\ ˈfraŋk How to pronounce franc (audio) \

Definition of franc

1 : any of various former basic monetary units (as in Belgium, France, and Luxembourg)
2 the basic monetary unit of Switzerland and a number of especially sub-Saharan nations in Africa — see Money Table

Examples of franc in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The franc continued to appreciate against the dollar — a total of 70% in nominal terms between 1971 and 1975 alone. Stephen Mihmbloomberg, Los Angeles Times, "Commentary: Switzerland pioneered negative rates in the 1970s. It got very ugly," 22 Aug. 2019 The authorities seized 164m CFA francs ($280,000) from a subsidiary of Mercure based on the complaint of a company with an address, but little else. The Economist, "Why many foreign companies are on the verge of leaving Gabon," 15 Aug. 2019 To do this, China had to create more yuan to buy up dollars, yen, marks, francs and pounds. Edward Lotterman, Twin Cities, "Real World Economics: China manipulates the yuan, but not in the direction the U.S. charges," 10 Aug. 2019 Lakpa was on a two-week run that would net her 60,000 West African CFA francs, or about $100 — a step up from selling ginger juice out of her home. Washington Post, "The ‘Amazon of Africa’ faces a big challenge: No addresses," 4 Aug. 2019 The Japanese yen and Swiss franc, long safe harbors, advanced., "Just how bad was Monday’s stock market drop?," 5 Aug. 2019 On the opposite side of the spectrum, Switzerland's franc is the only currency that is overvalued against the buck. Anneken Tappe, CNN, "Here's another sign the US dollar is too strong: burgers," 12 July 2019 But the franc zone still depends, as in colonial days, on the export of raw materials. The Economist, "Franc exchangeFrancophone Africa’s CFA franc is under fire," 25 Jan. 2018 The French connection In trying to create a single currency, ECOWAS will be looking to squash one which already exists: eight of its member states already use the France-backed the West African CFA franc. Yomi Kazeem, Quartz Africa, "West Africa’s “Eco” single currency ambition has a slim chance of success," 3 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'franc.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of franc

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for franc


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Dictionary Entries near franc






france rose


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Last Updated

20 Sep 2019

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Time Traveler for franc

The first known use of franc was in the 14th century

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English Language Learners Definition of franc

: a basic unit of money that is used in some countries where French is spoken and that was formerly used in France, Luxembourg, and Belgium also : a coin or bill representing one franc


\ ˈfraŋk How to pronounce franc (audio) \

Kids Definition of franc

: any of various coins or bills used or once used in countries where French is widely spoken

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More from Merriam-Webster on franc

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with franc

Spanish Central: Translation of franc

Nglish: Translation of franc for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of franc for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about franc

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What made you want to look up franc? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


miscellaneous remnants or debris

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