jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) , -vyəl \

Definition of jovial

1 : characterized by good-humored cheerfulness and conviviality : jolly a jovial host a jovial welcome spent a jovial evening together
2 capitalized : of or relating to Jove

Other Words from jovial

joviality \ ˌjō-​vē-​ˈa-​lə-​tē How to pronounce jovial (audio) \ noun
jovially \ ˈjō-​vē-​ə-​lē How to pronounce jovial (audio) , -​vyə-​ \ adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for jovial

merry, blithe, jocund, jovial, jolly mean showing high spirits or lightheartedness. merry suggests cheerful, joyous, uninhibited enjoyment of frolic or festivity. a merry group of revelers blithe suggests carefree, innocent, or even heedless gaiety. arrived late in his usual blithe way jocund stresses elation and exhilaration of spirits. singing, dancing, and jocund feasting jovial suggests the stimulation of conviviality and good fellowship. dinner put them in a jovial mood jolly suggests high spirits expressed in laughing, bantering, and jesting. our jolly host enlivened the party

Jovial and Birth Dates

In Roman astrology, planets were named after gods, and people were thought to share the personality traits of the god whose planet was rising when they were born. Jupiter, also called Jove, was the chief Roman god and was considered a majestic type who was the source of joy and happiness. The Latin adjective jovialis means "of or relating to Jove." In French, this had become jovial, which English borrowed and used to describe people and things full of cheer or joy.

Examples of jovial in a Sentence

In response, an infuriating wink: Alsana always likes to appear jovial at the very moment that her interlocutor becomes hot under the collar. — Zadie Smith, White Teeth, 2001 I felt I was slumming, in my own life. My task was to ward off the drivel … the jovial claptrap of classmates and teachers, the maddening bromides I heard at home. — Susan Sontag, New Yorker, 21 Dec. 1987 For, the people who were shovelling away on the housetops were jovial and full of glee; calling out to one another from the parapets, and now and then exchanging a facetious snowball … — Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol, 1843 The audience was in a jovial mood. He's a very jovial man.
Recent Examples on the Web Every week, 88-year-old Stephen Straus filled the seat with his jovial personality, making fast friends with strangers at the fixture in Highland Park, Illinois. Holly Yan, CNN, 10 July 2022 Any claims some Republicans have made that the attack was really just a jovial tourist visit have been dashed. Bill Goodykoontz, The Arizona Republic, 7 July 2022 In Season 3, the Duffer Brothers killed off Alexei, a jovial Russian who was trying to help Hopper, Joyce and Murray stop the bad guys. Erik Kain, Forbes, 6 July 2022 Some of the participants, like Misba Khan, a jovial Pakistani-British mother and Muslim chaplain, have zero experience in such endeavors; but her compassion and sense of humor prove a key to the mission’s success. Peter Keough,, 16 June 2022 Vulcan and Vesta, The World Games mascots, milled about in jovial silence, waving, hugging people, and shaking hands. al, 4 June 2022 There were smiles abound and a jovial mood in the air after what has been a tough period for the country. NBC News, 2 June 2022 Rock Creek Hills’ enthusiastic spirit goes beyond jovial lawn decorations. Olivia Mccormack, Washington Post, 1 June 2022 Meanwhile, Lipari is set to portray Bobby, a jovial and well-meaning bartender, while Peltz will play the heartthrob Derek. Wilson Chapman, Variety, 2 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'jovial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of jovial

1592, in the meaning defined at sense 2

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Last Updated

11 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Jovial.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 13 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for jovial


jo·​vial | \ ˈjō-vē-əl How to pronounce jovial (audio) \

Kids Definition of jovial

Other Words from jovial

jovially adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on jovial

Nglish: Translation of jovial for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of jovial for Arabic Speakers


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