\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \
erupted; erupting; erupts

Definition of erupt

intransitive verb

1a(1) : to burst from limits or restraint
(2) of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
b : to force out or release suddenly and often violently something (such as lava or steam) that is pent up
c : to become active or violent especially suddenly : break forth war could erupt at any moment the audience erupted in applause
2 : to break out with or as if with a skin eruption

transitive verb

: to force out or release usually suddenly and violently a volcano erupting lava and ash

Other Words from erupt

eruptible \ i-​ˈrəp-​tə-​bəl How to pronounce erupt (audio) \ adjective
eruptive \ i-​ˈrəp-​tiv How to pronounce erupt (audio) \ adjective
eruptively adverb

Examples of erupt in a Sentence

The volcano erupted with tremendous force. A bitter dispute has erupted among the members of the team.
Recent Examples on the Web The love of the game fuels Jarrín’s every broadcast, and his words crackle with the passion of watching baseball fans erupt into cheers. Eva Recinos, Los Angeles Times, 10 Nov. 2021 This second season finds Catherine still vying for control of the throne with her husband Peter III (Nicholas Hoult), a battle of will that threatens to erupt into outright violence. Keith Phipps, Rolling Stone, 4 Nov. 2021 Smoke lingers heavy in the air and small spot fires serve as a grim warning that dry vegetation, parched by drought, could erupt into flames at any moment. NBC News, 2 Aug. 2021 This time however, as the Lava fire tore through the countryside, Siskiyou County’s crackdown would erupt in violence and draw national attention to a bitter conflict involving race, water and the legalization of marijuana. Los Angeles Times, 26 Oct. 2021 Occasionally, yes, there does erupt a Rodney King scenario. Wole Soyinka, New York Times, 28 Sep. 2021 But an offense doesn’t erupt for 70 points, as Texas did against Tech, without weapons behind the offensive line. Ross Fisher, Dallas News, 28 Sep. 2021 TreVeyon Henderson’s current trajectory could soon erupt onto the national stage. Nathan Baird, cleveland, 27 Sep. 2021 Blooms erupt directly from the bulb and reach four to six inches in height. Adrian Higgins, Washington Post, 20 Sep. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'erupt.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of erupt

1657, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a(1)

History and Etymology for erupt

Latin eruptus, past participle of erumpere to burst forth, from e- + rumpere to break — more at reave

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Dictionary Entries Near erupt



erupt in laughter

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Statistics for erupt

Last Updated

21 Nov 2021

Cite this Entry

“Erupt.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 2 Dec. 2021.

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More Definitions for erupt



English Language Learners Definition of erupt

: to send out rocks, ash, lava, etc., in a sudden explosion also : to come out in a sudden explosion
: to happen or begin suddenly and violently
: to begin doing something (such as shouting or applauding) suddenly


\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \
erupted; erupting

Kids Definition of erupt

1 : to send out lava, rocks, and ash in a sudden explosion The volcano erupted.
2 : to burst out in a sudden explosion Lava erupted from the volcano.
3 : to happen, begin, or appear suddenly War erupted. A rash erupted on my skin.


intransitive verb
\ i-ˈrəpt How to pronounce erupt (audio) \

Medical Definition of erupt

1 of a tooth : to emerge through the gum
2 : to break out (as with a skin eruption)

Other Words from erupt

eruptive \ -​tiv How to pronounce erupt (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on erupt

Nglish: Translation of erupt for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of erupt for Arabic Speakers


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