conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion | \ kən-ˈvik-shən How to pronounce conviction (audio) \

Definition of conviction

1 : the act or process of finding a person guilty of a crime especially in a court of law
2a : a strong persuasion or belief
b : the state of being convinced
3a : the act of convincing a person of error or of compelling the admission of a truth
b : the state of being convinced of error or compelled to admit the truth

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Choose the Right Synonym for conviction

certainty, certitude, conviction mean a state of being free from doubt. certainty and certitude are very close; certainty may stress the existence of objective proof claims that cannot be confirmed with scientific certainty , while certitude may emphasize a faith in something not needing or not capable of proof. believes with certitude in an afterlife conviction applies especially to belief strongly held by an individual. holds firm convictions on every issue

opinion, view, belief, conviction, persuasion, sentiment mean a judgment one holds as true. opinion implies a conclusion thought out yet open to dispute. each expert seemed to have a different opinion view suggests a subjective opinion. very assertive in stating his views belief implies often deliberate acceptance and intellectual assent. a firm belief in her party's platform conviction applies to a firmly and seriously held belief. the conviction that animal life is as sacred as human persuasion suggests a belief grounded on assurance (as by evidence) of its truth. was of the persuasion that everything changes sentiment suggests a settled opinion reflective of one's feelings. her feminist sentiments are well-known

Examples of conviction in a Sentence

… a perfect example, I told Bobby,  … why Realtors have to be prepared to work holidays. "Well, yeah," he said, utterly without conviction. — Jane Smiley, Good Faith, 2003 It was his conviction that if the words in the story were blurred because of the author's insensitivity, carelessness, or sentimentality, then the story suffered from a tremendous handicap. — Raymond Carver, The Story and Its Writer, edited by Ann Charters, 1987 She spoke in … the voice which people often used to express their deepest convictions — Paula Fox, A Servant's Tale, 1984 Certainly the basis of our democracy is the conviction of the worth of the individual. — Robert Penn Warren, Democracy and Poetry, (1975) 1976 She hopes to avoid conviction. In light of the evidence, a conviction seems certain. He has three prior drunk-driving convictions. Convictions for shoplifting have made it difficult for her to get a job. a person of deep convictions They share my strong conviction that the policy is misguided.
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Recent Examples on the Web Court records show Boglin has had multiple arrests and convictions, mostly for property crimes. Carol Robinson | Crobinson@al.com, al, "Business acquaintance charged in torching of Hoover home that killed owner’s dog," 21 Nov. 2019 Given the impossibility of a senatorial conviction, the only strategy is to taint the president with the brand of impeachment and weaken him in the 2020 election. Victor Davis Hanson, National Review, "The Impeachment Clock," 19 Nov. 2019 In a court filing, the government also cited five previous convictions, including for felony drug possession, as well as a history of disobeying court orders, as reasons to detain Mr. Frey. Nicole Hong, New York Times, "Man in Sex Kidnapping Case Had Zip Ties and Ropes, U.S. Says," 15 Nov. 2019 He was convicted of aggravated murder in 2001, but in 2017, the Oregon Court of Appeals overturned the conviction, citing inadequate representation from the defense during the original trial. oregonlive, "Man sentenced to life without parole for 1998 murder of Tigard girl," 14 Nov. 2019 Felony convictions and arrests for certain crimes would disqualify asylum-seekers from obtaining work authorization. Camilo Montoya-galvez, CBS News, "U.S. to restrict work permits to most asylum-seekers in move to deter border crossers," 13 Nov. 2019 Documents show the company's American subsidiaries have hired or retained at least 300 employees with questionable records, including criminal convictions, allegations of violence and prior law enforcement careers that ended in disgrace. USA Today, "A security empire deployed guards with violent pasts across the U.S. Some went on to rape, assault or kill," 31 Oct. 2019 Doss, who has a long history of speeding tickets and a prior drunken-driving conviction, ran a red light at Warrensville Center and South Woodland roads in his rented Chevrolet Silverado and crashed into the back of the Altima. Cory Shaffer, cleveland, "Man gets nearly two decades in prison in drunken-driving crash that left Beachwood math teacher, nonprofit worker dead," 30 Oct. 2019 The Bexar County District Attorney’s Office charged Cantu with felony murder instead of intoxication manslaughter because of his previous driving while intoxicated convictions, according to court records. Elizabeth Zavala, ExpressNews.com, "DWI offender guilty of murder in death of San Antonio motorcyclist in 2018," 28 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'conviction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of conviction

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for conviction

see convict entry 2

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Time Traveler for conviction

Time Traveler

The first known use of conviction was in the 15th century

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Statistics for conviction

Last Updated

28 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Conviction.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/conviction?show=0&t=1338408533. Accessed 10 December 2019.

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More Definitions for conviction

conviction

noun
How to pronounce conviction (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of conviction

law : the act of proving that a person is guilty of a crime in a court of law
: a strong belief or opinion
: the feeling of being sure that what you believe or say is true

conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion | \ kən-ˈvik-shən How to pronounce conviction (audio) \

Kids Definition of conviction

1 : a strong belief or opinion political convictions
2 : the state of mind of a person who is sure that what he or she believes or says is true She spoke with conviction.
3 : the act of proving or finding guilty : the state of being proven guilty He appealed his conviction.

conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion

Legal Definition of conviction

1 : the act or process of convicting also : the final judgment entered after a finding of guilt a prior conviction of murder would not overturn the conviction — compare acquittal

Note: Jurisdictions differ as to what constitutes conviction for various statutes (as habitual offender statutes). Conviction is rarely applied to civil cases.

2 : guilt the judge will enter a judgment of conviction— W. R. LaFave and J. H. Israel

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