excited state

noun

Definition of excited state

: a state of a physical system (such as an atomic nucleus, an atom, or a molecule) that is higher in energy than the ground state

Examples of excited state in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

To get around this problem, Devoret and colleagues employ a clever trick involving a second excited state. Philip Ball, WIRED, "Physicists See a Quantum Leap, Halt It, and Reverse It," 9 June 2019 Devoret and colleagues wanted to watch a single artificial atom jump between its lowest-energy (ground) state and an energetically excited state. Philip Ball, WIRED, "Physicists See a Quantum Leap, Halt It, and Reverse It," 9 June 2019 At first, the ions will vibrate in an excited state, but diode lasers like those found in DVD players will be used to gradually scatter away their extra kinetic energy. Quanta Magazine, "Perpetual Motion Test Could Amend Theory of Time," 25 Apr. 2013 The researchers prepared several initial configurations of ground and excited states. Quanta Magazine, "Quantum Machine Appears to Defy Universe’s Push for Disorder," 20 Mar. 2019 For both the excited states and the ground states, the energy difference between the two spin states is small enough that a sound vibration can flip the spin and change the qubit state. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Straining a diamond makes silicon-based qubit behave," 20 Sep. 2018 The other two are excited states, which also have a spin up and spin down separation, but are at a much higher energy than the ground states. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Straining a diamond makes silicon-based qubit behave," 20 Sep. 2018 This keeps the rubidium atoms diffuse, slow moving and in a highly excited state. Marissa Fessenden, Smithsonian, "Scientists Create a New Form of Light by Linking Photons," 16 Feb. 2018 This puts the molecule into an energetically excited state. Kerry Hanson, Smithsonian, "How Sunscreen Protects Your Skin’s DNA," 31 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'excited state.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of excited state

1927, in the meaning defined above

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Dictionary Entries near excited state

excite

excited

excitedness

excited state

excitement

exciter

exciter lamp

Statistics for excited state

Last Updated

22 Sep 2019

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Time Traveler for excited state

The first known use of excited state was in 1927

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