exome

noun
ex·​ome | \ ˈek-ˌsōm How to pronounce exome (audio) \

Definition of exome

: the part of the genome consisting of exons that code information for protein synthesis The Personal Genome Project is beginning with the exome: the 1 percent of our genome that is translated into strings of amino acids that assemble themselves into proteins.— Steven Pinker The exome is the portion of the genome known to encode proteins … . Whole-exome sequencing has the advantage of reduced cost and analysis of a much smaller data set than that obtained by sequencing the entire genome.— Howard J. Jacob

Examples of exome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In the new study, researchers sequenced the genomes of more than 640,000 people from Mexico, the United States, and the United Kingdom, homing in on only the exome—the part of the genome that codes for proteins. Rodrigo Pérez Ortega, Science | AAAS, 1 July 2021 Through whole exome sequencing, SPARK identified a case of phenylketonuria (PKU) that was missed during newborn screening. Wendy Chung, Scientific American, 30 Apr. 2021 Some 60 percent of Drosophila protein-encoding genes (known as the exome) have a parallel in humans. Michele Cohen Marill, Wired, 26 Feb. 2021 There was grant money set aside by the hospital, and Obamacare helped cover a complete exome sequencing of the baby’s DNA, which pleased her on both the highest and the pettiest possible level: her father could never say the word in that tone again. Patricia Lockwood, The New Yorker, 23 Nov. 2020 In all, the PCAWG project was able to find at least one driver mutation in about 95% of the tumor samples, compared with just 67% with exome sequencing, says Peter Campbell of the Wellcome Sanger Institute, another project member. Jocelyn Kaiser, Science | AAAS, 5 Feb. 2020 Other genes among the 10 spotted by the exome work didn’t overlap with earlier GWAS markers, but are involved in synaptic and neuronal processes, and may reveal novel details of the disease’s biology, Singh says. Jocelyn Kaiser, Science | AAAS, 25 Oct. 2019 Hoping to move faster, a global consortium called Schizophrenia Exome Sequencing Meta-Analysis 2 years ago began to gather patients’ exomes, or the DNA that codes for proteins, rather than regulating genes. Jocelyn Kaiser, Science | AAAS, 25 Oct. 2019 But sequencing the exome would miss any changes in DNA that controls the activity of nearby genes, so there's a lot of potential information that this study design would have missed. John Timmer, Ars Technica, 3 Aug. 2019 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'exome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of exome

2008, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for exome

ex(on) + (gen)ome

Learn More About exome

Dictionary Entries Near exome

exolution

exome

exomologesis

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for exome

Cite this Entry

“Exome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/exome. Accessed 10 Aug. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Words Named After People

  • name tags
  • Namesake of the leotard, Jules Léotard had what profession?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!