constituent

noun
con·​stit·​u·​ent | \kən-ˈstich-wənt, -ˈsti-chə-, -ˈsti-chü-ənt\

Definition of constituent 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a member of a constituency pledged to help her elderly constituents

2 : an essential part : component, element The organic constituents of plants, animals, and microorganisms …— Harry S. Mosher et al.

3 : one who authorizes another to act as agent : principal

4 : a structural unit of a definable syntactic, semantic, or phonological category that consists of one or more linguistic elements (such as words, morphemes, or features) and that can occur as a component of a larger construction

constituent

adjective

Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : serving to form, compose, or make up a unit or whole : component constituent parts

2 : having the power to create a government or frame or amend a constitution a constituent assembly

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Other Words from constituent

Adjective

constituently adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for constituent

Synonyms: Noun

building block, component, element, factor, ingredient, member

Antonyms: Noun

whole

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Choose the Right Synonym for constituent

Noun

element, component, constituent, ingredient mean one of the parts of a compound or complex whole. element applies to any such part and often connotes irreducible simplicity. the basic elements of geometry component and constituent may designate any of the substances (whether elements or compounds) or the qualities that enter into the makeup of a complex product; component stresses its separate entity or distinguishable character. the components of a stereo system constituent stresses its essential and formative character. the constituents of a chemical compound ingredient applies to any of the substances which when combined form a particular mixture. the ingredients of a cocktail

Examples of constituent in a Sentence

Noun

She's pledged to help her elderly constituents. Many senators have received calls from constituents who want them to vote in favor of the law. the chemical constituents of the liquid

Adjective

The company can be separated into several constituent parts.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

One study found that women lawmakers bring in 9 percent more federal spending for their constituents than their male counterparts. Danush Parvaneh, Vox, "What happens when women win elections," 7 Nov. 2018 While the reasoning behind this isn't worth going into (a politician who happens to lie to their constituents? Amanda Mitchell, Marie Claire, "Who to Vote for in the 2018 Midterms: A Complete Guide to Figuring It Out," 13 Sep. 2018 Karem said four seats at the gala were used by the councilwoman, her son, daughter and nephew and the other seats were occupied by constituents. Phillip M. Bailey, The Courier-Journal, "Investigation continues into Derby spending by Metro Council Democrat," 21 June 2018 Before Ram's arrival, his constituents rigorously cleaned, made their homes beautiful, and, come nightfall, lined the path into the city with thousands of tiny, flickering candles. Noor Brara, Vogue, "Celebrating Diwali, in Light of the Midterms," 10 Nov. 2018 Some were more focused on the economy, or taxes, or other policies that concerned their constituents. Mary Beth Griggs, The Verge, "New congressional members with science backgrounds may help shape national policy," 7 Nov. 2018 In a test tube, the resulting fusion antibodies could neutralize flu strains that neither of their single constituents could alone. Diana Gitig, Ars Technica, "Llama “nanobodies” might grant universal flu protection," 5 Nov. 2018 Some cities, too, are frustrated with the service, saying there is no mechanism for local politicians to have a dialogue with constituents on the site. New York Times, "Nextdoor Is Betting a Social Network Can Still Be a Platform for Politics," 13 July 2018 Despite this, Walters and Rohrabacher continue to vote out of step with their constituents. latimes.com, "Koll Center project would not impact established residential neighborhoods," 8 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

All of these legislative and constituent pressures are converting Congress from an institution that could once think problems through to responsible conclusions into one that substitutes political reflex for reflection. James L. Buckley, National Review, "Preserving Our Republic as Federal Government Expands," 6 Feb. 2018 Our theory of change here is that the power that any individual local activist has is constituent power. Michelle Goldberg, Slate Magazine, "How Chuck Schumer Found His Spine," 30 Jan. 2017 May 9, 2017 Constituent questions about health care have dominated Labrador’s latest run of town hall meetings around his district, which covers the entire western part of the state from the Canadian border south to the Nevada line. Bill Dentzer, idahostatesman, "Labrador files papers for governor run, plans announcement in ‘coming weeks’," 9 May 2017 Constituent pressure such as this led two Republican senators to abandon support for Trump’s education secretary nominee, who was confirmed only when Vice President Pence broke a Senate deadlock. Sandhya Somashekhar, Washington Post, "Trump has galvanized activists on the left. Can they stay energized?," 29 Apr. 2017 Afterward, most constituent mail is scanned and forwarded to congressional offices as an electronic image. Kathryn Schulz, The New Yorker, "What Calling Congress Achieves," 6 Mar. 2017 Presidents have dealt with constituent mail differently over the years. Jeanne Marie Laskas, New York Times, "To Obama With Love, and Hate, and Desperation," 17 Jan. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'constituent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of constituent

Noun

1622, in the meaning defined at sense 3

Adjective

1660, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for constituent

Noun

French constituant, from Middle French, from present participle of constituer to constitute, from Latin constituere — see constitute

Adjective

Latin constituent-, constituens, present participle of constituere — see constituent entry 1

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Statistics for constituent

Last Updated

1 Dec 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for constituent

The first known use of constituent was in 1622

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More Definitions for constituent

constituent

noun

English Language Learners Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: any one of the people who live and vote in an area : a member of a constituency

: one of the parts that form something

constituent

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

: forming part of a whole

constituent

noun
con·​stit·​u·​ent | \kən-ˈsti-chə-wənt \

Kids Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : one of the parts or materials of which something is made : element, ingredient

2 : any of the voters who elect a person to represent them

constituent

adjective

Kids Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

: forming part of a whole

constituent

noun
con·​stit·​u·​ent | \kən-ˈsti-chə-wənt \

Legal Definition of constituent 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : one who authorizes another to act as agent : principal

2 : a member of a constituency

constituent

adjective

Legal Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

: having the power to create a government or to frame or amend a constitution a constituent assembly

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