\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 7)

1a : a structure consisting of an upright with a transverse beam used especially by the ancient Romans for execution
b often capitalized : the cross on which Jesus was crucified
b : an affliction that tries one's virtue, steadfastness, or patience We all have our crosses to bear.
3 : a cruciform sign made to invoke the blessing of Christ especially by touching the forehead, breast, and shoulders
4a : a device composed of an upright bar traversed (see traverse entry 1 sense transitive 3) by a horizontal one specifically : one used as a Christian symbol
b capitalized : the Christian religion
5 : a structure (such as a monument) shaped like or surmounted by a cross a cross over a grave
6 : a figure or mark formed by two intersecting lines crossing at their midpoints The crosses at the end of the letter indicate kisses. specifically : such a mark used as a signature
7 : a cruciform badge, emblem, or decoration
8 : the intersection of two ways or lines : crossing
9 : annoyance, thwarting a cross in love
10a : an act of crossing (see cross entry 2 sense 8) dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind The dog is a cross of a hunting dog and a sheepdog.
c : one that combines characteristics of two different types or individuals A zedonk is a cross between a zebra and a donkey.
11a : a fraudulent or dishonest contest "I never fought a cross or struck a foul blow in my life … "— George Bernard Shaw
b : dishonest or illegal practices used especially in the phrase on the cross
12 : a movement from one part of a theater stage to another
13a : a punch thrown over the opponent's lead in boxing hit him with a right cross
b : an attacking pass in soccer played across the field from one side to the other or to the middle
14 : a security transaction in which a broker acts for both buyer and seller (as in the placing of a large lot of common stock)

called also cross-trade


crossed; crossing; crosses

Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 7)

transitive verb

1a : to lie or be situated across
2 : to make the sign of the cross upon or over
3 : to cancel by marking a cross on or drawing a line through : strike out cross names off a list
4 : to place or fold crosswise one over the other cross the arms
5a(1) : to run counter to : oppose
(2) : to deny the validity of : contradict
b : to confront in a troublesome manner : obstruct
c(1) : to spoil completely : disrupt used with upHis failure to appear crossed up the whole program.
(2) : to turn against : betray crossed me up on the deal
6a : to extend across or over : traverse a highway crossing the entire state
b : reach, attain Only two crossed the finish line.
c : to go from one side of to the other cross a street crosses racial barriers
7a : to draw a line across
b : to mark or figure with lines : streak
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize
9 : to meet and pass on the way Our letters must have crossed each other.
10 : to occur to It never crossed my mind.
11 : to carry or take across something crossed the children at the intersection
12 : to turn (the eyes) inward toward the nose The boy made a funny face and crossed his eyes.

intransitive verb

1a : to move, pass, or extend across something crossed through France crossed over to the other side of the river
b : to move or pass from one character, condition, or allegiance to another used with overcrossing over to vote for another party's candidate
2 : to lie or be athwart each other
3 : to meet in passing especially from opposite directions
cross one's fingers or keep one's fingers crossed
: to hope for a particular or stated outcome Owners are crossing their fingers that relief might be on the way.— Mike Freeman Keep your fingers crossed that something will be worked out.— Marge Crumbaker
cross paths
: to meet especially by chance crossed paths with an old friend on a business trip
cross swords
: to engage in a dispute



Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 7)

1a : lying across or athwart
b : moving across cross traffic
2a : running counter : opposite
b : mutually opposed cross purposes
3 : involving mutual interchange : reciprocal
4 : marked by typically transitory bad temper
5 : extending over or treating several groups, conditions, or classes a cross sample from 25 colleges

Definition of cross (Entry 4 of 7)



Definition of cross (Entry 5 of 7)

: not parallel : crisscross, crosswise


biographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 6 of 7)

Wilbur Lucius 1862–1948 American educator and politician


geographical name
\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce Cross (audio) \

Definition of Cross (Entry 7 of 7)

river 300 miles (483 kilometers) long in western Cameroon and southeastern Nigeria flowing west and south into the Gulf of Guinea

Illustration of cross

Illustration of cross


cross 4a: 1 Latin, 2 Calvary, 3 patriarchal or cross of Lorraine, 4 papal, 5 cross of Lorraine, 6 Greek, 7 Celtic, 8 Maltese, 9 Saint Andrew's, 10 tau, 11 pommée, 12 botonée, 13 fleury, 14 avellan, 15 moline, 16 formée, 17 fourchée, 18 crosslet, 19 quadrate, 20 potent

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from cross


crosser noun


crossly adverb
crossness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for cross

