fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ (ˌ)fər-ˈti-lə-tē \

Definition of fertility

1 : the quality or state of being fertile
2 : the birthrate of a population

Examples of fertility in a Sentence

She studied the effects of pollution on the fertility of the local fish population. The doctor ordered a test of his fertility. The area is known for its soil fertility. the fertility of his imagination
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Recent Examples on the Web

The bird is viewed as a symbol or harbinger of fertility, faithfulness, longevity, and general good fortune. L. Kim Tan, BostonGlobe.com, "In Latvia, we got carried away with storks," 26 June 2018 States in the Midwest and the Southeast had higher rates of fertility compared with the Northeast or West Coast. Brianna Abbott, WSJ, "At 30-Year Low, U.S. Birth Rate Shows Striking Differences Between States," 10 Jan. 2019 Always one to use her clout for the greater good, Obama getting real about her fertility struggles has surely provided solace to other women, as well as shed even more light on IVF as a life-changing solution for many families. Lauren Valenti, Vogue, "From Serena Williams to Gwyneth Paltrow, 7 Times Celebrities Got Candid About Their Health Struggles in 2018," 19 Dec. 2018 The story of Stephanie's fertility was originally creator and former executive producer Jeff Franklin's idea. Jessica Radloff, Glamour, "Fuller House Focuses on Kimmy Gibbler Being Stephanie Tanner's Surrogate This Season," 14 Dec. 2018 In partnership with SurveyMonkey, Marie Claire asked about 2,000 women to talk honestly about fertility. Colleen Leahey Mckeegan, Marie Claire, "Marie Claire's Guide to Having a Baby," 1 Oct. 2018 Genetic engineering is making rapid advancement, especially in terms of human fertility. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Scientists Take Major Step Towards Making Babies From Skin Cells," 21 Sep. 2018 Reporting their findings Monday, the authors of the new research also said that women whose lifetime span of fertility was shorter appeared more likely to develop dementia than were those who began menstruating earlier. Melissa Healy, The Seattle Times, "Pregnancy and childbirth may protect some women from developing dementia," 23 July 2018 Couples with fertility struggles are increasingly choosing gestational carriers over surrogates, Quadrato said. Matthew Ormseth, courant.com, "One Big Family: Tolland Woman Gives Birth To Sister's Child," 25 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fertility.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fertility

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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Statistics for fertility

Last Updated

19 Jan 2019

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Time Traveler for fertility

The first known use of fertility was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for fertility



English Language Learners Definition of fertility

: the ability to produce young

: the ability to support the growth of many plants

: the ability to produce many ideas


fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ ˌfər-ˈti-lə-tē \

Kids Definition of fertility

: the condition of being fertile soil fertility


fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ (ˌ)fər-ˈtil-ət-ē \
plural fertilities

Medical Definition of fertility

1 : the quality or state of being fertile
2 : the birthrate of a population — compare mortality sense 2b

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More from Merriam-Webster on fertility

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with fertility

Spanish Central: Translation of fertility

Nglish: Translation of fertility for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fertility for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about fertility

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