cren·​el·​lat·​ed | \ ˈkre-nə-ˌlā-təd How to pronounce crenellated (audio) \
variants: or crenelated

Definition of crenellated

: having crenellations a crenellated wall

Examples of crenellated in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The sturdy, crenellated fortress, a symbol of might and power, was commissioned by the King after his conquest of Wales. Juliet Rieden, Town & Country, "Why Prince Charles Holds the Title of Prince of Wales—and Why He Was So Unpopular In the Beginning," 28 Nov. 2019 The misty mountain ridges and the crenellated ramparts snaking along them as far as the eye could see were beautiful. Klara Glowczewska, Town & Country, "Why Now Is the Time to Visit China," 14 July 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crenellated.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of crenellated

circa 1823, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for crenellated

from past participle of crenellate "to furnish with crenellations," borrowed (with -ate entry 3 replacing ) from French crenelé "having crenellations," going back to Old French quernelé, from crenel, quernel "crenellation" (from cren, cran "notch"—going back to Gallo-Romance *crēn- or *crĭn-, of uncertain origin— + -el, diminutive suffix) + -ee entry 1

Note: While French appears to have reflexes of a Romance masculine noun, a feminine noun is evident in Franco-Provençal, Sursilvan (Rhaeto-Romance dialect), and Upper Italian dialects. Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (2.2. pp. 1339-42) sees the noun as a derivative of a verb *crĭnare "to split," putatively from Gaulish; but the sole basis of this hypothesis is the Old Irish verb ara-chrin "(it) decays, fails, withers" (with an infixed neuter singular pronoun), the etymology of which is quite uncertain. If the base is *crin- "sift, shake, separate" (see Stefan Schumacher, Die Keltischen Primärverben, Innsbruck, 2004, pp. 420-22), there can be no connection with "split" or "notch." Pace Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, there is no verb crenare in the Reichenau Glosses.

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The first known use of crenellated was circa 1823

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Cite this Entry

“Crenellated.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 17 May. 2021.

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English Language Learners Definition of crenellated

: having open spaces at the top of a wall so that people can shoot guns and cannons outward

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