\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \
erupted; erupting; erupts

Definition of erupt

intransitive verb

1a(1) : to burst from limits or restraint
(2) of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
b : to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (such as lava or steam) that is pent up
c : to become active or violent especially suddenly : break forth war could erupt at any moment the audience erupted in applause
2 : to break out with or as if with a skin eruption

transitive verb

: to force out or release usually suddenly and violently a volcano erupting lava and ash

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Other Words from erupt

eruptible \ i-​ˈrəp-​tə-​bəl How to pronounce eruptible (audio) \ adjective
eruptive \ i-​ˈrəp-​tiv How to pronounce eruptive (audio) \ adjective
eruptively adverb

Examples of erupt in a Sentence

The volcano erupted with tremendous force. A bitter dispute has erupted among the members of the team.

Recent Examples on the Web

Preceded by rapper GoldLink and a high-energy set from Jaden Smith (including a cameo from his sister, Willow), applause erupted around the stadium before Tyler even took the stage. Hannah Malach, Billboard, "Tyler The Creator Disappears Into Igor Alter Ego at New York Show: Recap," 13 Sep. 2019 The British Parliament erupted into chaos as Prime Minister Boris Johnson followed through with his threat to suspend the legislature over Brexit Monday night. Fox News, "Chaos in UK Parliament as speaker pinned to seat, lawmakers chant ‘shame’ after Boris Johnson shutdown," 10 Sep. 2019 After Carlos Strickland hauled in UTSA’s first score of the season Saturday, the Roadrunners erupted into a display of screaming, hugging and flexing that resulted in two unsportsmanlike conduct penalties. Greg Luca,, "UTSA prepared to be tested in trip to Baylor," 6 Sep. 2019 The room erupts into chaos around the father and son, who have no idea what has happened; only viewers know what history has in store for them. Nina Li Coomes, The Atlantic, "The Uneven Historical Horror of The Terror: Infamy," 2 Sep. 2019 The chaos erupted around 11:30 a.m. at the DolEx check-cashing store in the 6000 block of South Gessner Road as a Brinks armored truck was making a drop at the business. Jay R. Jordan, Houston Chronicle, "Guard, suspect exchange gunfire during armored truck heist in southwest Houston," 15 Aug. 2019 However, their peaceful demonstration erupted into chaos when a truck attempted to drive into the group, and law enforcement started using pepper spray. Caitlin O'kane, CBS News, "Truck tries to drive into group of Jewish protesters outside ICE detention center," 15 Aug. 2019 Seventy people were in the Kyoto offices when the blaze erupted around 10:30 a.m. local time, according to the Times. Rachel Desantis,, "At Least 33 Killed After Man Allegedly Sets Fire to a Japanese Anime Studio," 18 July 2019 At any given time, at least 20 volcanoes are erupting around the world. National Geographic, "Magma found simmering under an 'extinct' volcano. Here's what that means.," 17 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'erupt.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of erupt

1657, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for erupt

Latin eruptus, past participle of erumpere to burst forth, from e- + rumpere to break — more at reave

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Statistics for erupt

Last Updated

20 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for erupt

The first known use of erupt was in 1657

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English Language Learners Definition of erupt

: to send out rocks, ash, lava, etc., in a sudden explosion also : to come out in a sudden explosion
: to happen or begin suddenly and violently
: to begin doing something (such as shouting or applauding) suddenly


\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \
erupted; erupting

Kids Definition of erupt

1 : to send out lava, rocks, and ash in a sudden explosion The volcano erupted.
2 : to burst out in a sudden explosion Lava erupted from the volcano.
3 : to happen, begin, or appear suddenly War erupted. A rash erupted on my skin.
\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \

Medical Definition of erupt

1 of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
2 : to break out (as with a skin eruption)

Other Words from erupt

eruptive \ -​tiv How to pronounce eruptive (audio) \ adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on erupt

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with erupt

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for erupt

Spanish Central: Translation of erupt

Nglish: Translation of erupt for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of erupt for Arabic Speakers

Comments on erupt

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to be made up of

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