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ex·​tern ˈek-ˌstərn How to pronounce extern (audio)
variants or less commonly externe
: a person connected with an institution but not living or boarding in it
specifically : a nonresident doctor or medical student at a hospital

Examples of extern in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web
The case was reassigned to Maricopa County Superior Court Judge Daniel Martin soon after Judge Christopher Coury issued an order Sunday afternoon recusing himself from the case due to the involvement of an attorney who had worked as an extern in his office within the last five years. Kaelan Deese, Washington Examiner, 26 Apr. 2021 Shaq Al-Hijaz is a second-year law student at Howard University and extern at the Thurgood Marshall Civil Rights Center. Justin Hansford, CNN, 23 Mar. 2023 Nelson plans to spend three weeks in Jacksonville, Fla., working with Fanatics as part of the players’ association extern program. Cameron Wolfe, The Denver Post, 3 Feb. 2017
Coury's recusal came after the court received filings Sunday at 4 p.m. mentioning new attorneys for the first time, including Chris Viskovic, who was the former extern. Kaelan Deese, Washington Examiner, 26 Apr. 2021 Law clerks and externs from numerous federal courts shared with us that they had felt demeaned, belittled, or humiliated during their clerkships or externships. Joan Biskupic, CNN, 13 June 2018 The Post reached out to dozens of Kozinski's former clerks and externs for this story. Matt Zapotosky, Anchorage Daily News, 9 Dec. 2017 That extern said Kozinski also once talked with her about a female judge stripping. Matt Zapotosky, Anchorage Daily News, 9 Dec. 2017 The externs quickly learned that on the Hill, big moments are usually preceded by a million less glamorous ones. The Washington Post, The Denver Post, 2 Mar. 2017

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'extern.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History



Middle French or Latin; Middle French externe, from Latin externus

First Known Use


1530, in the meaning defined above


1823, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of extern was in 1530

Dictionary Entries Near extern

Cite this Entry

“Extern.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/extern. Accessed 20 Apr. 2024.

Medical Definition


variants also externe
: a nonresident doctor or medical student at a hospital
externship noun
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