\ i-ˈrəpt \
erupted; erupting; erupts

Definition of erupt 

intransitive verb

1a(1) : to burst from limits or restraint

(2) of a tooth : to emerge through the gum

b : to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (such as lava or steam) that is pent up

c : to become active or violent especially suddenly : break forth war could erupt at any moment the audience erupted in applause

2 : to break out with or as if with a skin eruption

transitive verb

: to force out or release usually suddenly and violently a volcano erupting lava and ash

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Other words from erupt

eruptible \i-ˈrəp-tə-bəl \ adjective
eruptive \i-ˈrəp-tiv \ adjective
eruptively adverb

Examples of erupt in a Sentence

The volcano erupted with tremendous force. A bitter dispute has erupted among the members of the team.

Recent Examples on the Web

Shortly after the Netflix series began, rerecorded versions of Luis Miguel hits on Spotify erupted, and plays of Luis Miguel’s music soared by 200 percent in the week’s following the series premiere. Adam Williams, Billboard, "How a Netflix Series Revived the Career of Latin Pop Icon Luis Miguel," 10 July 2018 Cambridge Analytica has closed operations since the scandal erupted, and an inquiry to its press office was returned as undeliverable. Washington Post,, "Federal agencies probe Facebook's role in sharing data with Cambridge Analytica," 3 July 2018 And if the brand does so, a campaign erupts online calling for the offended side to destroy that brand’s products. Cam Wolf, GQ, "How Clothing Brands Are Fighting Back Against Trump’s Border Policies," 28 June 2018 Gas erupted into a massive fireball, and then the rig gushed 4.9 million barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico. Umair Irfan, Vox, "The BP oil spill led to new protections for US waters. Trump repealed them.," 22 June 2018 After expanding his skill set, Bridges erupted as a two-way stud last season, and now looks the part as the most NBA-ready wing in this draft. Jake Fischer,, "2018 NBA Draft: Mikal Bridges Scouting Report and Highlights," 18 June 2018 Sunday: Charlotte took a 4-3 lead into the bottom of the eighth at Norfolk, but the Tides erupted for eight runs and beat the Knights 11-4. Steve Lyttle, charlotteobserver, "Voting is on for the Triple-A All-Star Game. Which Knights stars are in the running?," 17 June 2018 One of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes, Mount Merapi has been continuously erupting for centuries. Mahita Gajanan, Time, "8 of the World’s Most Dangerous Volcanoes, According to Experts," 6 June 2018 The jubilation that erupted after the boys were found drained away. Shibani Mahtani, Washington Post, "‘Time is running out’: Inside the treacherous rescue of boys trapped in a Thai cave," 13 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'erupt.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of erupt

1657, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for erupt

Latin eruptus, past participle of erumpere to burst forth, from e- + rumpere to break — more at reave

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Phrases Related to erupt

erupt in laughter

Statistics for erupt

Last Updated

8 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for erupt

The first known use of erupt was in 1657

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More Definitions for erupt



English Language Learners Definition of erupt

: to send out rocks, ash, lava, etc., in a sudden explosion; also : to come out in a sudden explosion

: to happen or begin suddenly and violently

: to begin doing something (such as shouting or applauding) suddenly


\ i-ˈrəpt \
erupted; erupting

Kids Definition of erupt

1 : to send out lava, rocks, and ash in a sudden explosion The volcano erupted.

2 : to burst out in a sudden explosion Lava erupted from the volcano.

3 : to happen, begin, or appear suddenly War erupted. A rash erupted on my skin.

\ i-ˈrəpt \

Medical Definition of erupt 

1 of a tooth : to emerge through the gum

2 : to break out (as with a skin eruption)

Other words from erupt

eruptive \-tiv \ adjective

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Comments on erupt

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