\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Essential Meaning of cross

1 : a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
2 : the cross on which Jesus Christ died
3 : an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity a necklace with a gold cross

Full Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade


crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
b : intersect
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with up His failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with over crossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute



Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges



Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)

: across



Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise


biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician


geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross


cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross


crosser noun


crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross. Verb We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other. Adjective I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Prosecutors finished their direct questioning of Hughes; the defense will start cross-examination Monday morning. Victoria Bekiempis, Vulture, 18 Sep. 2021 Current Florida coach Dan Mullen has campaigned to play cross-division foes such as Alabama more often than the current every-six-years cycle. Mike Rodak |, al, 17 Sep. 2021 The co-mingling of ideas and intentions (cross-pollination) separates an ally from someone who seeks only to take over or engage in cultural appropriation (usurpation). Ashlee Fowlkes, Forbes, 17 Sep. 2021 But the defense’s cross-examination has mostly focused on poking holes in the individual accusers’ stories and casting doubt on their credibility. Jason Meisner,, 17 Sep. 2021 Sharon Wheatley, the musical’s Diane, rented an RV for the first time in her life and drove her family cross-country. Washington Post, 16 Sep. 2021 The scale of the investment, the engineering, the overlapping interests, the cross-cutting visions and values – only politics can put all that together and sort all that out. Marshall Ingwerson, The Christian Science Monitor, 16 Sep. 2021 All ballots will be processed Tuesday night, per state law, and cross-referenced with voter rolls from each polling station, the city Election Department said in a statement., 15 Sep. 2021 Attorney Joe Churchwell, who represented Snodgrass along with attorney Brent Miller, hammered at Nguyen's testimony during cross-examination, while showing security footage from Oaklawn of the incident, some of which was obscured by a pillar. Steven Mross, Arkansas Online, 11 Sep. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb While the sale would add substantially to both counties’ property tax bases, Cache council members raised concerns about the sale’s potential to disrupt grazing and county roads that cross the parcel. Brian Maffly, The Salt Lake Tribune, 4 Sep. 2021 The Lions, who did not cross midfield on their final four possessions, used Friday’s preseason finale to evaluate several up-for-grabs roster spots. Dave Birkett, Detroit Free Press, 28 Aug. 2021 Cables that cross the Atlantic and Pacific oceans at high latitude would be at greater risk from even moderate storms. Lily Hay Newman, Wired, 26 Aug. 2021 That begins with a dramatic change in culture with accountability and no tolerance for individuals who cross the line. Ivan Pereira, ABC News, 24 Aug. 2021 Under another initiative, those who cross the U.S. border more than once could be criminally charged and prosecuted. Camilo Montoya-galvez, CBS News, 24 Aug. 2021 Deer are strong swimmers who often cross large rivers or parts of the sea to get past large roads or towns such as Weymouth. People Staff,, 23 Aug. 2021 Regardless, Hill got a lot of reps, and then was replaced in the slot by rookie cornerback Greg Newsome II, who’s cross training outside and in the slot to increase his versatility. cleveland, 22 Aug. 2021 Are migrants who cross the border illegally allowed to enter the U.S.? Michelle Hackman, WSJ, 21 Aug. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Most companies need to start with building a data architecture that is cross-functional. James Gilbert, Forbes, 8 Sep. 2021 The council in each country is cross-departmental from finance, HR, communications, and sales, among others, and meets monthly. Sheryl Estrada, Fortune, 8 Sep. 2021 But the regions' urban centers captivate voters, too, with the best cities in Central and South America offering an exhilarating blend of modern culture, cross-cultural cuisine, and adventures of their own. Sarah Bruning, Travel + Leisure, 8 Sep. 2021 He is believed to have coordinated and participated in cross-border attacks against U.S. and coalition forces in Afghanistan. Christine Theodorou, Aleem Agha, Habibullah Khan, ABC News, 8 Sep. 2021 Collins and McDowell became engaged last year when the writer-director proposed to the actress during a quarantine cross-country road trip. Bianca Betancourt, Harper's BAZAAR, 7 Sep. 2021 Start by volunteering to be included in major projects or cross-functional teams within the organization. Michael Smith, USA TODAY, 7 Sep. 2021 Rob, who played at cross-town rival Hall, came along as a student-teacher in 1972 and became an assistant under McKee. Lori Riley,, 6 Sep. 2021 Eide’s parents enrolled him in a cross-disciplinary art program called the Art Academy at the Edina Art Center in Edina, a suburb of Minneapolis. Lyndi Mcnulty,, 6 Sep. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Talking to her sometimes feels like being cross-examined by the world’s smallest and cutest litigator. Jessica Grose, New York Times, 28 Apr. 2021 Arradondo was being cross-examined by defense attorney Eric Nelson before court recessed for an afternoon break. Erin Donaghue, CBS News, 6 Apr. 2021 Beshear said every death certificate in the state from that time was pulled and cross-referenced to the COVID list state officials use to determine the count. Steve Bittenbender, Washington Examiner, 22 Mar. 2021 The staffing challenges have also meant some health care workers are being cross-trained to ensure there is coverage in the ICU. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 28 Dec. 2020 Prepare your office for a number of your employees suffering a serious disruption in their work; make sure that the more important positions have employees cross-trained to provide backups just in case. Gleb Tsipursky, Fortune, 29 Oct. 2020 And that’s the case with this show for which Cai Guo-Qiang, Paul Chan, Richard Prince, Julie Mehretu, Carrie Mae Weems and Jenny Holzer were invited to select six separate yet cross-talking thematic displays, one per ramp. Jason Farago, New York Times, 28 Nov. 2019 The two men sat cross-legged on the floor in the traditional style, with M.B.Z. serving his father coffee. New York Times, 9 Jan. 2020 The wax figure sits cross-legged on a chair in the corner of Jenner’s home bar wearing a black sequin Dolce & Gabbana tuxedo jacket, complete with a pair of pointy-toed heels and a diamond ring. Natasha Reda, Glamour, 21 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1551, in the meaning defined above


1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Time Traveler for cross

Time Traveler

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near cross




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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

21 Sep 2021

Cite this Entry

“Cross.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 22 Sep. 2021.

Style: MLA
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More Definitions for cross


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.


crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)


crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind


transitive verb

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds



Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about cross


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