franc-tireur

noun
franc-ti·​reur | \ˌfräⁿ-(ˌ)tē-ˈrər \

Definition of franc-tireur 

: a civilian and especially a guerrilla fighter or sniper

First Known Use of franc-tireur

1808, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for franc-tireur

French, from franc free + tireur shooter

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The first known use of franc-tireur was in 1808

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