galvanism

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noun gal·va·nism \ˈgal-və-ˌni-zəm\

Definition of galvanism

  1. 1 :  a direct current of electricity especially when produced by chemical action

  2. 2 :  the therapeutic use of direct electric current (as for pain relief)

  3. 3 :  vital or forceful activity

Origin and Etymology of galvanism

borrowed from French galvanisme, from Luigi Galvani (who conducted pioneering experiments in bioelectricity) + -isme -ism The French words galvinisme and galviniser were apparently introduced by Alexander von Humboldt in a letter, dated January 24, 1796 (“Lettre de F. Humboldt à M. Pictet … sur l'influence de l'acide muriatique oxygené et sur l'irritabilité de la fibre organisée, lue a l'Institut national”), published in the Magasin encyclopédique, ou Journal des sciences, des lettres et des arts (L'an quatrième [1795],) pp. 462-72. In a footnote Humboldt states “Les mots de galvanisme, galvaniser, dont je me sert, sont formés d'après ceux de magnétisme, magnétiser. Ils sont recommendables pour sa briéveté.” (“The words galvanism, galvanize, which I make use of, are modeled on magnetism, magnetize. They are commendable for their conciseness.”)


Medical Dictionary

galvanism

play
noun gal·va·nism \ˈgal-və-ˌniz-əm\

Medical Definition of galvanism

  1. 1:  a direct current of electricity especially when produced by chemical action (as in a storage battery)

  2. 2:  the therapeutic use of direct electric current (as to relieve pain)


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