erupted; erupting; erupts

intransitive verb

: to burst from limits or restraint
of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
: to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (such as lava or steam) that is pent up
: to become active or violent especially suddenly : break forth
war could erupt at any moment
the audience erupted in applause
: to break out with or as if with a skin eruption

transitive verb

: to force out or release usually suddenly and violently
a volcano erupting lava and ash
eruptible adjective
eruptive adjective
eruptively adverb

Examples of erupt in a Sentence

The volcano erupted with tremendous force. A bitter dispute has erupted among the members of the team.
Recent Examples on the Web The fire erupted Saturday afternoon in the grassy hills managed by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, one of the country’s key centers for nuclear weapons science and technology. Sasha Rogelberg, Fortune, 3 June 2024 The area was packed with street vendors selling tacos, fruit and ice cream and people erupted in cheers every time a voter emerged from inside after casting their ballot. Anthony De Leon, Los Angeles Times, 2 June 2024 The couple was belatedly celebrating their union in the hours before gunfire erupted, Huls tells PEOPLE. Emily Palmer, Peoplemag, 28 May 2024 The findings also may help to explain the formation of atmospheric plumes of hot gas and rock particles erupted by the volcano, the researchers said. Julia Jacobo, ABC News, 27 May 2024 See all Example Sentences for erupt 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'erupt.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


Latin eruptus, past participle of erumpere to burst forth, from e- + rumpere to break — more at reave

First Known Use

1657, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a(1)

Time Traveler
The first known use of erupt was in 1657

Dictionary Entries Near erupt

Cite this Entry

“Erupt.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 13 Jun. 2024.

Kids Definition


: to burst forth or cause to burst forth : explode
: to break through a surface
teeth erupting from the gum
: to break out with or as if with a skin eruption
eruptive adjective

Medical Definition


intransitive verb
of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
: to break out (as with a skin eruption)
eruptive adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on erupt

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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