fer·​til·​i·​za·​tion | \ ˌfər-tə-lə-ˈzā-shən How to pronounce fertilization (audio) \

Definition of fertilization

: an act or process of making fertile: such as
a : the application of fertilizer
b(1) : an act or process of fecundation, insemination, or pollination not used technically
(2) : the process of union of two gametes whereby the somatic chromosome number is restored and the development of a new individual is initiated

Examples of fertilization in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Finally, there must be some groundwork and fertilization to ensure that a digital transformation project is successful. Bankim Chandra, Forbes, 14 Mar. 2022 Early algae likely relied on passive fertilization, but once ancestral arthropods scurried onto the scene around 550 million years ago, a mutually beneficial partnership may have been formed. Jack Tamisiea, Scientific American, 28 July 2022 Various religions have relied on a range of wayposts, including fertilization, quickening (when the mother feels the fetus moving), when the embryo develops a heartbeat, ensoulment and birth. Eliott C. Mclaughlin, CNN, 17 July 2022 This effectively prevents fertilization or the meeting of the sperm and egg for pregnancy. Dr. Esra Demirel, ABC News, 12 July 2022 All this while reducing water usage, chemical fertilization and increasing local wildlife habitat. Jeanette Marantosstaff Writer, Los Angeles Times, 1 July 2022 Levonorgestrel works by preventing ovulation, blocking fertilization, or keeping a fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus. Christine Mui, Fortune, 29 June 2022 The Estate uses sustainable farming methods, including solar energy, crop diversity, and a natural fertilization system based on bacteria, not chemicals. Karin Eldor, Forbes, 29 June 2022 Over fertilization can cause damage to the roots, causing the roots to not properly absorb water. oregonlive, 18 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fertilization.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of fertilization

circa 1787, in the meaning defined above

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Time Traveler for fertilization

Time Traveler

The first known use of fertilization was circa 1787

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Dictionary Entries Near fertilization



fertilization cone

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Statistics for fertilization

Last Updated

14 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Fertilization.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fertilization. Accessed 14 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for fertilization


fer·​til·​iza·​tion | \ ˌfər-tə-lə-ˈzā-shən How to pronounce fertilization (audio) \

Kids Definition of fertilization

1 : an act or process of making fertile fertilization of a new lawn
2 : the joining of an egg cell and a sperm cell to form the first stage of an embryo


variants: or British fertilisation \ ˌfərt-​ᵊl-​ə-​ˈzā-​shən How to pronounce fertilization (audio) \

Medical Definition of fertilization

: an act or process of making fertile: as
a : an act or process of fecundation, insemination, or impregnation
b : the process of union of two gametes whereby the somatic chromosome number is restored and the development of a new individual is initiated

Other Words from fertilization

fertilize or British fertilise \ ˈfərt-​ᵊl-​ˌīz How to pronounce fertilization (audio) \ transitive verb fertilized or British fertilised; fertilizing or British fertilising

More from Merriam-Webster on fertilization

Nglish: Translation of fertilization for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about fertilization


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