jovial

adjective
jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) , -vyəl\

Definition of jovial

1 : markedly good-humored especially as evidenced by cheerfulness and conviviality : jolly a jovial host a jovial welcome
2 capitalized : of or relating to Jove

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Other Words from jovial

joviality \ ˌjō-​vē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce joviality (audio) \ noun
jovially \ ˈjō-​vē-​ə-​lē How to pronounce jovially (audio) , -​vyə-​ \ adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for jovial

merry, blithe, jocund, jovial, jolly mean showing high spirits or lightheartedness. merry suggests cheerful, joyous, uninhibited enjoyment of frolic or festivity. a merry group of revelers blithe suggests carefree, innocent, or even heedless gaiety. arrived late in his usual blithe way jocund stresses elation and exhilaration of spirits. singing, dancing, and jocund feasting jovial suggests the stimulation of conviviality and good fellowship. dinner put them in a jovial mood jolly suggests high spirits expressed in laughing, bantering, and jesting. our jolly host enlivened the party

Jovial and Birth Dates

Jupiter, also called Jove, was the chief Roman god and was considered a majestic, authoritative type—just the kind of god to name a massive planet like Jupiter for. Our word jovial comes by way of Middle French from the Late Latin adjective jovialis, meaning "of or relating to Jove." When English speakers first picked up jovial in the late 16th century, it was a term of astrology used to describe those born under the influence of Jupiter, which, as a natal planet, was believed to impart joy and happiness. They soon began applying jovial to folks who shared the good-natured character of Jupiter, regardless of their birth date.

Examples of jovial in a Sentence

In response, an infuriating wink: Alsana always likes to appear jovial at the very moment that her interlocutor becomes hot under the collar. — Zadie Smith, White Teeth, 2001 I felt I was slumming, in my own life. My task was to ward off the drivel … the jovial claptrap of classmates and teachers, the maddening bromides I heard at home. — Susan Sontag, New Yorker, 21 Dec. 1987 For, the people who were shovelling away on the housetops were jovial and full of glee; calling out to one another from the parapets, and now and then exchanging a facetious snowball … — Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol, 1843 The audience was in a jovial mood. He's a very jovial man.
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Recent Examples on the Web

His jovial nature, ease with the masses and opposition to strongman Alberto Fujimori helped him clinch the presidency in 2001. Washington Post, "Lawyer calls ex-Peruvian president’s US detention ‘inhumane’," 23 Aug. 2019 Mister Mort aka Mordechai Rubenstein, everyone’s favorite jovial mensch and street style photographer, wore a monogrammed white polo shirt and a pair of rainbow tinged seersucker pants. Vogue, "Thom Browne and FarFetch Host a Fantastical Seersucker Picnic at NeueHouse," 23 Aug. 2019 The crowd is jovial, chatty, turned on by the spectacle of all this. Chris Erskinecolumnist, Los Angeles Times, "Have a California moment at Neptune’s Net, a landmark seafood shack in Malibu," 8 Aug. 2019 The condition can make for a hellacious existence, even though during our recent two-hour phone conversation Hawkins was warm, generous and jovial. Matt Wake | Mwake@al.com, al, "Swampers drum legend’s hot beats and cold winter," 7 Aug. 2019 The jovial atmosphere is buoyed by a copious supply of local wine with food pairings. Meghan Miner Murray, National Geographic, "9 Bastille Day bashes that celebrate French culture," 12 July 2019 Perhaps one of the most jovial and confident players from Auburn’s Final Four team might try and change that — at least in the NBA Summer League. Sam Blum | Sblum@al.com, al.com, "Auburn’s Malik Dunbar to play for Golden State Warriors in NBA Summer League," 26 June 2019 In this jovial atmosphere, Manic Street Preachers made an album that elevated deep thought to something like a moral imperative. Longreads, "Manic Street Preachers’ Album The Holy Bible," 25 June 2019 Iceman - Jonathan Groff The youngest of the original X-Men and the most jovial, Bobby Drake could be the world’s most powerful mutant. Richard Newby, The Hollywood Reporter, "Who Can Play the X-Men Now?," 7 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'jovial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of jovial

1592, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Statistics for jovial

Last Updated

6 Sep 2019

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Time Traveler for jovial

The first known use of jovial was in 1592

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More Definitions for jovial

jovial

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of jovial

: full of happiness and joy

jovial

adjective
jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) \

Kids Definition of jovial

Other Words from jovial

jovially adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on jovial

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for jovial

Spanish Central: Translation of jovial

Nglish: Translation of jovial for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of jovial for Arabic Speakers

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