ex·​cit·​ato·​ry | \ ik-ˈsī-tə-ˌtȯr-ē How to pronounce excitatory (audio) \

Definition of excitatory

: exhibiting, resulting from, relating to, or producing excitement or excitation excitatory nerve fibers

Examples of excitatory in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Their job is to manage the timing and flow of brain signals and keep excitatory neurons under control. Lauren Aguirre, Scientific American, "The Role of Seizures in Alzheimer’s Disease Is Gaining Overdue Attention," 22 July 2019 In effect, the network was turning the knobs on inhibitory processes, not excitatory ones, with the TRN inhibiting information that the prefrontal cortex deemed distracting. Quanta Magazine, "To Pay Attention, the Brain Uses Filters, Not a Spotlight," 24 Sep. 2019 Patel notes that, because anxiety can be caused by too many excitatory neurotransmitters, GABA supplements may be the most helpful. Jenna Birch, Woman's Day, "Can Vitamins Help With Anxiety? Experts Weigh In," 30 Aug. 2019 Because the connections between inhibitory neurons are long-range, any inhibitory signals that randomly arise spread faster than random excitatory signals — exactly what’s needed for a Turing-like mechanism. Jennifer Ouellette, Quanta Magazine, "A Math Theory for Why People Hallucinate," 30 July 2018 When excitatory neurons are firing to your left leg muscles, for example, inhibitory ones are firing to your right. Steph Yin, New York Times, "These Skates Are Made for Walking," 8 Feb. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'excitatory.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of excitatory

1803, in the meaning defined above

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Time Traveler for excitatory

Time Traveler

The first known use of excitatory was in 1803

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Cite this Entry

“Excitatory.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/excitatory. Accessed 20 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for excitatory


ex·​cit·​ato·​ry | \ ik-ˈsīt-ə-ˌtōr-ē, -ˌtȯr- How to pronounce excitatory (audio) \

Medical Definition of excitatory

1 : tending to induce excitation (as of a neuron) excitatory substances excitatory and inhibitory pathways from the brain— W. G. Van der Kloot
2 : exhibiting, resulting from, related to, or produced by excitement or excitation an excitatory postsynaptic potential

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