Middle English contumacie, from Anglo-French, from Latin contumacia, from contumac-, contumax rebellious
13th century, in the meaning defined above
“Contumacy.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/contumacy. Accessed 8 Dec. 2022.
History and Etymology for contumacy
Latin contumacia, literally, defiance, obstinacy
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