Definition of hemisphere
- an injury to the left hemisphere
a tumor in the right cerebral hemisphere
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Hemisphere includes the prefix hemi-, meaning "half". The northern and southern hemispheres are divided by the equator, the circle halfway between Earth's two poles. The eastern and western hemispheres aren't divided so exactly, since there are no poles in the Earth's east-west dimension. Often the dividing line is said to be the "prime meridian"—the imaginary north-south line that runs through Greenwich, England, from which all longitude is calculated (itself being the 0° meridian). But for simplicity's sake, the eastern hemisphere is often said to include all of Europe, Africa, Australia, and Asia, while the western hemisphere contains North and South America and a great deal of ocean.
First Known Use: 14th centurySee Words from the same year
: a half of the Earth
: half of a sphere : half of a round object
: either of the two halves of the brain
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