ge·​nome | \ ˈjē-ˌnōm How to pronounce genome (audio) \

Definition of genome

: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain broadly : the genetic material of an organism — compare proteome

Examples of genome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Researchers analyzed the genomes of 104 labrador retrievers between the ages of 4 weeks and 16 years old. Jennifer Leman, Popular Mechanics, "The New Formula to Calculate Your Dog's Age in Human Years," 18 Nov. 2019 That’s when Wynne came across a dense research paper comparing the genomes of dogs and wolves. Scott Craven, azcentral, "You know your dog loves you. Now an ASU psychologist says he has scientific proof," 11 Nov. 2019 Jon McIntyre, Motif’s boss, aims to make flavourings and other additives (to improve texture or bite, say) by inserting specific DNA sequences into the genomes of yeast. The Economist, "Plant-based meat could create a radically different food chain," 12 Oct. 2019 Efforts to collect and study the genomes of indigenous peoples, for example, have been controversial since the early ‘90s. Adrian Pecotic, Quartz, "The thorny ethics of collecting genetic data from indigenous people," 9 Oct. 2019 This technology applies identically to our own genomes and to those of the most deadly pathogens. George Church, Ars Technica, "We should create a global DNA threat-detection network to fight future pathogens," 19 June 2019 And increasingly, that self-awareness is drilling into our own genomes, helping people—if for now, imperfectly (and controversially)—gauge their risk of developing certain diseases, such as cancer and Alzheimer’s. Fortune, "Tech’s Next Big Wave: Big Data Meets Biology," 19 Mar. 2018 Whole genome sequencing is a complicated multi-step process. Chase Purdy, Quartz, "The US has a new weapon in the fight against antibiotic resistance," 22 Nov. 2019 But whole genome sequencing costs $800 to $1200 per person. Erik Stokstad, Science | AAAS, "Major U.K. genetics lab accused of misusing African DNA," 30 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'genome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of genome

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for genome

German Genom, from Gen gene + -om (as in Chromosom chromosome)

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Time Traveler for genome

Time Traveler

The first known use of genome was in 1926

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Statistics for genome

Last Updated

9 Dec 2019

Cite this Entry

“Genome.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 14 December 2019.

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More Definitions for genome


ge·​nome | \ ˈjē-ˌnōm How to pronounce genome (audio) \

Medical Definition of genome

: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain broadly : the genetic material of an organism The idea behind sequencing an organism's genome—decoding, letter by letter, the message contained in every last one of its genes—is that it would tell us a lot about how the organism works. — Lori Oliwenstein, Discover, January 1996

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More from Merriam-Webster on genome

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with genome

Nglish: Translation of genome for Spanish Speakers Encyclopedia article about genome

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