conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion | \ kən-ˈvik-shən How to pronounce conviction (audio) \

Definition of conviction

1 : the act or process of finding a person guilty of a crime especially in a court of law
2a : a strong persuasion or belief
b : the state of being convinced
3a : the act of convincing a person of error or of compelling the admission of a truth
b : the state of being convinced of error or compelled to admit the truth

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Choose the Right Synonym for conviction

certainty, certitude, conviction mean a state of being free from doubt. certainty and certitude are very close; certainty may stress the existence of objective proof claims that cannot be confirmed with scientific certainty , while certitude may emphasize a faith in something not needing or not capable of proof. believes with certitude in an afterlife conviction applies especially to belief strongly held by an individual. holds firm convictions on every issue

opinion, view, belief, conviction, persuasion, sentiment mean a judgment one holds as true. opinion implies a conclusion thought out yet open to dispute. each expert seemed to have a different opinion view suggests a subjective opinion. very assertive in stating his views belief implies often deliberate acceptance and intellectual assent. a firm belief in her party's platform conviction applies to a firmly and seriously held belief. the conviction that animal life is as sacred as human persuasion suggests a belief grounded on assurance (as by evidence) of its truth. was of the persuasion that everything changes sentiment suggests a settled opinion reflective of one's feelings. her feminist sentiments are well-known

Examples of conviction in a Sentence

… a perfect example, I told Bobby,  … why Realtors have to be prepared to work holidays. "Well, yeah," he said, utterly without conviction. — Jane Smiley, Good Faith, 2003 It was his conviction that if the words in the story were blurred because of the author's insensitivity, carelessness, or sentimentality, then the story suffered from a tremendous handicap. — Raymond Carver, The Story and Its Writer, edited by Ann Charters, 1987 She spoke in … the voice which people often used to express their deepest convictions — Paula Fox, A Servant's Tale, 1984 Certainly the basis of our democracy is the conviction of the worth of the individual. — Robert Penn Warren, Democracy and Poetry, (1975) 1976 She hopes to avoid conviction. In light of the evidence, a conviction seems certain. He has three prior drunk-driving convictions. Convictions for shoplifting have made it difficult for her to get a job. a person of deep convictions They share my strong conviction that the policy is misguided.
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Recent Examples on the Web The most serious counts against Lee are aggravated second-degree battery, which carries one to 15 years in prison upon conviction, and being a felon in possession of a gun, punishable by five years to 20 years in prison. Ramon Antonio Vargas | Staff Writer, NOLA.com, "12-year-old boy sitting in stolen car shot by friend of vehicle owner's daughter, NOPD says," 20 Sep. 2020 But that conviction fell to 35 percent among those polled under age 25. Washington Post, "With the Charlie Hebdo trial underway, does ‘Je suis Charlie’ still resonate in France?," 20 Sep. 2020 Martin’s first conviction also was vacated last summer, court records show. Justin Fenton, baltimoresun.com, "Convicted for hurting her young son, and imprisoned a decade later after he died, a mother is now free and has no record at all," 19 Sep. 2020 Lincoln’s conviction that slavery was profoundly unnatural must be understood in these terms. Cameron Hilditch, National Review, "Self-Interest Is Not Enough: Lincoln’s Classical Revision of the Founding," 18 Sep. 2020 Her efforts were centered around overturning Irons' conviction. Alexa Philippou, courant.com, "UConn great Maya Moore announces she’s married Jonathan Irons, the man whose conviction she helped overturn," 16 Sep. 2020 Noor has appealed the conviction, CNN affiliate WCCO reported. Nicole Chavez, CNN, "Breonna Taylor settlement is among largest payouts linked to a police shooting," 16 Sep. 2020 Sweasy and Lofton led the state’s first murder conviction against a police officer for the on-duty killing of a civilian. Chao Xiong, Star Tribune, "Judge disqualifies some prosecutors for 'sloppy' work in George Floyd case," 11 Sep. 2020 The conviction comes amid national unrest in the wake of the police incidents with George Floyd in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Jacob Blake in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Michael Lee, Washington Examiner, "Convicted police killer receives two life sentences and additional 835 years behind bars," 10 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'conviction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of conviction

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for conviction

see convict entry 2

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Time Traveler for conviction

Time Traveler

The first known use of conviction was in the 15th century

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Statistics for conviction

Last Updated

24 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Conviction.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/conviction. Accessed 24 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for conviction

conviction

noun
How to pronounce conviction (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of conviction

law : the act of proving that a person is guilty of a crime in a court of law
: a strong belief or opinion
: the feeling of being sure that what you believe or say is true

conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion | \ kən-ˈvik-shən How to pronounce conviction (audio) \

Kids Definition of conviction

1 : a strong belief or opinion political convictions
2 : the state of mind of a person who is sure that what he or she believes or says is true She spoke with conviction.
3 : the act of proving or finding guilty : the state of being proven guilty He appealed his conviction.

conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion

Legal Definition of conviction

1 : the act or process of convicting also : the final judgment entered after a finding of guilt a prior conviction of murder would not overturn the conviction — compare acquittal

Note: Jurisdictions differ as to what constitutes conviction for various statutes (as habitual offender statutes). Conviction is rarely applied to civil cases.

2 : guilt the judge will enter a judgment of conviction— W. R. LaFave and J. H. Israel

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Comments on conviction

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