fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ (ˌ)fər-ˈti-lə-tē How to pronounce fertility (audio) \

Definition of fertility

1 : the quality or state of being fertile
2 : the birth rate of a population

Examples of fertility in a Sentence

She studied the effects of pollution on the fertility of the local fish population. The doctor ordered a test of his fertility. The area is known for its soil fertility. the fertility of his imagination
Recent Examples on the Web In exchange for their role as fertility nurses, the isopods use the seaweed for shelter and feast on a buffet of smaller algae stuck to the stalks. Jack Tamisiea, Scientific American, 28 July 2022 Heat stress had also reduced the fertility of their cows, further compounding their financial problems. Dhruv Khullar, The New Yorker, 25 July 2022 Additional laws which could impact access to contraceptives, fertility treatments and access to information on reproductive health are also moving through various state legislatures. Siladitya Ray, Forbes, 25 July 2022 This ruling has had an impact on people’s access to fertility treatments, IVF, and women’s health in general. Jessica Mathews, Fortune, 22 July 2022 Still, not all online fertility communities go to these lengths, which is especially concerning in post-Roe America when access to reproductive health care is becoming more difficult or, for many, going away entirely. Maggie Mertens, The Atlantic, 22 July 2022 Senate leadership said the bill will not impact birth control, fertility treatments or treatment of miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies. Arika Herron, The Indianapolis Star, 21 July 2022 The relatively cold water gushing through the dam and into the river could inhibit the warm-water species’ fertility. Brandon Loomis, The Arizona Republic, 19 July 2022 In 2021, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) settled with popular fertility app Flo after allegations that the company had shared user data with third-party data brokers, including Google and Meta. Alina Kim, ABC News, 18 July 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fertility.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of fertility

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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Time Traveler for fertility

Time Traveler

The first known use of fertility was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near fertility

fertile soil


fertility cult

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Statistics for fertility

Last Updated

1 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Fertility.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fertility. Accessed 12 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for fertility


fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ ˌfər-ˈti-lə-tē How to pronounce fertility (audio) \

Kids Definition of fertility

: the condition of being fertile soil fertility


fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ (ˌ)fər-ˈtil-ət-ē How to pronounce fertility (audio) \
plural fertilities

Medical Definition of fertility

1 : the quality or state of being fertile
2 : the birth rate of a population


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