estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of
3 archaic
a : esteem

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
2 : a statement of the cost of work to be done
3 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
4 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimative (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago. Noun According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb An estimated 75 million people in the United States have been placed under stay-at-home orders as states across the country have shuttered bars, restaurants, and other nonessential businesses in response to the outbreak of COVID-19. Dominick Mastrangelo, Washington Examiner, "Pornhub is making premium content free and donating 50,000 face masks in response to coronavirus outbreak," 25 Mar. 2020 Eventually, an estimated 500 million people, or one-third of the world’s population, would become infected. Fox News, "More than 100 years before coronavirus, the Spanish Flu pandemic ravaged the globe," 24 Mar. 2020 There are an estimated 100,000 Malawian migrant workers in South Africa, driven there by few employment opportunities and low wages at home. Rabson Kondowe, Quartz Africa, "A country with no coronavirus cases has declared a national disaster and shut schools, large gatherings," 24 Mar. 2020 An estimated 5% of people who contract COVID-19, the respiratory disease caused by the virus, become critically ill, said Jeff Pothof, chief quality and safety officer at UW Health. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Boosting production of ventilators is a race against time — and it won't be easy," 23 Mar. 2020 An estimated 50 to 60 inmates immediately would become eligible for a parole hearing if the bill becomes law, according to the Ohio Legislative Services Commission. John Caniglia, cleveland, "Ohio lawmakers seek to stop sentences of life without parole for youth offenders," 22 Mar. 2020 Newsom said an estimated 85% of California’s 6 million public school students will be out of their classrooms this week. Time, "San Francisco Bay Area Counties Issue Shelter-in-Place Order, Affecting Nearly 7 Million People," 16 Mar. 2020 An estimated 67% of investment grade debt issued by energy companies is rated BBB, compared to 50% overall, according to Morgan Stanley. Julia Horowitz, CNN, "Here's what could really sink the global economy: $19 trillion in risky corporate debt," 14 Mar. 2020 An estimated 10% of students at Middletown City Schools in Butler County don't have internet access, the highest percentage in the Cincinnati region, according to the most recent Census estimates. Briana Rice, Cincinnati.com, "Teaching kids at home during coronavirus outbreak? Tips on homeschooling," 14 Mar. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The estimates show that Oregon is poised to successfully buy time to allow for an increase in testing capacity and other measures needed to fight the virus. oregonlive, "If Oregonians stay home, state hospitals appear capable of handling coronavirus burden," 27 Mar. 2020 Preliminary estimates show fallout from the COVID-19 crisis could be even worse. Joshua Fechter, ExpressNews.com, "San Antonio City Council OKs stay-at-home order as dire ramifications of COVID-19 become clear," 26 Mar. 2020 On Sunday, the state’s projections showed hospitalizations doubling every two days, while Tuesday’s estimates showed them doubling every 4.7 days. New York Times, "Coronavirus in N.Y.C.: Latest Updates," 26 Mar. 2020 Most estimates put its price tag at more than $100 billion. Philip Elliott, Time, "Washington Is Passing Massive Legislation to Address the Coronavirus. Here’s Where Things Stand," 19 Mar. 2020 Roughly early cost estimates for construction of the trail segments range from $17 million to $23 million, but Oberg cautioned that those numbers are likely to change. Steven Litt, cleveland, "Planners move online to release Cleveland-to-Pittsburgh trail proposal, citing coronavirus," 18 Mar. 2020 This, however, seems to be a conservative estimate. Sangeeta Tanwar, Quartz India, "India’s organised retailers were struggling with tepid demand—and then came coronavirus," 18 Mar. 2020 Current estimates show that there are roughly the same number of bacterial cells in the body as human cells. Monique Brouillette, Scientific American, "Decoding the Vaginal Microbiome," 28 Feb. 2020 There's no estimate for all-electric driving range available yet, but the battery pack measures 14.1 kWh. Joey Capparella, Car and Driver, "VW’s Touareg SUV Now Has a 456-HP Hybrid R Variant," 25 Feb. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Time Traveler for estimate

Time Traveler

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

31 Mar 2020

Cite this Entry

“Estimate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/estimate. Accessed 7 Apr. 2020.

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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Comments on estimate

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