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of cross in a Sentence

Noun a necklace with a gold cross The teacher marked the absent students on her list with crosses. Those who could not write signed their names with a cross. Verb We crossed the state border hours ago. The dog crossed the street. The highway crosses the entire state. He was the first runner to cross the finish line. The train crosses through France. Put a nail where the boards cross. One line crossed the other. Adjective I didn't mean to make you cross. I was cross with her for being so careless.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun His bold, bright ensemble of purples and reds is accented by his signature dangling cross earring and a pair of too-clean-for-this city white boots. Ineye Komonibo,, "Jordan Fisher Is Our Wholesome New Heartthrob," 12 Feb. 2020 Hamill’s Dracula doesn’t have fangs, live in a coffin, or fear crosses. Maya Phillips, The New Yorker, "A “Dracula” for the Age of #MeToo," 11 Feb. 2020 There is cross-over voting in New Hampshire, and parties have been known to mess with each other in the primary. David Jackson, USA TODAY, "Trump says Coronavirus will be gone by April when the weather gets warmer - updates," 10 Feb. 2020 Vestavia Hills junior Ethan Strand won a second straight AHSAA Class 7A individual cross country championship last fall to highlight a stellar season. Josh Bean |, al, "Vestavia Hills state champ named state’s No. 1 boys cross country runner," 10 Feb. 2020 His pinpoint pass onto Frenkie De Jong's chest and free-kick into the box for Sergio Busquets twice canceled out Betis' lead in an enthralling first half, before Clement Lenglet headed home the winner from another Messi cross in the second half. Matias Grez, CNN, "Lionel Messi puts out yet another Barcelona fire with a hat-trick of assists," 10 Feb. 2020 Northeastern had several chances to expand the lead after Jake Wise was whistled for a cross check on Tyler Madden, but Sam Tucker, on in place of Ashton Abel, made several sprawling saves to keep the Terriers close. Andrew Mahoney,, "Northeastern scores Beanpot hat trick in 2 OTs," 10 Feb. 2020 But, after some 70 years of wear—not to mention the cross country road trip—the table was in need of a little TLC. Hadley Keller, House Beautiful, "How To Refinish a Vintage Midcentury Coffee Table," 7 Feb. 2020 These include driver-assistance technology such as automatic high-beams, blind-spot monitoring, and rear cross-traffic alert. Eric Stafford, Car and Driver, "2020 Jeep Gladiator and Wrangler Now Come Rolling on Dubs," 6 Feb. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Highways converge here before crossing the river into Harrisburg, the state capital. USA Today, "‘The tongue is a fire’: Southern Baptist church fractures over secrets and spiritual abuse," 13 Feb. 2020 The incident happened early Tuesday morning as the man who was later identified as Patrick Crowley was crossing Richmond Highway near Giles Run Road, according to Fairfax County police. Dana Hedgpeth, Washington Post, "Pedestrian struck and killed by vehicle in Lorton is identified," 12 Feb. 2020 But as a woo-allergic atheist adult, the urge to willfully commingle my DNA with that of my tall leafy brethren had not crossed my mind. Michael Calore, Wired, "Duuuuude. What Happens If the Earth Gains Consciousness?," 11 Feb. 2020 Trade at the border Canada is New York's largest export market with $16.8 billion in goods crossing the border in 2018 alone. Nicole Goodkind, Fortune, "More than a travel inconvenience: New York State braces for the economic impact of Trump’s Trusted Traveler bans," 11 Feb. 2020 During the costly surveillance effort that Ms. Hvistendahl chronicles, seed shipments get intercepted, suspects get confronted by agents moments before flying back to China, and one person escapes the dragnet by crossing the border into Canada. Howard W. French, WSJ, "‘The Scientist and the Spy’ Review: Agent Running in the Field," 9 Feb. 2020 While simply crossing the border or parachuting in is not an option, SDVs allow SEALs to travel quietly through the green opaque waters of the sea, slipping right under the enemy’s nose. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "This Mini-Sub Is Like a Commuter Bus for Navy SEAL Commandos," 22 Jan. 2020 As the man crossed the street at Baker and Fair, a citizen used his car to block him. Bob Sandrick, cleveland, "Citizen helps police stop wanted man; girls rip gutters off cottage at treatment center: Berea Police Blotter," 17 Jan. 2020 The study takes place in the world of simulated sports: soccer, sumo wrestling, and a game where a person stops a runner from crossing a line. Matthew Hutson, Science | AAAS, "Watch this AI goalie psych out its opponent in the most hilarious way," 26 Dec. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective James was a talented cross country runner, qualifying for the state meet his junior year. Tyler Kraft, Indianapolis Star, "Waldron cross country runner killed in car crash," 21 Oct. 2019 About El Capitan High cross country runner Carolinh Calvert’s first name. San Diego Union-Tribune, "El Capitan’s high-achieving runner," 19 Sep. 2019 The other finalists were Male cross country runner Dylan Allen and North Oldham swimmer Will Tarvestad. Gabe Hauari, The Courier-Journal, "Trinity's Rondale Moore named Courier Journal Kentucky Boys Athlete of the Year," 7 June 2018 Now, it is embedded in a unified, global organization that promises improved cross-regional collaboration and more effective resource deployment. Eric D. Lawrence, Detroit Free Press, "Next Jeep redesign could happen more quickly," 24 Dec. 2019 Unlike in-house drama, live sports has zero rerun value and very little cross-border appeal. Scott Roxborough, The Hollywood Reporter, "Is Streaming the Future for International Sports Rights?," 24 Dec. 2019 Green is two-time Class 2A state champion in the 800-meter run and recently finished third in the Class 2A state cross country championships. Paul Hodowanic, Twin Cities, "Eastview 800-meter standout AJ Green to run at Kansas," 12 Nov. 2019 Running success: The Cuyahoga Community College (Tri-C®) women’s cross country team claimed its first NJCAA Region XII championship, while qualifying for the national championship race for the 19th consecutive year. Shirley Macfarland, cleveland, "Strongsville Rotary forum to address human trafficking: Strong Points," 1 Nov. 2019 But Santa Rosalia, our cross street, is almost the equivalent of the tracks. Los Angeles Times, "How Post & Beam, the successful black-owned South L.A. restaurant, stayed in local hands," 9 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb The two men sat cross-legged on the floor in the traditional style, with M.B.Z. serving his father coffee. New York Times, "Mohammed bin Zayed’s Dark Vision of the Middle East’s Future," 9 Jan. 2020 The wax figure sits cross-legged on a chair in the corner of Jenner’s home bar wearing a black sequin Dolce & Gabbana tuxedo jacket, complete with a pair of pointy-toed heels and a diamond ring. Natasha Reda, Glamour, "Kris Jenner Has a Life-Size Wax Figure of Herself in Her House," 21 Dec. 2019 Later in the evening, after Ben and Ella return home from their outing, Ella sits cross-legged on the living room couch, studying an image of her mother outside the flamingo enclosure at the zoo. Caitlin Gibson, Washington Post, "What does it mean to create new life when one parent is dying?," 9 Dec. 2019 At the pageant, children sat cross-legged in the dirt, crowded close to the spindly stage where the contestants spun and danced in red feather headdresses, gold brocade and clouds of tulle. Aurora Almendral, New York Times, "A Transgender Paradox, and Platform, in the Philippines," 29 Apr. 2018 In a corner of their studio, a small white robot sits cross-legged, surrounded by coils of sweet-smelling incense. The Economist, "Prophets and profitsIn South Korea fortune-telling will soon be a $3.7bn business," 24 Feb. 2018 The company projects that the merger will result in more than $1 billion in cost savings and eventually generate additional revenue from cross-selling products and services to its customers. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Molinaroli left his mark on Johnson Controls in his brief, tumultuous tenure as CEO," 2 Sep. 2017 Both assertions were rejected in January by a federal appeals court in Richmond, Va., which found that the jury instructions were valid and that the witness already had been cross-examined once, and a second cross would yield nothing materially new. Michael Hiltzik,, "A convicted coal executive is still trying to dodge blame for the deaths of 29 miners," 24 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cross.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cross


