enquirer, 30 May 2021 But during our Zoom call last December, the Maryland swimmer and recent Stanford graduate was relaxed and jovial, smiling ear-to-ear. Andy Frye, Forbes, 28 May 2021 Several employees told investigators that Cornelius was generally jovial and conversational at work. Elliot Hughes, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 13 May 2021 Last year, however, Chris Cuomo interviewed Andrew Cuomo in a series of largely jovial primetime conversations focusing on the governor’s response to the coronavirus. Joe Walsh, Forbes, 20 May 2021 A few minutes later, a jovial walrus of a man with a massive potbelly, impressive jowls, and a thick gray mustache pulled up in a golf cart. Mark Synnott, Wired, 13 Apr. 2021 Andrews described her grandson as a smart, jovial and loving boy. Adam Ferrise, cleveland, 4 May 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'jovial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of jovial

1592, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Last Updated

12 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Jovial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/jovial. Accessed 15 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for jovial

jovial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of jovial

: full of happiness and joy

jovial

adjective
jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) \

Kids Definition of jovial

Other Words from jovial

jovially adverb

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