defect

noun
de·​fect | \ ˈdē-ˌfekt How to pronounce defect (audio) , di-ˈfekt How to pronounce defect (audio) \

Definition of defect

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : an imperfection that impairs worth or utility : shortcoming the grave defects in our foreign policy A defect prevented the DVD from playing properly.
b chemistry : an imperfection (such as a vacancy or an unlike atom) in a crystal lattice (see lattice sense 2)
2 : a lack of something necessary for completeness, adequacy, or perfection : deficiency a hearing defect

defect

verb
de·​fect | \ di-ˈfekt How to pronounce defect (audio) \
defected; defecting; defects

Definition of defect (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to forsake one cause, party, or nation for another often because of a change in ideology a former KGB agent who defected to America
2 : to leave one situation (such as a job) often to go over to a rival the reporter defected to another network

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Other Words from defect

Verb

defector \ di-​ˈfek-​tər How to pronounce defector (audio) \ noun

Examples of defect in a Sentence

Noun

They examine their products for defects. She was born with a heart defect. Vanity and pride were his two worst character defects.

Verb

The Russian scholar defected in 1979. She defected from the conservative party. He defected to the West before the war began. The reporter defected to another TV network.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Valproic acid also increased the risk of seven other birth defects, including cleft palate and four types of heart defects. Susan Scutti, CNN, "Epilepsy drugs linked to higher risk of birth defects, study says," 12 June 2019 Like any new product, the JLTV has its share of defects. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Pentagon Report Slams Military’s Humvee Replacement," 25 Feb. 2019 Cobra isn’t the only manufacturer of small, inexpensive handguns accused of such defects. Zusha Elinson, WSJ, "Small, Cheap Guns Are Back, and Some Question Their Safety," 3 Dec. 2018 Researchers also removed immune cells from the malignant mass - tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, or TILs - and found some that targeted four of those defects. Laurie Mcginley, ajc, "Researchers use immune-cell 'army' to battle another tough cancer," 4 June 2018 Getting enough of it can help reduce the risk of neural tube defects, which are problems affecting the structure that eventually forms an embryo’s brain and spinal cord. Cassie Shortsleeve, SELF, "Do I Really Need to Take Prenatal Vitamins Before I’m Even Pregnant?," 19 Apr. 2018 In fact, in most of the cases, Metro inspectors downgraded the severity of the defects. Martine Powers, Washington Post, "Metro offers defense on recent safety issues," 8 Mar. 2018 Almost an entire year has passed since the first recall of the short- and medium-bed trucks when FCA had cited more than 5600 warranty claims and nearly 200 owner reports for this same defect. Clifford Atiyeh, Car and Driver, "FCA Recalls 410,000 More Ram Pickups For Tailgates That Can Suddenly Drop Down," 21 May 2019 Instead of couches and other furniture, the mobile lab has storage boxes, 13 workstations, soldering equipment, a borescope that can find defects in pipes, 3D printing equipment and devices that measure fatigue in materials. Stephen Singer, courant.com, "Goodwin College Mobile Classroom Hits The Road To Pitch Connecticut Students On Manufacturing," 18 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Eight House Republicans, largely from swing districts, defected to support the resolution, which was backed by all but one Democrat. ... Stephanie Armour, WSJ, "Democrats, Trump Try to Keep Spotlight on Health Care," 3 Apr. 2019 Related The beer company also has stepped up its efforts to woo consumers defecting to wine and cocktails. Jennifer Maloney, WSJ, "As Americans Drink Less Alcohol, Booze Makers Look Beyond the Barrel," 17 Jan. 2019 Lopez Obrador's Morena party is also polling strongly in congressional contests, and that -- coupled with the likelihood of lawmakers defecting to the winning side -- puts a working majority within reach. Nacha Cattan And Justin Villamil, Houston Chronicle, "Expect Lopez Obrador, foe of Mexico's energy reforms, to win presidency," 15 May 2018 The civil rights movement sorted black voters into the Democratic Party and pushed racially conservative white Southerners to defect to the GOP. Zack Beauchamp, Vox, "The 9 thinkers who made sense of 2018’s chaos," 27 Dec. 2018 Meanwhile, Rhys' Philip was the more emotional character who wanted to defect in the first season. Randee Dawn, latimes.com, "'The Americans' stars reflect on the series' end and the new demonization of Russians," 24 May 2018 Nearly 20 North Korean diplomats have defected to South Korea in unpublicized incidents, according to Mr. Kang, who was a high-level defector. Andrew Jeong, WSJ, "North Korean Diplomat in Rome Disappears," 3 Jan. 2019 Several big-name Facebookers have recently defected including Cher, Elon Musk, Will Ferrell and Steve Wozniak. Mike Snider, USA TODAY, "What's at stake for Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg as he testifies before Congress," 10 Apr. 2018 Gurriel starred as a third baseman in Cuba before defecting to the United States in 2016. Chandler Rome, Houston Chronicle, "Astros' Yuli Gurriel showing adept ability to scoop at first base," 16 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'defect.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of defect

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Verb

1596, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for defect

Noun

Middle English, borrowed from Latin dēfectus "failure, absence, lack, weakness," from dēficere "to be lacking, run short, weaken, fail" + -tus, suffix of action nouns — more at deficient

Verb

borrowed from Latin dēfectus, past participle of dēficere "to be lacking, fail, become disaffected, go over (to the side of an opponent)" — more at deficient

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Statistics for defect

Last Updated

15 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for defect

The first known use of defect was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for defect

defect

noun

English Language Learners Definition of defect

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a physical problem that causes something to be less valuable, effective, healthy, etc.
: something that causes weakness or failure

defect

verb

English Language Learners Definition of defect (Entry 2 of 2)

formal : to leave a country, political party, organization, etc., and go to a different one that is a competitor or an enemy

defect

noun
de·​fect | \ ˈdē-ˌfekt How to pronounce defect (audio) , di-ˈfekt\

Kids Definition of defect

1 : something that makes a thing imperfect : flaw A slight defect lowered the diamond's value.
2 : a lack of something needed for perfection Doctors can correct the hearing defect.

defect

noun
de·​fect | \ ˈdē-ˌfekt How to pronounce defect (audio) , di-ˈ How to pronounce defect (audio) \

Medical Definition of defect

: a lack or deficiency of something necessary for adequacy in form or function a hearing defect

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defect

noun
de·​fect | \ ˈdē-ˌfekt, di-ˈfekt How to pronounce defect (audio) \

Legal Definition of defect

: something or a lack of something that results in incompleteness, inadequacy, or imperfection: as
a : a flaw in something (as a product) especially that creates an unreasonable risk of harm in its normal use — see also latent defect
b : an error or omission in a court document (as an indictment or pleading)
c : some imperfection in the chain of title to property that makes the title unmarketable

Other Words from defect

defective \ di-​ˈfek-​tiv How to pronounce defective (audio) \ adjective
defectively adverb
defectiveness noun

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More from Merriam-Webster on defect

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with defect

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for defect

Spanish Central: Translation of defect

Nglish: Translation of defect for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of defect for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about defect

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