con·​stit·​u·​ent | \ kən-ˈstich-wənt How to pronounce constituent (audio) , -ˈsti-chə-, -ˈsti-chü-ənt \

Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a member of a constituency pledged to help her elderly constituents
2 : an essential part : component, element The organic constituents of plants, animals, and microorganisms …— Harry S. Mosher et al.
3 : one who authorizes another to act as agent : principal
4 : a structural unit of a definable syntactic, semantic, or phonological category that consists of one or more linguistic elements (such as words, morphemes, or features) and that can occur as a component of a larger construction



Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : serving to form, compose, or make up a unit or whole : component constituent parts
2 : having the power to create a government or frame or amend a constitution a constituent assembly

Other Words from constituent


constituently adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for constituent

Synonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for constituent


element, component, constituent, ingredient mean one of the parts of a compound or complex whole. element applies to any such part and often connotes irreducible simplicity. the basic elements of geometry component and constituent may designate any of the substances (whether elements or compounds) or the qualities that enter into the makeup of a complex product; component stresses its separate entity or distinguishable character. the components of a stereo system constituent stresses its essential and formative character. the constituents of a chemical compound ingredient applies to any of the substances which when combined form a particular mixture. the ingredients of a cocktail

Examples of constituent in a Sentence

Noun She's pledged to help her elderly constituents. Many senators have received calls from constituents who want them to vote in favor of the law. the chemical constituents of the liquid Adjective The company can be separated into several constituent parts.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun But Cawthorn also proved terrible—negligent, his critics said—at constituent service. Peter Slevin, The New Yorker, 27 May 2022 As political civility wanes, congressional staffers and interns answering constituent calls in congressional offices find themselves on the front lines of public anger. Amy Nakamura, USA TODAY, 24 May 2022 These function by splitting water molecules into their constituent atoms using electricity. Christiaan Hetzner, Fortune, 9 June 2022 The table shows that, through Tuesday June 8th, all Asbury 6 constituent metrics are positive (green). John Kosar, Forbes, 8 June 2022 Council staff arrived at the new base salary by calculating the average amount that peer city councilors across the country are paid per constituent, with cost-of-living adjustments. Amelia Pak-harvey, The Indianapolis Star, 7 June 2022 Jackson, who was a constituent of Valadao’s before the recent redistricting, is among the fierce critics who live in deep-red pockets that border Valadao’s district. Melanie Masonstaff Writer, Los Angeles Times, 23 May 2022 Carbon is a primary constituent of organisms on Earth. NBC News, 28 Apr. 2022 This word exists as a name for what the Russians did to the Ukrainians in 1932–33, when Ukraine was a not-entirely willing constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, 28 Apr. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The world’s northernmost capital, sort of Greenland is a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark with a home rule government based in Nuuk. David Nikel, Forbes, 14 May 2022 Lawmakers said a tremendous amount of work has gone into drafting the bill and engaging with a broad array of constituent groups over the last year. Erica E. Phillips, Hartford Courant, 13 Apr. 2022 Societies and nations, like their constituent citizens, also have physical needs such as heating, food and water. Jemma Green, Forbes, 22 Apr. 2022 The islands are a constituent country of the Netherlands, part of the EU. Max Colchester And Margot Patrick, WSJ, 15 Mar. 2022 The modern Belarusian state is a creature of 1991, when the Soviet Union dissolved into constituent parts. Jason Fields, The Week, 22 Mar. 2022 Wang and his colleagues use a very similar process—but instead of completely breaking the battery down to its constituent chemical elements, their technique keeps some of the old cathode’s crucial composition intact. Jordan Wilkerson, Scientific American, 1 Feb. 2022 One senses the priority of the public and collective aspects of religion in the pavilion, so that the two buildings present a logical division of spiritual practice into its constituent parts. Washington Post, 25 Feb. 2022 In the days and weeks after the coup plotters were rousted and Gorbachev returned to power, the constituent republics of the Soviet Union each moved toward independence — the death of the USSR. Kori Rumore,, 25 Feb. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'constituent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of constituent


1622, in the meaning defined at sense 3


1660, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for constituent


French constituant, from Middle French, from present participle of constituer to constitute, from Latin constituere — see constitute


Latin constituent-, constituens, present participle of constituere — see constituent entry 1

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Time Traveler for constituent

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The first known use of constituent was in 1622

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Dictionary Entries Near constituent



constituent structure

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Last Updated

18 Jun 2022

Cite this Entry

“Constituent.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 28 Jun. 2022.

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More Definitions for constituent


con·​stit·​u·​ent | \ kən-ˈsti-chə-wənt How to pronounce constituent (audio) \

Kids Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : one of the parts or materials of which something is made : element, ingredient
2 : any of the voters who elect a person to represent them



Kids Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

: forming part of a whole


con·​stit·​u·​ent | \ kən-ˈsti-chə-wənt How to pronounce constituent (audio) \

Legal Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : one who authorizes another to act as agent : principal
2 : a member of a constituency



Legal Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

: having the power to create a government or to frame or amend a constitution a constituent assembly

More from Merriam-Webster on constituent

Nglish: Translation of constituent for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of constituent for Arabic Speakers


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