facsimile

noun
fac·​sim·​i·​le | \ fak-ˈsi-mə-lē How to pronounce facsimile (audio) \

Definition of facsimile

1 : an exact copy A facsimile of the world's first computer was exhibited at the museum.
2 : a system of transmitting and reproducing graphic matter (such as printing or still pictures) by means of signals sent over telephone lines

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Choose the Right Synonym for facsimile

reproduction, duplicate, copy, facsimile, replica mean a thing made to closely resemble another. reproduction implies an exact or close imitation of an existing thing. reproductions from the museum's furniture collection duplicate implies a double or counterpart exactly corresponding to another thing. a duplicate of a house key copy applies especially to one of a number of things reproduced mechanically. printed 1000 copies of the lithograph facsimile suggests a close reproduction often of graphic matter that may differ in scale. a facsimile of a rare book replica implies the exact reproduction of a particular item in all details a replica of the Mayflower but not always in the same scale. miniature replicas of classic cars

Did You Know?

The facsimile machine (or fax machine) has been a staple of the modern office for a while now, and its name is much, much older. Fac simile is a Latin phrase meaning "make similar." English speakers began using facsimile as a noun meaning "an exact copy" in the late 1600s. In this sense, a facsimile might be a handwritten or hand drawn copy, or even a copy of a painting or statue. (Today, we also use the phrase "a reasonable facsimile" for a copy that is not exact but fairly close.) In the 1800s, people developed facsimile technology that could reproduce printed material via telegraph. Now, of course, we use telephone lines or wireless technology, and we usually call the resulting facsimile a fax.

Examples of facsimile in a Sentence

A facsimile of the world's first computer was exhibited in the museum. the family resemblance is so strong that the boy is virtually a pint-size facsimile of his father

Recent Examples on the Web

The Society follows the teenagers of a wealthy Connecticut suburb who are mysteriously transported to a facsimile of their neighborhood. Gabe Bergado, Teen Vogue, ""The Society" Star Gideon Adlon on Why She Fell in Love with the Creepy Series," 15 May 2019 But artificial intelligence was decades from a convincing facsimile of a human voice — and who was to say how a computer should sound anyway? Gerry Flahive, New York Times, "The Story of a Voice: HAL in ‘2001’ Wasn’t Always So Eerily Calm," 30 Mar. 2018 The no-frills production (a couple of fabric panels with facsimiles of the letters on them, a few chairs and table, off-the-rack costumes, and no lighting to speak of), minimally directed by Mikhaela Mahony, didn’t help. Heidi Waleson, WSJ, "‘Taking Up Serpents’ and ‘Dear Erich’ Reviews: Operas Haunted by the Past," 15 Jan. 2019 This would allow surgeons to practice operations on a facsimile of their patient, potentially reducing risk even further. James Vincent, The Verge, "Haptic feedback is making VR surgery feel like the real thing," 14 Aug. 2018 Kerr’s father, Roger, played and coached Australian rules football — a facsimile of rugby with contact reminiscent of the NFL in the 1980s. David Haugh, chicagotribune.com, "Red Stars embrace Australian sensation Samantha Kerr — but 'Chicago doesn’t really know she’s here yet'," 2 June 2018 The Japanese are known as expert copyists, but don’t expect an exact facsimile of Western food. Stan Parish, WSJ, "‘Go Beyond Sushi’: Tokyo’s Culinary Gems," 19 June 2018 The homesteads of some literary figures offer only a facsimile of the way a person lived, as possessions were sold or lost and buildings eroded. New York Times, "Time Is Running Out for Edna St. Vincent Millay’s Upstate Retreat," 14 May 2018 The Vibes perfume comes in a bottle that is a close facsimile of the Registered Vibes Logo. Chloe Metzger, Marie Claire, "Kim Kardashian's Kimoji Fragrance Is Being Sued Already," 19 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'facsimile.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of facsimile

1691, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for facsimile

from the Latin phrase fac simile "make alike," from fac, singular imperative of facere "to make, do, perform" + simile, neuter of similis "like, similar" — more at fact, same entry 1

Note: The phrase fac simile was well-known from its occurrence in one of the Distichs of Cato, a collection of proverbial wisdom (3rd-4th centuries A.D.) commonly used as a Latin textbook from the Middle Ages into the 18th century (though its meaning in the distich is different): "Qui simulat verbis, nec corde est fidus amicus, tu quoque fac simile—sic ars deluditur arte." ("If someone makes a pretense in speech and is not a true friend, you do likewise as well—and so art will be duped by art.")

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Statistics for facsimile

Last Updated

20 May 2019

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Time Traveler for facsimile

The first known use of facsimile was in 1691

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More Definitions for facsimile

facsimile

noun

English Language Learners Definition of facsimile

: an exact copy

facsimile

noun
fac·​sim·​i·​le | \ fak-ˈsi-mə-lē How to pronounce facsimile (audio) \
plural facsimiles

Kids Definition of facsimile

1 : an exact copy
2 : a system of sending and reproducing printed matter or pictures by means of signals sent over telephone lines

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More from Merriam-Webster on facsimile

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for facsimile

Spanish Central: Translation of facsimile

Nglish: Translation of facsimile for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about facsimile

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