enzyme

noun
en·​zyme | \ ˈen-ˌzīm How to pronounce enzyme (audio) \

Definition of enzyme

: any of numerous complex proteins that are produced by living cells and catalyze specific biochemical reactions at body temperatures

Examples of enzyme in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Potatoes also take a long time to break down due to a type of starch that resists digestive enzymes. Danielle Braff, Woman's Day, "8 Ways to Stay Full Longer," 9 Nov. 2010 In a study published in The Lancet in 2001, 30 subjects with a rare genetic disorder predisposing them to skin cancer applied a lotion with DNA repair enzymes daily for one year. Allure, "The Skin-Care Glossary: A Comprehensive Guide to Everything You Need to Know," 17 Aug. 2018 Clean up a pet mess by mixing warm water with a laundry product that contains enzymes. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "Only True Sticklers for Cleanliness Will Be Able to Pass This Stain Removal Quiz," 15 Nov. 2018 Her research group has developed enzymes that change simple sugars to isobutanol, an energy-rich substance used in the production of biofuels and plastics. Joanna Sugden, WSJ, "Nobel Chemistry Prize Is Awarded to Three Evolutionary Scientists," 3 Oct. 2018 According to Consumer Reports, today’s detergents contain high-power enzymes that kick into action at temperatures as low as 60 degrees. The Seattle Times, "Little changes can make a big difference in climate change," 24 Sep. 2018 And the researchers indicate that things could be even better, as phages can be engineered to carry enzymes that make the bacteria even more vulnerable (by digesting biofilms, as one example). John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Using a virus to kill what antibiotics can’t," 18 July 2018 Milk, according to food chemists, is a liquid combination of fat, protein, enzymes, vitamins, and sugar produced by mammals to nourish their offspring. Umair Irfan, Vox, "“Fake milk”: why the dairy industry is boiling over plant-based milks," 31 Aug. 2018 About 2-3 percent of patients taking CBD had to discontinue it due to large increases in certain liver enzymes in laboratory tests, showing possible liver damage. Timothy Welty, Philly.com, "Marijuana boosters hail FDA approval of pot-based epilepsy drug. Is it a win for weed?," 20 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'enzyme.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of enzyme

1881, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for enzyme

German Enzym, from Middle Greek enzymos leavened, from Greek en- + zymē leaven — more at juice

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Statistics for enzyme

Last Updated

17 Jun 2019

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Time Traveler for enzyme

The first known use of enzyme was in 1881

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More Definitions for enzyme

enzyme

noun

English Language Learners Definition of enzyme

technical : a chemical substance in animals and plants that helps to cause natural processes (such as digestion)

enzyme

noun
en·​zyme | \ ˈen-ˌzīm How to pronounce enzyme (audio) \

Kids Definition of enzyme

: a substance produced by body cells that helps bring about or speed up bodily chemical activities (as the digestion of food) without being destroyed in so doing

enzyme

noun
en·​zyme | \ ˈen-ˌzīm How to pronounce enzyme (audio) \

Medical Definition of enzyme

: any of numerous complex proteins that are produced by living cells and catalyze specific biochemical reactions at body temperatures

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More from Merriam-Webster on enzyme

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with enzyme

Spanish Central: Translation of enzyme

Nglish: Translation of enzyme for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of enzyme for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about enzyme

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