infer vs. imply
Sir Thomas More is the first writer known to have used both infer and imply in their approved senses in 1528 (with infer meaning “to deduce from facts” and imply meaning “to hint at”). He is also the first to have used infer in a sense close in meaning to imply (1533). Both of these uses of infer coexisted without comment until some time around the end of World War I. Since then, the “indicate” and “hint or suggest” meanings of infer have been frequently condemned as an undesirable blurring of a useful distinction. The actual blurring has been done by the commentators. The “indicate” sense of infer, descended from More's use of 1533, does not occur with a personal subject. When objections arose, they were to a use with a personal subject (which is now considered a use of the “suggest, hint” sense of infer). Since dictionaries did not recognize this use specifically, the objectors assumed that the “indicate” sense was the one they found illogical, even though it had been in respectable use for four centuries. The actual usage condemned was a spoken one never used in logical discourse. At present the condemned “suggest, hint” sense is found in print chiefly in letters to the editor and other informal prose, not in serious intellectual writing. The controversy over the “suggest, hint” sense has apparently reduced the frequency with which the “indicate” sense of infer is used.
Examples of imply in a Sentence
Early reports implied that the judge's death was not an accident.
His words implied a threat.
War implies fighting and death.
Recent Examples of imply from the Web
As the name implies, these are bacteria normally found in our intestines.
Thoreau’s experiment was a bit less off-the-grid than his famous book Walden; or, Life in the Woods might imply, but his book became a clarion call for anyone inspired to make their lives a bit simpler in an era before Marie Kondo.
The threat of violence, whether it is implied or acted on, is intended to intimidate and to silence.
The $100 million tax saving from the 40 percent reduction in the B&O rate implies that Boeing would have been due to pay $250 million, before applying the reduction and the $82 million in tax credits.
The average reduction in U.S. imports from Saudi Arabia between May and July was 5 percent over the past five years, EIA data show, smaller than the cut implied by the Saudi plans.
That last statement is factual, though correlation does not necessarily imply causation in this case.
Wikileaks founder Julian Assange appears on the Dutch television news show Nieuwsuur and implies that Rich was their source behind the DNC leak.
Draw your own conclusions as to what that could imply.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'imply'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Synonym Discussion of imply
IMPLY Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of imply for English Language Learners
: to express (something) in an indirect way : to suggest (something) without saying or showing it plainly
: to include or involve (something) as a natural or necessary part or result
IMPLY Defined for Kids
Definition of imply for Students
: to express indirectly : suggest rather than say plainly Your remark implies that I am wrong.
Legal Definition of imply
1 : to recognize as existing by inference or necessary consequence especially on legal or equitable grounds in ordinary circumstances…the law would imply that it was the duty of the hospital to use due care — Haase v. Starnes, 915 S.W.2d 675 (1996)
2 : to make known indirectly
Seen and Heard
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