noun (1)
crop·​per | \ ˈkrä-pər How to pronounce cropper (audio) \

Definition of cropper

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : one that crops
2 : one that raises crops specifically : sharecropper


noun (2)

Definition of cropper (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a severe fall
2 : a sudden or violent failure or collapse

Synonyms & Antonyms for cropper

Synonyms: Noun (2)

Antonyms: Noun (2)

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First Known Use of cropper

Noun (1)

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun (2)

1850, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for cropper

Noun (1)

Middle English, "a person who reaps crops or trims trees," from croppen "to crop entry 2" + -er -er entry 2

Noun (2)

of uncertain origin

Note: The Oxford English Dictionary, first edition, suggests some relationship with the phrase neck and crop "completely, entirely," usually in reference to a fall or to expulsion from a place. Joseph Wright's English Dialect Dictionary records crop in the sense "neck, throat" from a few northern and western locations; presumably this is a sense of crop entry 1. In this event, neck and crop would be a joining of two synonyms. Whatever value these hints have, a full etymology is lacking.

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Time Traveler for cropper

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The first known use of cropper was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near cropper

crop pasture



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Cite this Entry

“Cropper.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 23 May. 2022.

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Britannica English: Translation of cropper for Arabic Speakers


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