inhibit

verb

in·​hib·​it in-ˈhi-bət How to pronounce inhibit (audio)
inhibited; inhibiting; inhibits

transitive verb

1
: to prohibit from doing something
2
a
: to hold in check : restrain
b
: to discourage from free or spontaneous activity especially through the operation of inner psychological or external social constraints
inhibitive adjective
inhibitory adjective
Choose the Right Synonym for inhibit

forbid, prohibit, interdict, inhibit mean to debar one from doing something or to order that something not be done.

forbid implies that the order is from one in authority and that obedience is expected.

smoking is forbidden in the building

prohibit suggests the issuing of laws, statutes, or regulations.

prohibited the sale of liquor

interdict implies prohibition by civil or ecclesiastical authority usually for a given time or a declared purpose.

practices interdicted by the church

inhibit implies restraints or restrictions that amount to prohibitions, not only by authority but also by the exigencies of the time or situation.

conditions inhibiting the growth of free trade

Examples of inhibit in a Sentence

You shouldn't allow fear of failure to inhibit you. He was inhibited by modesty. Fear can inhibit people from expressing their opinions. drugs that are used to inhibit infection Strict laws are inhibiting economic growth.
Recent Examples on the Web The therapy involved a combination of two drugs: one is harmine, a natural molecule found in certain plants, which works to inhibit an enzyme called DYRK1A found in beta cells. Michael Irving, New Atlas, 14 July 2024 Gratitude can inhibit these uncomfortable feelings. Juli Fraga, Washington Post, 14 July 2024 Having these items locked up at schools and not consistently in the hands of students only inhibits learning and the ability for the district to earn an A rating. John Christopher Canter, Sun Sentinel, 11 July 2024 Vitamin E is also required for immune function and helps support heart health by inhibiting blood clots and preventing the oxidation of LDL cholesterol. Jillian Kubala, Rd, Health, 10 July 2024 See all Example Sentences for inhibit 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'inhibit.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English, from Latin inhibitus, past participle of inhibēre, from in- in- entry 2 + habēre to have — more at habit entry 1

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of inhibit was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near inhibit

Cite this Entry

“Inhibit.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/inhibit. Accessed 19 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition

inhibit

verb
in·​hib·​it in-ˈhib-ət How to pronounce inhibit (audio)
1
: to prevent or hold back from doing something : restrain, repress
fear can inhibit the natural expression of feelings
2
: to prevent or slow down the activity or occurrence of
oil inhibits rust
a drug which inhibits an infection
inhibitor
-ət-ər
noun
inhibitory
-ə-ˌtōr-ē How to pronounce inhibit (audio)
-ˌtȯr-
adjective

Medical Definition

inhibit

transitive verb
in·​hib·​it in-ˈhib-ət How to pronounce inhibit (audio)
1
a
: to restrain from free or spontaneous activity especially through the operation of inner psychological or external social constraints
an inhibited person
b
: to check or restrain the force or vitality of
inhibit aggressive tendencies
2
a
: to reduce or suppress the activity of
a presynaptic neuron can not only excite a postsynaptic neuron but can also inhibit itH. W. Kendler
b
: to retard or prevent the formation of
c
: to retard, interfere with, or prevent (a process or reaction)
inhibit ovulation

More from Merriam-Webster on inhibit

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