im·​pe·​ri·​um | \ im-ˈpir-ē-əm How to pronounce imperium (audio) \

Definition of imperium

1a : supreme power or absolute dominion : control
2 : the right to command or to employ the force of the state : sovereignty

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Examples of imperium in a Sentence

a nation whose economic imperium waned after the war

Recent Examples on the Web

In all those eras of past glory, Russia and Belarus were part of a single imperium: neither man will have missed that point. Erasmus, The Economist, "Why Vladimir Putin took an atheist to an ancient monastery," 21 July 2019 China is already cultivating its economic imperium via the Belt and Road Initiative, a plan to build infrastructure for trade and to invest heavily in resource-rich developing economies. The Economist, "Sino-American interdependence has been a force for geopolitical stability," 23 June 2018 Yet the emerging imperium is more a result of the Communist Party’s exercise of hard power, including economic coercion, than the product of a gravitational pull of Chinese ideas or contemporary culture. Edward Wong, New York Times, "A Chinese Empire Reborn," 5 Jan. 2018 President Xi Jinping is the avatar of the new imperium. Edward Wong, New York Times, "A Chinese Empire Reborn," 5 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'imperium.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of imperium

1613, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for imperium

Latin — more at empire

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Statistics for imperium

Last Updated

17 Sep 2019

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Time Traveler for imperium

The first known use of imperium was in 1613

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More from Merriam-Webster on imperium

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with imperium

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for imperium Encyclopedia article about imperium

Comments on imperium

What made you want to look up imperium? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to make a temporary encampment

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