Definition of geology
1a : a science that deals with the history of the earth and its life especially as recorded in rocksb : a study of the solid matter of a celestial body (such as the moon)
2 : geologic features the geology of Arizona
3 : a treatise on geology
geologistplay \jē-ˈä-lə-jist\ noun
Examples of geology in a Sentence
learning about the geology of Hawaii
Recent Examples of geology from the Web
Kramer and Shedd report that the geology of the Gulf of Mexico is not driven by plate tectonics, but is governed by thousands of meters of subsurface salt, the legacy of an ocean that covered the area 200 million years ago.
The Kerch Strait is a challenging place to build, with complicated geology, high seismic activity, and stormy weather.
These strange, complex configurations are part of the geology that created the conditions that allowed vast oil deposits to collect.
At Palomar, Claire took classes in math, history, English, geography, geology and other subjects, with some units counting as high school credits.
Methodological uniformitarianism (a procedural principle asserting spatial and temporal invariance of natural laws) belongs to the definition of science and is not unique to geology.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'geology'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of geology
New Latin geologia, from ge- + -logia -logy
First Known Use: 1735
GEOLOGY Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of geology for English Language Learners
: a science that studies rocks, layers of soil, etc., in order to learn about the history of the Earth and its life
: the rocks, land, processes of land formation, etc., of a particular area
GEOLOGY Defined for Kids
Definition of geology for Students
1 : a science that deals with the history of the earth and its life especially as recorded in rocks
2 : the geologic features (as mountains or plains) of an area
Seen and Heard
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