deposition

noun
de·​po·​si·​tion | \ ˌde-pə-ˈzi-shən , ˌdē-pə-\

Definition of deposition

1a law : a testifying especially before a court was sworn in before giving his deposition
b : declaration specifically, law : testimony taken down in writing under oath took depositions from the witnesses
c law : out-of-court testimony made under oath and recorded by an authorized officer for later use in court gave a videotaped deposition about what she witnessed also : a meeting at which such testimony is taken
2 : an act or process of laying someone or something down or letting something fall : an act or process of depositing the deposition of earth and stone by glaciers
3 : something deposited : deposit Moraines are glacial depositions.
4 : an act of removing from a position of authority : an act of deposing deposition of a king

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Other Words from deposition

depositional \ -​ˈzish-​nəl , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective

Examples of deposition in a Sentence

She gave a videotaped deposition about what she saw that night. His attorneys took depositions from the witnesses. the deposition of sand and gravel on the river bed
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Recent Examples on the Web

Malinowski’s deposition against her killer was made public last week when it was played for the court as Slager pleaded guilty to her murder. Adam Carlson, PEOPLE.com, "Mom-of-2 Describes Horror of Boyfriend Lighting Her on Fire as He Pleads to Her Murder: 'Pure Evil'," 11 July 2018 Dunn quotes several passages from McCaw's deposition in a motion filed with U.S. District Judge Robert Pittman in Waco, who is presiding over the case filed by 10 Baylor students identified as Jane Does. David Barron, Houston Chronicle, "Ex-Baylor athletic director: Black athletes made scapegoats," 27 June 2018 But if the lawsuit proceeds, the president and his campaign aides could be forced to disclose documents and submit to depositions that require them to answer questions under oath. Alexander Burns And Michael D. Shear, New York Times, "Democratic Party Alleges Trump-Russia Conspiracy in New Lawsuit," 20 Apr. 2018 But in the summer of 2015, a judge released court documents from a deposition in 2005 civil case and the Montgomery County prosecutor brought the case just before the 12-year statute of limitations was set to expire. NBC News, "Cosby retrial set to begin and #MeToo will likely make an impact, experts say," 1 Apr. 2018 The quaalude testimony came from a deposition that was part of Constand’s civil suit against Cosby. Michael R. Sisak, BostonGlobe.com, "Judge hints he may not allow Cosby quaalude testimony," 30 Mar. 2018 Wolf, the presiding judge in the class-action case, said prosecutors requested copies of all depositions and witness statements. Andrea Estes, BostonGlobe.com, "Investigation alleges misconduct by Thornton Law Firm, recommends severe sanctions," 29 June 2018 Wooten said Tisaby sat for an initial deposition and answered questions as honestly as possible. Bryan Lowry, kansascity, "St. Louis police will investigate ex-FBI agent involved in Greitens case | The Kansas City Star," 15 May 2018 In this case, by citing the Fifth Amendment, Cohen can avoid giving a deposition and turning over sensitive information that could be used in the federal case, which was revealed when the FBI raided his home and office earlier this month. Margaret Hartmann, Daily Intelligencer, "Michael Cohen to Plead Fifth, Though Trump Once Said That’s for Mobsters," 26 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deposition.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of deposition

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for deposition

see depose

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Last Updated

18 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for deposition

The first known use of deposition was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for deposition

deposition

noun

English Language Learners Definition of deposition

law : a formal statement that someone who has promised to tell the truth makes so that the statement can be used in court especially : a formal statement that is made before a trial by a witness who will not be present at the trial
technical : the action of depositing something (such as sand, snow, or mud) on a surface or area especially over a period of time
formal : the act removing someone from a powerful position : the act of deposing someone

deposition

noun
de·​po·​si·​tion | \ ˌdep-ə-ˈzi-shən , ˌdē-pə- \

Medical Definition of deposition

1 : a process of depositing something the deposition and clearance of a metabolic product
2 : something deposited : deposit beta-amyloid depositions in Alzheimer's disease

deposition

noun
de·​po·​si·​tion | \ ˌde-pə-ˈzi-shən \

Legal Definition of deposition

1a : a statement that is made under oath by a party or witness (as an expert) in response to oral examination or written questions and that is recorded by an authorized officer (as a court reporter) broadly : affidavit
b : the certified document recording such a statement — compare interrogatory
2 : the hearing at which a deposition is made the deposition takes place where the deponent answers the questionsFederal Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 30(b)(4)

Note: A deposition can be used as a method of discovery, to preserve the testimony of a witness who is likely to become unavailable for trial, or for impeachment of testimony at trial. Depositions are distinguished from affidavits by the requirement that notice and an opportunity to cross-examine the deponent must be given to the other party.

History and Etymology for deposition

Late Latin depositio testimony, from Latin, act of depositing, from deponere to put down, deposit

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