fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ (ˌ)fər-ˈti-lə-tē How to pronounce fertility (audio) \

Definition of fertility

1 : the quality or state of being fertile
2 : the birthrate of a population

Examples of fertility in a Sentence

She studied the effects of pollution on the fertility of the local fish population. The doctor ordered a test of his fertility. The area is known for its soil fertility. the fertility of his imagination
See More
Recent Examples on the Web Low fertility is one -- about a third of Parsis don't marry, and the average Parsi woman of child-bearing age has one child, compared to a national average of 2.5 children. Rhea Mogul, CNN, "One of India's richest minority groups enjoys some of Mumbai's best rents. Here's why," 4 July 2020 The league will reimburse up to $60,000 in costs for adoption, fertility treatments and surrogacy. Nancy Armour, USA TODAY, "Nneka Ogwumike made sure WNBA players were Changing the Game with landmark deal," 30 June 2020 Now, the center has ambitious goals: end menopause—and the shelf life on women’s fertility. Fortune, "The unsettled future of Supreme Court abortion cases," 30 June 2020 The project will use fungi and bacteria to suck CO2 from the air to bolster soil fertility. James Thornhill, Houston Chronicle, "Can tiny fungi slash the cost of capturing carbon?," 26 June 2020 Adding to the challenges is that the waters of Lake Michigan vary in fertility. Steve Quinn, Outdoor Life, "The Ultimate Guide to Fishing the Great Lakes this Summer," 18 June 2020 And, with sufficient oversight of an increasingly sprawling and unregulated fertility industry, IVF need not lead to a parade of horribles. Osagie K. Obasogie, Scientific American, "Commentary: The Eugenics Legacy of the Nobelist Who Fathered IVF," 4 Oct. 2013 The company led by CEO Afton Vechery made the decision after a survey of users of its at-home hormone fertility test found that 75% were not currently trying to get pregnant. Fortune, "Why Stacey Abrams sees reason for optimism in the Georgia primary voting mess," 18 June 2020 In 2019, the total fertility rate — the expected number of births that a woman would have over her lifetime — had . Washington Post, "Pence calls second wave fears ‘overblown’ as nine states report record highs," 17 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fertility.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of fertility

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about fertility

Time Traveler for fertility

Time Traveler

The first known use of fertility was in the 15th century

See more words from the same century

Statistics for fertility

Last Updated

7 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Fertility.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fertility. Accessed 11 Jul. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for fertility


How to pronounce fertility (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of fertility

: the ability to produce young
: the ability to support the growth of many plants
: the ability to produce many ideas


fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ ˌfər-ˈti-lə-tē How to pronounce fertility (audio) \

Kids Definition of fertility

: the condition of being fertile soil fertility


fer·​til·​i·​ty | \ (ˌ)fər-ˈtil-ət-ē How to pronounce fertility (audio) \
plural fertilities

Medical Definition of fertility

1 : the quality or state of being fertile
2 : the birthrate of a population — compare mortality sense 2b

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on fertility

What made you want to look up fertility? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Words for Summer: A Quiz

  • a closeup of a sunflower
  • Which of the following words means “of or relating to summer”?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Add Diction

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!