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1551, in the meaning defined above


1577, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cross

Noun, Verb, Adjective, Preposition, and Adverb

Middle English, from Old English, from Old Norse or Old Irish; Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin cruc-, crux

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Time Traveler for cross

Time Traveler

The first known use of cross was before the 12th century

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Statistics for cross

Last Updated

15 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Cross.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 17 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for cross


How to pronounce Cross (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: a long piece of wood with a shorter piece across it near the top that people were once fastened to and left to die on as a form of punishment
: the cross on which Jesus Christ died
: an object or image in the shape of a cross that is used as a symbol of Christianity



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to go from one side of (something) to the other : to go across (something)
: to go or pass across each other
: to place one arm, leg, etc., over the other



English Language Learners Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

: annoyed or angry


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Kids Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a structure, object, or mark formed by two lines that cross each other
2 often capitalized : the structure on which Jesus Christ was crucified used as a symbol of Christianity
3 : a mixture of two different things, types, or qualities The game is a cross of luck and skill.
cross to bear
: a hardship that someone endures for a long time We all have our crosses to bear.


crossed; crossing

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to move, pass, or extend across or past Look both ways before you cross the street.
2 : to place one over the other Cross your fingers!
3 : to lie or be situated across A path crosses the front yard.
4 : to go across : intersect
5 : to turn (the eyes) toward the nose
6 : to draw a line across Remember to cross your t's.
7 : to act against : oppose She's tough, and I wouldn't dare to cross her.
8 : to cause (an animal or plant) to breed with one of another kind : produce hybrids
9 : to pass going in opposite directions Their letters crossed in the mail.
cross off
: to draw a line through (something) You can cross my name off the list.
cross out
: to draw a line through (something) to show that it is wrong I crossed out the misspelled word.
cross someone's mind
: to be thought of by someone Losing never crossed her mind.
cross yourself
: to touch the forehead, chest, and shoulders as an expression of Christian faith (as in prayer)


crosser; crossest

Kids Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : hard to get along with : irritable
2 : lying, falling, or passing across a cross street

Other Words from cross

crossly adverb


\ ˈkrȯs How to pronounce cross (audio) \

Medical Definition of cross

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a device composed of an upright bar traversed by a horizontal one
2a : an act of crossing dissimilar individuals
b : a crossbred individual or kind

Medical Definition of cross (Entry 2 of 3)

: to cause (an animal or plant) to interbreed with one of a different kind : hybridize the crossing of two cattle breeds



Medical Definition of cross (Entry 3 of 3)

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More from Merriam-Webster on cross

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cross

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cross

Spanish Central: Translation of cross

Nglish: Translation of cross for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cross for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about cross

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