con·​sist | \ kən-ˈsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \
consisted; consisting; consists

Definition of consist

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : lie, reside usually used with in Liberty consists in the absence of obstructions …— A. E. Housman"In her consists my happiness … "— William Shakespeare

2 archaic

a : exist, be
b : to be capable of existing
3 : to be composed or made up usually used with of Breakfast consisted of cereal, milk, and fruit.The team consists of five players.
4 : to be consistent it consists with the facts


con·​sist | \ ˈkän-ˌsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \

Definition of consist (Entry 2 of 2)

: makeup or composition (as of coal sizes or a railroad train) by classes, types, or grades and arrangement

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Examples of consist in a Sentence


that account consists with the information in the other reports

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The coalition conducting the probe is led by Texas and consists of 48 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Washington Post, "The Latest: Groups praise states for launching Google probe," 10 Sep. 2019 Treatment typically takes place in three or more states and may consist of chemotherapy, blood transfusion, antibiotics, radiation or blood, and marrow transplantation. Fox News, "Mom's raw post on childhood cancer goes viral: 'It affects the entire family'," 10 Sep. 2019 The red blood cells are discarded, and the remaining blood consists of plasma, which contains growth factors—hormones or other natural chemicals that stimulate cell development. Samantha Lauriello,, "Kourtney Kardashian Underwent Platelet-Rich Plasma Treatment to Fix a Bald Spot—but What Does That Mean?," 10 Sep. 2019 Now, the class five felony consists of a higher sentencing, supervised probation and treatment and cannot be dropped to a misdemeanor. Alexa Fuenmayor, azcentral, "New animal cruelty legislation goes into effect Tuesday," 27 Aug. 2019 Their diets are omnivorous but consist mostly of plant material, pond weed and algae, along with tadpoles, small fish, worms, snails and insects. Ernie Cowan, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Water-loving coots are longtime familiar sights," 15 Aug. 2019 Whereas the northern side of the street is Woodside and consists primarily of the original 1950s ranch-style homes. Kathleen Pender,, "Here’s how Atherton became the Bay Area’s most expensive city for housing — by far," 27 July 2019 The Skyline Collection sits above and consists of larger two-, three- and four-bedroom units. Randi Stevenson,, "First look: Nema, Chicago’s tallest residential tower, welcomes residents," 23 July 2019 Ben Shearer, a public-information officer for a state incident-management team put in place late Saturday, said the fire is reducing in size and mostly consists of hot spots. Mike Carter, The Seattle Times, "Juniper fire in Klickitat County 80% contained, response to downgrade Tuesday," 22 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The collective consists of four young and versatile performer-composer new-music Trekkies who cross genres with the graceful ease of the USS Enterprise traversing galaxies. Los Angeles Times, "Review: Musicians turn the Big Dipper into an ‘interstellar cantata,’ with help from NASA," 11 Sep. 2019 Great things come from our luncheon meetings, which consist of a sandwich, a cup of soup, and a good idea or two. Polina Marinova, Fortune, "Secretive Defense Tech Startup Anduril Reaches Unicorn Status: Term Sheet," 12 Sep. 2019 Western medicine so far has found no evidence that pangolin scales, which consist of keratin, the same material that makes up fingernails, hair, and rhino horn, have any physiological effects on humans. Paul Hilton, National Geographic, "Poaching is sending the shy, elusive pangolin to its doom," 17 June 2019 Lake Erie, specifically, has battled with toxic algae blooms, which consist of cyanobacteria rather than plankton, and can taint drinking water. Tony Briscoe,, "There’s a giant dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico — thanks in large part to pollution from Chicago," 14 June 2019 Instead, they are almost always found in groups of three in particles known as baryons—including the proton and neutron—or in pairs called mesons, which consist of a quark and an antimatter quark. Adrian Cho, Science | AAAS, "Exotic particles called pentaquarks may be less weird than previously thought," 5 June 2019 These are the kinds of equations — like y = 2x − 3 and y = x2 + 5x + 6 — that consist of variables raised to some power with coefficients in front. Quanta Magazine, "In the Universe of Equations, Virtually All Are Prime," 10 Dec. 2018 The women’s top five consists of Colorado, New Mexico, Washington, Michigan and Stanford., "Washington Huskies are ranked ahead of the Oregon Ducks in the national cross country polls," 28 Aug. 2019 Both the Comet Lake and Ice Lake notebook CPU lines this month consist of a full range of i3, i5, and i7 mobile CPUs in both high-power (U-series) and low-power (Y-series) variants. Jim Salter, Ars Technica, "Intel’s line of notebook CPUs gets more confusing with 14nm Comet Lake," 21 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'consist.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of consist


1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1898, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for consist

Verb and Noun

Middle French & Latin; Middle French consister, from Latin consistere, literally, to stop, stand still, from com- + sistere to take a stand; akin to Latin stare to stand — more at stand

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Statistics for consist

Last Updated

10 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for consist

The first known use of consist was in 1526

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More Definitions for consist


con·​sist | \ kən-ˈsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \
consisted; consisting

Kids Definition of consist

: to be made up or composed Coal consists mostly of carbon.

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More from Merriam-Webster on consist

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with consist

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for consist

Spanish Central: Translation of consist

Nglish: Translation of consist for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of consist for Arabic Speakers

Comments on consist

What made you want to look up consist? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to be made up of

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