de·po·si·tion | \ ˌde-pə-ˈzi-shən , ˌdē-pə- \

Definition of deposition 

1a law : a testifying especially before a court was sworn in before giving his deposition

b : declaration specifically, law : testimony taken down in writing under oath took depositions from the witnesses

c law : out-of-court testimony made under oath and recorded by an authorized officer for later use in court gave a videotaped deposition about what she witnessed also : a meeting at which such testimony is taken

2 : an act or process of laying someone or something down or letting something fall : an act or process of depositing the deposition of earth and stone by glaciers

3 : something deposited : deposit Moraines are glacial depositions.

4 : an act of removing from a position of authority : an act of deposing deposition of a king

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Other words from deposition

depositional \-ˈzish-nəl, -shə-nᵊl \ adjective

Examples of deposition in a Sentence

She gave a videotaped deposition about what she saw that night. His attorneys took depositions from the witnesses. the deposition of sand and gravel on the river bed
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Recent Examples on the Web

The school responded in court filings Thursday to allegations levied by Ian McCaw during a recent deposition in a lawsuit against the school, The Waco Tribune-Herald reported . Houston Chronicle, "Baylor denies allegations of racism, cover-up in lawsuit," 7 July 2018 But depositions in the case about Clinton’s other relationships led to the uncovering of the Monical Lewinsky scandal, which ended with his impeachment in the House of Representatives. Tessa Berenson, Time, "Two Major Lawsuits Facing President Trump Hinge on This Constitutional Question," 14 June 2018 Kaepernick's attorney said the unnamed owner made the comments while under oath during a deposition in the collusion grievance the former San Francisco 49ers quarterback filed against the league. Steve Gardner, USA TODAY, "Lawyer: Trump comments kept NFL team from signing Colin Kaepernick," 30 May 2018 Two days before Avenatti's scheduled March 2017 deposition in the arbitration, the case hit a snag. Michael Finnegan,, "Stormy Daniels' attorney Michael Avenatti accused of stiffing law partner on $2-million debt," 17 May 2018 The city has not yet released Kraynik's personnel file, but a deposition in the McCloud lawsuit shows that Kraynik was fired in 1992 from the Palm Bay, Florida police force for violating the department's sick-leave policy. Adam Ferrise And Eric Heisig -,, "Cleveland police officers face discipline after Internal Affairs finds racist text messages," 25 Apr. 2018 That included asking him about their relationship and about the witness’ deposition in the Raymond case, Olsen told the judge. Cynthia Sewell, idahostatesman, "Attorney accuses Payette Sheriff’s Office of possible jury tampering ahead of crash trial | Idaho Statesman," 20 Apr. 2018 Merck officials have given depositions in the case; the company, based in New Jersey, declined to comment. Jonathan Saltzman,, "Trade secrets battle between Alnylam, Dicerna is just one of many," 17 Apr. 2018 The rate of deposition changes throughout the year with the seasons. Kevin Davenport, idahostatesman, "Symphony of the salmon: How scientists are learning by putting fish migration to music," 9 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deposition.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of deposition

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for deposition

see depose

Late Latin depositio testimony, from Latin, act of depositing, from deponere to put down, deposit

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Last Updated

16 Sep 2018

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Time Traveler for deposition

The first known use of deposition was in the 14th century

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English Language Learners Definition of deposition

law : a formal statement that someone who has promised to tell the truth makes so that the statement can be used in court; especially : a formal statement that is made before a trial by a witness who will not be present at the trial

: the action of depositing something (such as sand, snow, or mud) on a surface or area especially over a period of time

: the act removing someone from a powerful position : the act of deposing someone


de·po·si·tion | \ ˌdep-ə-ˈzi-shən , ˌdē-pə- \

Medical Definition of deposition 

1 : a process of depositing something the deposition and clearance of a metabolic product

2 : something deposited : deposit beta-amyloid depositions in Alzheimer's disease


de·po·si·tion | \ ˌde-pə-ˈzi-shən \

Legal Definition of deposition 

1a : a statement that is made under oath by a party or witness (as an expert) in response to oral examination or written questions and that is recorded by an authorized officer (as a court reporter) broadly : affidavit

b : the certified document recording such a statement — compare interrogatory

2 : the hearing at which a deposition is made the deposition takes place where the deponent answers the questionsFederal Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 30(b)(4)

Note: A deposition can be used as a method of discovery, to preserve the testimony of a witness who is likely to become unavailable for trial, or for impeachment of testimony at trial. Depositions are distinguished from affidavits by the requirement that notice and an opportunity to cross-examine the deponent must be given to the other party.

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the setting in which something occurs

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