facsimile

noun
fac·​sim·​i·​le | \ fak-ˈsi-mə-lē How to pronounce facsimile (audio) \

Definition of facsimile

1 : an exact copy A facsimile of the world's first computer was exhibited at the museum.
2 : a system of transmitting and reproducing graphic matter (such as printing or still pictures) by means of signals sent over telephone lines

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Choose the Right Synonym for facsimile

reproduction, duplicate, copy, facsimile, replica mean a thing made to closely resemble another. reproduction implies an exact or close imitation of an existing thing. reproductions from the museum's furniture collection duplicate implies a double or counterpart exactly corresponding to another thing. a duplicate of a house key copy applies especially to one of a number of things reproduced mechanically. printed 1000 copies of the lithograph facsimile suggests a close reproduction often of graphic matter that may differ in scale. a facsimile of a rare book replica implies the exact reproduction of a particular item in all details a replica of the Mayflower but not always in the same scale. miniature replicas of classic cars

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The facsimile machine (or fax machine) has been a staple of the modern office for a while now, and its name is much, much older. Fac simile is a Latin phrase meaning "make similar." English speakers began using facsimile as a noun meaning "an exact copy" in the late 1600s. In this sense, a facsimile might be a handwritten or hand drawn copy, or even a copy of a painting or statue. (Today, we also use the phrase "a reasonable facsimile" for a copy that is not exact but fairly close.) In the 1800s, people developed facsimile technology that could reproduce printed material via telegraph. Now, of course, we use telephone lines or wireless technology, and we usually call the resulting facsimile a fax.

Examples of facsimile in a Sentence

A facsimile of the world's first computer was exhibited in the museum. the family resemblance is so strong that the boy is virtually a pint-size facsimile of his father
Recent Examples on the Web Once there, the scammer began an online courtship that eventually identified him as Reeves (or a facsimile thereof). Los Angeles Times, 3 Sep. 2021 Yet most sports ended up with a reasonable facsimile of a calendar and all of them held world championships, unlike most of their summer counterparts in 2020. BostonGlobe.com, 28 Aug. 2021 The article includes photos of the house, or a facsimile, being constructed on the center of the field. Ethan Shanfeld, Variety, 24 Aug. 2021 Fans who watch extra closely will get a sneak peek, or at least a facsimile, of the offensive and defensive systems that are being installed under new Mavericks coach Jason Kidd. Dallas News, 8 Aug. 2021 While the duchess’ protagonist is not an exact facsimile of herself, the similarities are striking. Jennifer Mcclellan, USA TODAY, 3 Aug. 2021 Like those horrible little white plastic hockey pucks with that sad, frozen facsimile of flame that give off very little light and absolutely no flicker. Hilary Cadigan, Bon Appétit, 8 July 2021 And Carlson hosts it from a gaudy facsimile of a log cabin. Megan Garber, The Atlantic, 12 July 2021 Young is a little bigger (6-8, 235 pounds) and better -- and more expensive at $13 million-plus per season -- but Craig is a reasonable facsimile. J. Michael, The Indianapolis Star, 2 Aug. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'facsimile.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of facsimile

1691, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for facsimile

from the Latin phrase fac simile "make alike," from fac, singular imperative of facere "to make, do, perform" + simile, neuter of similis "like, similar" — more at fact, same entry 1

Note: The phrase fac simile was well-known from its occurrence in one of the Distichs of Cato, a collection of proverbial wisdom (3rd-4th centuries A.D.) commonly used as a Latin textbook from the Middle Ages into the 18th century (though its meaning in the distich is different): "Qui simulat verbis, nec corde est fidus amicus, tu quoque fac simile—sic ars deluditur arte." ("If someone makes a pretense in speech and is not a true friend, you do likewise as well—and so art will be duped by art.")

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Time Traveler for facsimile

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The first known use of facsimile was in 1691

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Dictionary Entries Near facsimile

faconne

facsimile

facsimile signature

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Last Updated

11 Sep 2021

Cite this Entry

“Facsimile.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/facsimile. Accessed 19 Sep. 2021.

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More Definitions for facsimile

facsimile

noun

English Language Learners Definition of facsimile

: an exact copy

facsimile

noun
fac·​sim·​i·​le | \ fak-ˈsi-mə-lē How to pronounce facsimile (audio) \
plural facsimiles

Kids Definition of facsimile

1 : an exact copy
2 : a system of sending and reproducing printed matter or pictures by means of signals sent over telephone lines

More from Merriam-Webster on facsimile

Nglish: Translation of facsimile for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about facsimile

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