bib·​li·​og·​ra·​phy ˌbi-blē-ˈä-grə-fē How to pronounce bibliography (audio)
plural bibliographies
: the history, identification, or description of writings or publications
: a list often with descriptive or critical notes of writings relating to a particular subject, period, or author
a bibliography of modern poetry
: a list of works written by an author or printed by a publishing house
compiled a complete bibliography of John Donne
: the works or a list of the works referred to in a text or consulted by the author in its production
The book's bibliography contains over 400 items.
bibliographic adjective
or less commonly bibliographical
bibliographically adverb

Examples of bibliography in a Sentence

The instructor provided the students with an excellent bibliography on local history. The book includes a lengthy bibliography.
Recent Examples on the Web Houseman’s book itself, published by Princeton University Press, is a superb example of a scholarly biography, highly readable, with a helpful chronology at the front and more than a hundred pages of notes and bibliography at the back. Mary Norris, The New Yorker, 12 Oct. 2023 Penguin provides introductory essays; superb analyses by the series editor, Ben Saunders; and extensive bibliographies. Michael Dirda, Washington Post, 8 Sep. 2023 In one case study offered by Reed, an Egyptian limestone sculptor’s model was for sale in 2014 with a scant provenance lacking both an exhibition history and a bibliography. Julie Belcove, Robb Report, 5 Aug. 2023 These works, which have never been reprinted or translated, have since been excised from the Kundera corpus, and none of them appear in his official bibliography. Jared Marcel Pollen, The New Republic, 12 July 2023 Includes a note about the history of the black West and a bibliography. Yana Kunichoff, The Arizona Republic, 13 June 2023 Among her other books, Gregory's bibliography includes stories featuring Anne of Cleves, Henry VIII's fourth wife, as well as his final wife, Katherine Parr, either of which could make for an interesting look into a period of Tudor life less often seen in adaptations. Lauren Hubbard, Town & Country, 9 Nov. 2020 Physicist Chanda Prescod-Weinstein in Physics Today, about a new bibliography, Cite Black Women+ in Physics and Astronomy. Byscience News Staff,, 6 Apr. 2023 Several years ago, reading a book about Black business history, and then checking the bibliography for original sources, Prieto discovered a kind of manifesto Spaulding had written in 1927 for the Pittsburgh Courier, the largest Black newspaper of the era, reaching hundreds of thousands of readers. Lila MacLellan, Quartz at Work, 18 June 2020 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'bibliography.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


probably from New Latin bibliographia, from Greek, the copying of books, from bibli- + -graphia -graphy

First Known Use

1689, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of bibliography was in 1689

Dictionary Entries Near bibliography

Cite this Entry

“Bibliography.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 2 Dec. 2023.

Kids Definition


bib·​li·​og·​ra·​phy ˌbib-lē-ˈäg-rə-fē How to pronounce bibliography (audio)
plural bibliographies
: a list of writings about a subject or author or by an author
bibliographic adjective
or bibliographical
Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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