chro·​ma·​tog·​ra·​phy | \ ˌkrō-mə-ˈtä-grə-fē How to pronounce chromatography (audio) \

Definition of chromatography

: a process in which a chemical mixture carried by a liquid or gas is separated into components as a result of differential distribution of the solutes as they flow around or over a stationary liquid or solid phase

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Other Words from chromatography

chromatographic \ krō-​ˌma-​tə-​ˈgra-​fik How to pronounce chromatography (audio) , krə-​ \ adjective
chromatographically \ krō-​ˌma-​tə-​ˈgra-​fi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce chromatography (audio) , krə-​ \ adverb

Examples of chromatography in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Eiseman says studying consumer habits and working closely with brands year-round informs their work as ersatz therapists, offering a bit of chromatography to cure the world’s pandemic blues. Anne Quito, Quartz, "Pantone wants to cure your pandemic blues with a double hit of color," 9 Dec. 2020 In recent years, the emphasis has shifted to alternative methods, such as high-performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, colorimetry, or spectrophotometry. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "Better than the Scoville scale? Chili-shaped device can rate pepper hotness," 22 Oct. 2020 Parris Goebel’s energetic chromatography is used to great effect, bringing energy to the proceedings from the very first scene. Janelle Okwodu, Vogue, "The A to Z of Rihanna’s Jaw-Dropping Savage x Fenty Show," 1 Oct. 2020 But for the liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry portion of the research, Longin did have to filter the beer. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "The chemistry of what makes sour beer so sour," 24 Aug. 2020 The technology the pilot plant will use to separate and concentrate rare earth elements is called ion exchange and continuous ion chromatography. Aldo Svaldi, The Denver Post, "A new Wheat Ridge plant will process rare earths, which aren’t so rare but are critical for iPhones and electric cars," 12 Jan. 2020 The process here begins with putting samples of real whiskey, wine or sake into a machine that performs a process known as gas and liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Esther Mobley,, "San Francisco startup unveils synthetic wine and sake, made from molecules in a lab," 20 Feb. 2020 In Forensic Science, kids will have a hands-on experience at a crime scene, solve different mysteries each day, look for clues and evidence, analyze DNA and learn to use chromatography. cleveland, "Apply for summer work at Avon pool/playground; registration for science camps begins March 3," 17 Feb. 2020 Commercial labs did not have the protocol to detect such small traces, so DiGiulio and his colleagues devised new procedures, using high-performance liquid chromatography, to detect it. Gayathri Vaidyanathan, Scientific American, "Fracking Can Contaminate Drinking Water," 4 Apr. 2016

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chromatography.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of chromatography

1936, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for chromatography

borrowed from German Chromatographie, from chromato- chromato- + -graphie -graphy, after earlier chromatographisch "chromatographic" and Chromatogramm chromatogram

Note: Term introduced by the botanist Mikhail Semyonovich Tsvet in "Adsorptionsanalyse und chromatographische Methode. Anwendung auf die Chemie des Chlorophylls," Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft, Band 24 (1906), p. 387. See note at chromatogram.

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Time Traveler for chromatography

Time Traveler

The first known use of chromatography was in 1936

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Statistics for chromatography

Cite this Entry

“Chromatography.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 1 Mar. 2021.

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More Definitions for chromatography


chro·​ma·​tog·​ra·​phy | \ ˌkrō-mə-ˈtäg-rə-fē How to pronounce chromatography (audio) \
plural chromatographies

Medical Definition of chromatography

: a process in which a chemical mixture carried by a liquid or gas is separated into components as a result of differential distribution of the solutes as they flow around or over a stationary liquid or solid phase — see affinity chromatography, cochromatography, column chromatography, electrochromatography, gas chromatography, gas-liquid chromatography, gel filtration, high-performance liquid chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, liquid chromatography, paper chromatography, partition chromatography, radiochromatography, thin-layer chromatography

Other Words from chromatography

chromatographic \ krō-​ˌmat-​ə-​ˈgraf-​ik, krə-​ How to pronounce chromatography (audio) \ adjective
chromatographically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce chromatography (audio) \ adverb

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