flora

noun
flo·​ra | \ ˈflȯr-ə How to pronounce flora (audio) \
plural floras also florae\ ˈflȯr-​ˌē How to pronounce florae (audio) , -​ˌī \

Definition of flora

1 : a treatise on or list of the plants of an area or period
2 : plant, bacterial, or fungal life especially : such life characteristic of a region, period, or special environment fossil flora intestinal flora — compare fauna

Keep scrolling for more

Flora Has Roots in Roman Mythology

Flora means "flower" in Latin, and Flora was the Roman goddess of spring and flowering plants, especially wildflowers and plants not raised for food. She was shown as a beautiful young woman in a long, flowing dress with flowers in her hair, strewing flowers over the earth. English preserves her name in such words as floral, floret, and flourish. A region's flora may range from tiny violets to towering trees. The common phrase "flora and fauna" covers just about every visible living thing.

Examples of flora in a Sentence

an amazing variety of coastal flora the floras of different coastal regions

Recent Examples on the Web

Much of Easton is within the 17,000-acre Hockomock Swamp, which acts as a natural barrier to flooding and an oasis for flora and fauna. Hanna Krueger, BostonGlobe.com, "No Friday night lights: High school games moved for communities at critical risk for EEE," 5 Sep. 2019 Their work provided a solid foundation for future biologists by updating and standardizing the classification of flora and fauna. Smithsonian, "The Hard-Drinking Early Smithsonian Naturalists of the Megatherium Club," 4 Sep. 2019 Spots around Lake Shelby and Middle Lake are good for camping, lying on the beach, and discovering local flora and fauna. Frank Sargeant, al, "Get outdoors notes from around Alabama," 27 Aug. 2019 Toxic pesticides used in agricultural croplands can be deadly for wild flora and fauna. Claire Wolters, National Geographic, "Grassland threats, explained," 22 Aug. 2019 The landmark legislation was signed by President Nixon in 1973 and is credited with putting in place protections that helped save dozens of threatened flora and fauna. Kurtis Alexander, SFChronicle.com, "Environmental groups sue Trump administration for weakening Endangered Species Act," 21 Aug. 2019 Invasive species have been a problem since the first ships began moving plants and animals to the Americas, where native flora and fauna had no protection against them. Claire Marie Porter, WIRED, "This Voracious, Unstoppable Bug Is Killing Off Vineyards," 2 Aug. 2019 The shrinking of the glaciers heralds profound shifts in Iceland’s weather patterns, water flows, flora and fauna, according to the Icelandic Meteorological Office. Susan Steade, The Mercury News, "‘Only you know’ if we did enough, says memorial to Iceland’s lost glacier," 22 July 2019 But climate change threatens to open up new territory for foreign flora and fauna to take over. Sophie Lewis, CBS News, "Invasive iguanas are wreaking havoc in Florida. Now authorities are urging locals to kill them.," 3 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'flora.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of flora

1777, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for flora

New Latin, from Latin Flora, Roman goddess of flowers, from Latin flor-, flos

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about flora

Statistics for flora

Last Updated

11 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for flora

The first known use of flora was in 1777

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for flora

flora

noun

English Language Learners Definition of flora

biology : all the plants that live in a particular area, time, period, or environment

flora

noun
flo·​ra | \ ˈflȯr-ə How to pronounce flora (audio) \

Kids Definition of flora

: the plant life typical of a region, period, or special environment

flora

noun
flo·​ra | \ ˈflōr-ə, ˈflȯr- How to pronounce flora (audio) \
plural floras also florae\ ˈflō(ə)r-​ˌē How to pronounce florae (audio) , ˈflȯ(ə)r-​ How to pronounce florae (audio) , -​ˌī \

Medical Definition of flora

1 : plant life especially : the plants characteristic of a region, period, or special environment fossil flora — compare fauna
2 : the microorganisms (as bacteria or fungi) living in or on the body the beneficial flora of the intestine potentially harmful skin flora

Other Words from flora

floral \ ˈflōr-​əl, ˈflȯr-​ How to pronounce floral (audio) \ adjective

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on flora

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with flora

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for flora

Spanish Central: Translation of flora

Nglish: Translation of flora for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of flora for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about flora

Comments on flora

What made you want to look up flora? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to make a temporary encampment

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Musical Words Quiz

  • gramophone
  • Which word describes a musical performance marked by the absence of instrumental accompaniment?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!